Kushiro is a port city in Kushiro Subprefecture, located on Japan's Hokkaido Island (central-eastern coast). By population (around 180,00), it is ranked island's largest. The town was renamed from Kusuri in 1869, and received its city status in 1922. In 2005, two neighbouring towns (Onbetsu and Akan) were merged into the city.
In July 1899, Port Kushiro was established as an "open port" allowing international shipping trade with the USA and UK. The seaport is important as an ice-free harbour during winter months. In addition to the seaport, Kushiro is also served by Kushiro Airport - located approx 17 km (10 mi) northwest from downtown. The airport serves only domestic flights (by the carriers Air Do, All Nippon Airways, ANA Wings, HAC-Hokkaido Air System, Japan Airlines, Peach Aviation) offering direct flights to Tokyo, Sapporo and Osaka.
The city is also served by Super Ozora (express trains) linking to Sapporo with 7 daily departures. JR Hokkaido (Hokkaido Railway Company) operates two railways - Nemuro Line (Chokubetsu - Kushiro - Onbetsu - Shiranuka - Otanoshike - Kushiro - Fuji (Shizuoka) - Kushiro - Musa) and Senmo Line. A freight-only railway runs within the city (between Harutori and Shireto).
From Kushiro are offered bus excursions to Kushiro-Shitsugen National Park and Akan Mashu National Park, both located in Hokkaido Island's eastern part. These are Hokkaido's oldest NPs.
- Kushiro-Shitsugen NP is best known for its wetlands (distinct ecosystems flooded by water). Kushiro-Shitsugen translates as "Kushiro Wetlands/Swamp/Marshland). It was designated as NP in 1987, has land area ~269 km2 (104 mi2), contains japan's largest reedbed tracks (waterlogged depressions/designated "national natural monument") and through the Park flows Kushiro River (length 154 km / 96 mi)) originating from Lake Kussharo.
- Akan Mashu NP's scenery is marked by volcanic craters and forests. The Park has land area ~905 km2 (350 mi2) and is best known for its crystal clear lakes, hot springs, and large Marimo (lake ball/moss ball/Cladophora ball).
Port Kushiro cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Kushiro, Japan. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
|15 September, 2021|
|National Geographic Orion|