Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania situated in East Africa. It is composed of Zanzibar Archipelago, Indian Ocean, 25–50 km (16–31 miles) off the coast of mainland, and consists of a wealth of small islands and 2 large ones: Unguja (main island, informally referred to as Zanzibar) and Pemba. Zanzibar City, located on Unguja Island, is the capital. Stone Town (a World Heritage Site) is its historic centre. Zanzibar has a total area of 2,461 km2 (950 ml2) and a population of 1,303,570 inhabitants (2012 census).
Main industries in Zanzibar include raffia, spices, and tourism. Particularly, the islands produce nutmeg, cinnamon, black pepper and cloves. For this reason, along with Tanzania's Mafia Island, the islands are sometimes refered to as the Spice Islands (the term is also associated with Maluku Islands, Indonesia). Zanzibar is home of endemic Zanzibar servaline genet, Zanzibar red colobus monkey, and the (maybe extinct) Zanzibar leopard.
There are 5 ports in the islands of Pemba and Unguja, all developed and operated by Zanzibar Ports Corporation. The major port at Malindi handles 90% of Zanzibar's trade. It was built in 1925 and rehabilitated between 1989-1992 via the financial assistance from the EU (European Union). Salini Impregilo S.p.A. (Italian contractor) was supposed to construct wharves which had to last 60 years. However, these lasted just 11 years before degenerating as the company deviated from specifications. Following the long legal battle, in 2005 the company was required by the International Court of Arbitration to give Zanzibar a payment of US$11.6 million in damages.
Between 2004-2009 the port was rehabilitated again with EUR 31 million grant from the EU. The contract was awarded to M/S E.Phil and Sons (Denmark). The director of the contractor suggested the rehabilitation would last at least 50 years, but the port is still facing problems, such as sinking.
The most famous event in Zanzibar is the International Film Festival, also popular as Festival of the Dhow Countries. Each July, the event showcases the best of Swahili Coast arts scene, like the favorite music of Zanzibar, Taarab.
Major architectural sights in Stone Town include the Livingstone house, the House of Wonders, the Guliani Bridge, The Old dispensary of Zanzibar and The Old fort of Zanzibar (Ngome kongwe). The town of Kidichi boasts Hamamni Persian Baths, constructed by immigrants from Shiraz during Barghash bin Said's reign.
Zanzibar is the only site in Eastern African countries to feature the longest settlement houses, known formally as Michenzani flats. These were built during the 1970s by aid from East Germany to solve Zanzibar's housing problems.
Highlights: Palace, Museums, Stone Town
Port Zanzibar cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Zanzibar, Tanzania. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
|21 December, 2018|
|25 December, 2018|
|28 December, 2018|
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