Les Baux-de-Provence is a French commune located in Bouches-du-Rhone department of province of Provence in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, southern France. The commune covers a total area of approx 18,07 km2 (6,98 ml2) and has a population of around 440 people (2010 census).
- Les Baux-de-Provence features a spectacular position in Alpilles mountains, atop a rocky outcrop which is crowned with a ruined castle that overlooks the plains to the south. The name of the commune refers to its site: in Provencal, a "bauc" is a rocky spur. The word bauxite (Aluminium ore) derives from the village name when in 1821 it was discovered there for the first time by geologist Pierre Berthier (1782-1861).
- Commune's inhabitants are known as Baussenques or Baussencs. It has been named one of the prettiest villages in France and boasts more than 1,5 million visitors annually although it has just 22 residents in the upper part of commune and about 440 for the whole commune.
- Les Baux-de-Provence is currently given over entirely to tourist trade, and relies on its reputation as one of the prettiest villages in France. Many of its buildings (the castle in particular) are picturesque ruins.
- Commune's economy is based on tourism arising from the castle and from the cobbled streets, the small craft workshops and the cultivation of vines.
- In the Chateau des Baux demonstrations of large catapults (Mangonel, Trebuchet and Couillard also named biffa) are given every day from April through September.
- Carrieres de Lumieres, established in 1976 as Cathedrale d'Images is a permanent show: bright images are projected on the walls of large galleries dug into the rock of Val-d'Enfer situated on the road to Maillane.
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