Perpignan is a city, commune, and capital of Pyrenées-Orientales department, south-western France. It was the capital of former province and County of Roussillon and continental capital of Kingdom of Majorca during the 13th and 14th centuries. In 2013 the city of Perpignan had 118,240 inhabitants (Perpinyanés, Perpignanais). The metropolitan area had a total population of 305,840 in 2010. City's total area is 68.07 km2 (26.28 ml2).
Perpignan is situated in the center of Roussillon plain, 13 km (8 ml) west of Mediterranean coast. It is crossed by the largest Roussillon river, Têt, as well as by one of its tributaries, Basse. Floods occur often: in 1892 rising of Têt river destroyed 39 houses, and left more than sixty families homeless.
Traditional commerce was in olive oil, wine, wool, leather, iron, corks (cork oak Quercus suber is grown in the mild climate of Perpignan). In May 1907 Perpignan was a seat of agitation for government enforcement of wine quality after a collapse in prices. Rolling papers JOB are currently manufactured in the city.
Sites of interest in Perpignan include:
- The Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist (begun 1324, finished 1509);
- The Palace of the Kings of Majorca (13th century), situated on the high citadel and surrounded by ramparts, that were reinforced for Louis XI and Charles V and updated by the military engineer of Louis XIV, Vauban, in the 17th century;
- The walls surrounding Perpignan, designed by Vauban and razed in 1904 in order to accommodate urban development. The Castillet (main city door) is a small fortress constructed in the 14th century. It has been preserved and had been used as a prison till the end of 19th century;
- The Hotel Pams, a lavishly-decorated mansion that was designed for Jules Pams (1852-1930, French politician) and illustrates the artistic taste of wealthy bourgeois at the turn of 20th century.
After a visit in 1963, Spanish surrealist artist Salvador Dalí (1904-1989) declared the railway station of Perpignan the centre of Universe, saying that he got his best ideas while sitting in its waiting room. His painting La Gare de Perpignan reveals his vision of "cosmogonic ecstasy" on September 19, 1963 there. Dalí followed that some years later by declaring that 132 million years ago the Iberian Peninsula rotated at Perpignan station – an event he invoked in a 1983 painting Topological Abduction of Europe – Homage to Rene Thom. Above the station today stands a monument in honour to the artist, and across the surface of one of the platforms is painted, in large letters, «perpignan centre du monde» ("perpignan centre of the world").
The Perpignan cruise port map is interactive. It shows the port's exact location, along with the real-time cruise ship traffic (if any) in its vicinity - today, and right now. By zooming-out you can see other cruise ship ports located near Perpignan, France.
If you lose the Perpignan location on the map, simply reload the page (also with F5 button). This feature is integrated with the CruiseMapper's cruise ship tracker tracking the vessels' current positions at sea and in ports.