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Isla Iguana island is a wildlife refuge featuring one of Gulf of Panama's largest and well-preserved coral reefs (nearly 0,16 km2 / 0,06 ml2).The island's total area is 0,58 km2 (0,22 ml2). Isla Iguana Wildlife Refuge is located in the Pacific Ocean, and approx 5 km (3 ml) off Azuero Peninsula (mainland Panama).
This Panamian island travel destination features crystal clear waters, white fine sand beaches, various marine wildlife - including 5 turtle species, hermit crabs, green and black iguanas, red-tailed boa (constrictor), red throated frigates. Isla Iguana is a vital nesting ground for a few seabird species (frigate birds).
There are several locations around the island best for snorkeling and scuba diving. It is possible to walk across the island via short trail from El Cirial Beach (east coast) to El Faro Beach (west coast). The latter is exposed to fierce winds and strong ocean currents. This means El Faro has bigger waves, and cruise travelers should take care while swimming or snorkeling on the west side. The island is a protected area since June 15, 1981.
Isla Iguana Wildlife Refuge was used as a bombing range during WW2 (1939-1945) by the US Army. To clear the marine area, over 1,000 tons of bombs stuck in the surrounding coral reef were detonated during the 1990s.
A settler on the island's northern part claimed it as his property in the 1960s. He planted there exotic plants (mangos, guava trees, corn, sugar cane), which were non-native plants but still live on the island.