Pylos historically known under the Italian name Navarino, is a city and former municipality in Messenia (Peloponnese, Greece). It is part of Pylos-Nestoras municipality since 2011 local government reform, of which is the seat and municipal unit. Pylos was the capital of former Pylia Province. It's the main harbour on Bay of Navarino. Villages located nearby include Pyla, Elaiofyto, Gialova, Palaionero and Schinolakka. The town of Pylos has 2,770 inhabitants, and the municipal unit of Pylos 5,290 (2011 census). The municipal unit has a total area of 143.91 km2 (55.56 ml2).
The city of Pylos boasts a long history as it has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. It was a majjor kingdom in Mycenaean Greece, featuring remains of the "Palace of Nestor" that has been excavated nearby and was named after the king of Pylos in Homer Iliad. The site was uninhabited in Classical times, but became the site of Battle of Pylos (425 BC, during Peloponnesian War).
Thereafter Pylos was scarcely mentioned. However, during the 13th century it became part of Frankish Principality of Achaea and was increasingly popular by its Italian name "Navarino" or its French name "Port-de-Jonc". In the 1280s the Franks erected Old Navarino castle on the site.
From 1417 until 1500 (when conquered by Ottoman Empire), Pylos city came under the control of Republic of Venice. The city and its bay were used as a naval base by the Ottomans, who built New Navarino fortress there. Pylos' area remained under control of the Ottomans, with the exception of a short period of Venetian rule (1685–1715) and Russian occupation (1770–1771), until the outbreak of the 1821 Greek War of Independence. In 1825 Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt recovered the region for the Ottomans, but the defeat of Turco-Egyptian fleet in 1827 Battle of Navarino pushed Ibrahim to withdraw from Peloponnese and confirmed the independence of Greece.
The framework of modern Pylos, outside Neokastro's s walls, was built by the troops of Gen. Maison during the French Morea expedition (1828–1833). Greek National Road 82 starts in downtown Pylos. This highway runs to the east and links the city with Sparta and Kalamata. The area enjoys a good climate, with very mild winters.
Gialova wetland is just like a blessing of nature. It is among the ten major Greek lagoons. and has been classified as one of the major bird areas in Europe, lying between Gialova and Voidokilia bay. Its alternative name "Vivari" is Latin, and means 'fishponds'. It is the southernmost stopover of migrating from the Balkans birds on their way to Africa, giving shelter to around 225 bird species.
Highlights: Navarino Bay, Mycenaean Palace, Fortress of Neokastro, Olympia
Port Pylos cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Pylos, Greece. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
|Day||Ship||Arrival||Departure||Next Port of Call|
|21 April, 2018|
|MS Serenissima||Katakolon, Olympia, Greece|
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