Paramushir is a volcanic island located in the northern portion of Kuril Islands chain in Sea of Okhotsk, northwest Pacific Ocean. The island covers a total area of approx 2,053 km2 (793 ml2) and has a population of around 2,590 people (2002 census).
- Paramushir Island is separated from Shumshu by the narrow Second Kuril Strait situated in the northeast 2,5 km (1,6 ml), from Antsiferov by Luzhin Strait (15 km/9,3 ml) to the southwest, from Atlasov in the northwest by 20 km (12 ml), and Onnekotan in the south by 40 km (25 ml) wide Fourth Kuril Strait. The northern tip is 39 km (24 ml) from Cape Lopatka at the southern tip of Kamchatka Peninsula.
- The name of the island is derived from Ainu language (translated to “broad island”, “populous island”). The administrative center of Severo-Kurilsky district, Severo-Kurilsk, is the only permanently populated settlement on the island.
- Paramushir Island is roughly rectangular, and is the 2nd largest of Kuril Islands. Geologically, it is a continuous chain of 23 volcanoes, of which at least five are active, and exceed 1,000 m (3,300 ft), with the highest peak being Chikurachki at 1,816 m (5,958 ft).
- Paramushir Island was inhabited by Ainu at the time of European contact and appears on an official map showing the Matsumae Domain territories, a feudal domain of Japan's Edo period dated 1644.
- In November 1952, the largest settlement of Severo-Kurilsk was destroyed by Severo-Kurilsk tsunami and rebuilt in another location. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990, the island's population decreased and villages that once lined the coast are currently ghost towns, due in part to the crash of formerly lucrative herring fishery and general economic hardships. The island is today administered as part of Sakhalin Oblast, Russian Federation.
Paramushir Island cruise terminal
Cruise ships to Paramushir Island dock (anchor) at Severo-Kurilsk on the eastern coast.
The Paramushir Island cruise port map is interactive. It shows the port's exact location, along with the real-time cruise ship traffic (if any) in its vicinity - today, and right now. By zooming-out you can see other cruise ship ports located near Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, Russia.
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