Iwo Jima Island is one of Japan's Volcano Islands (Ioretto) located south of Ogasawara Islands. Both island groups form the Bonin Islands. The island covers a total area of approx 21 km2 (8 ml2). Iwo Jima is located approx 1200 km (750 ml) south of Tokyo. The island's hiest elevation point (Mt Suribachi) is 160 m (528 ft).
The island is famous for the "Battle of Iwo Jima" (February–March 1945) at the end of WW2 (1939-1945) between navy forces of the USA and the island-based ground forces of imperial Japan. The island remained under US occupation until 1968.
Officially, on Iwo Jima there is no native (civilian) population - only Japanese military personnel. The japanese naval air base on the island is operated by Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, maintaining a garrison of 400 troops. The base is served by an airstrip with length 2650 m (8700 ft) and width 60 m (200 ft). The base serves as support, air traffic control and fueling location.
Civilian access to the island (including by cruise ships) is restricted. Landings on the island are allowed only to civilians attending memorial services for fallen soldiers, construction workers and meteo staff.