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Pulau Madura is an Indonesian island located off Java Island's northeastern coast. It has land area of approx 5168 km2 (1995 ml2) and population over 3,6 million.
- This island area also includes smaller islaes (gilis) to the east and north of Madura. The island is separated from Java Island via Strait of Madura.
- This is among the poorest regions of East Java province. The soil is not fertile enough for agriculture. The limited economy results in poverty, chronic unemployment, long-term emigration.
- From Bangkalan (on the western coast) the island is within a short ferry ride from Indonesia's 2nd-largest city Surabaya (East Java's capital city). This made Bangkalan practically a suburb for commuters to the city.
- Local economy is largely subsistence - agriculture in small landholdings (producing mainly maize), cattle-raising, small-scale fishing. Export industries include tobacco farming (producing tobacco and cloves for the domestic clove cigarette industry) and salt.
- Bangkalan, on the western end of the island, has industrialized substantially since the 1980s. This region is within a short ferry ride of Surabaya, Indonesia's second-largest city, and hence has gained a role as a suburb for commuters to Surabaya, and as a location for industry and services that need to be near the city. Surabaya-Madura Bridge (opened in June 2009) is a cable bridge connecting Surabaya with Bangkalan. This toll bridge has length of 5438 m (17841 ft) and height 146 m (479 ft).
- Pulau Madura is famous for its bull-racing competition ("karapan sapi"). During the event, jockeys ride wooden sleds (pulled by two bulls) over a course of 100 m for 10-15 seconds.
Pulau Madura Island cruise terminal
Cruise ships to Pulau Madura Island Island dock (anchor) at Sumenep - port town on the eastern coast.
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