Machu Picchu (Machu Pikchu), is a famous 15th-century Inca citadel located on a mountain ridge 7,970 ft (2,430 metres) above sea level. It is situated in Cusco Region, Province of Urubamba, Machupicchu District (Peru), above Sacred Valley, that is 50 miles (80 kilometres) northwest of Cuzco and through which Urubamba River flows.
Most today archaeologists believe Machu Picchu was built as the estate for Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Machu Picchu is the icon of Inca civilization. It is mistakenly referred to as "Lost City of the Incas" as the title more correctly applied to Vilcabamba. The Incas built Machu Picchu around 1450 but abandoned it at the time of Spanish Conquest, a century later. It was not known to the outside world until in 1911 Hiram Bingham, American historian, brought it to international attention.
Machu Picchu was created in classical Inca style, featuring polished dry-stone walls. It has three primary structures: the Room of the Three Windows, Inti Watana and the Temple of the Sun. Most of the buildings have been reconstructed in order to give a better idea of how they innitially appeared. By 1976, 30% of Machu Picchu had been restored. Restoration continues.
In 1981 Machu Picchu was declared Peruvian Historical Sanctuary; in 1983 - UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2007, in a worldwide Internet poll, it was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Machu Picchu tours, shore excursions, hotels
City Tours and Shore Excursions
Sacred Valley tours and excursions:
- Puca Pucara
- Sacsayhuaman Temple
- Ollantaytambo ruins
- glass-dome train travel to Machu Picchu (guided tour of the ruins)
- train travel back to Sacred Valley and Cusco (Santo Domingo Monastery tour)
- If the Sacred Valley tour is part of a Galapagos cruise package deal, there is a charter flight Cusco to Quito (local restaurant dinner) and Quito touring on the next day. On the next day of the itinerary there is a flight from Quito to Baltra island for embarkation.
Port Machu Picchu cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Machu Picchu, Peru. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
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The Machu Picchu cruise port map is interactive. It shows the port's exact location, along with the real-time cruise ship traffic (if any) in its vicinity - today, and right now. By zooming-out you can see other cruise ship ports located near Machu Picchu, Peru.
If you lose the Machu Picchu location on the map, simply reload the page (also with F5 button). This feature is integrated with the CruiseMapper's cruise ship tracker tracking the vessels' current positions at sea and in ports.