Onekotan Island (Kuril Islands, Russia)

Cruise Port schedule, map, terminals, news

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Region
Asia

Local Time
13:43 25 Jul 2017

Coordinates
49.47273 N, 154.74982 E

  Port Map

Onekotan is an uninhabited volcanic island located close to the northern end of Kuril Islands chain in Sea of Okhotsk, northwest Pacific Ocean. The island covers a total area of approx 425 km2 (164 ml2).

  • The name of Onekotan Island is derived from "large village" in Ainu language.
  • Onekotan Island is roughly rectangular, featuring a length of 42,5 km (26,4 ml), and a width ranging from 11 to 17 km (6,8-10,6 ml). 
  • The island consists of 2 stratovolcanos linked by a relatively flat isthmus: Nemo with a 1,019-meter height is the peak to the north, and Krenitsyn with a 1,325-meter height is the prominent caldera at the island's southern end.
  • Onekotan, featuring several shallow bays and sandy beaches providing landing points, was first inhabited by the Ainu before the European contact. It appeared on an official map that showed Matsumae Domain territories, feudal domain of Japan during Edo period, dated 1644. In 1715 these holdings were confirmed officially by Tokugawa shogunate.
  • Subsequently, claimed by the Russian Empire, sovereignty passed at first to Russia under the Treaty of Shimoda terms, but was returned to Empire of Japan per Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875) together with the rest of Kuril islands.
  • Onekotan Island was previously administered as part of Shimushu District, Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido. After the Second World War, the island came under control of the Soviet Union. Today it is administered as part of Sakhalin Oblast of Russian Federation.

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