Novaya Zemlya is a Russian Arctic Ocean territory (archipelago) located in northern Russia (Europe's extreme northeast). The archipelago is part of Arkhangelsk Oblast and has population around 3,000. most of which (around 2,000) live in Belushya Guba.
- When the islands were first discovered, the indigenous people (Nenetses) subsisted mainly on hunting (polar bears, seals), fishing, trapping and reindeer herding.
- Novaya Zemlya consists of 2 large islands - Severny (Northern) and Yuzhny (Southern), separated by Matochkin Strait, plus smaller isles.
- Novaya Zemlya is also the land separating Barents Sea from Kara Sea. Archipelago's total land area is 90650 km2 (35000 ml2), with highest elevation point 1547 m (5075 ft) on Severny island.
- The archipelago is an Ural Mountains extension separated from mainland Russia by Kara Strait. Severny Island has many glaciers, while Yuzhny Island is covered with tundra. Climate is severe, but here can be found several Arctic species, most notable of which are polar bears.
- This Russian territory was a sensitive military area where after WW2 (1939-1945) here was maintained the USSR / Soviet Air Force base "Rogachevo". The base was used for aircraft interceptions and providing logistics for the nearby nuclear testing zone. Novaya Zemlya was one of USSR's 2 major nuclear testing zones (with all 3 sites located on the islands) used for air drops and underground nuke bombs testing.
- In October 1961, here was detonated RDS-220 hydrogen bomb named "Tsar Bomba" - world's largest and most powerful nuclear bomb ever used. The monstrous weapon (yield 50 Mt / megatonnes of TNT, weight 27 metric tons, length 8 m / 26 ft, diameter 2,1 m / 6,9 ft) was code-named "Vanya". The bomb was attached to a huge parachute (weight 800 kg).
- Tsar Bomba was detonated at Sukhoy Nos cape (Severny Island), near isle's southern end and close to Matochkin Strait.
Highlights: Easternmost point of Europe, Barents site
Novaya Zemlya cruise port videos
Port Novaya Zemlya cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Novaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
The Novaya Zemlya cruise port map is interactive. It shows the port's exact location, along with the real-time cruise ship traffic (if any) in its vicinity - today, and right now. By zooming-out you can see other cruise ship ports located near Novaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia.
If you lose the Novaya Zemlya location on the map, simply reload the page (also with F5 button). This feature is integrated with the CruiseMapper's cruise ship tracker tracking the vessels' current positions at sea and in ports.
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