Pisco is the capital of Pisco Province. It is situated in Ica Region of Peru, around 9 m (28 feet) above sea level. The city of Pisco was established in 1640, close to an indigenous emplacement bearing the same name. It originally prospered due to its nearby vineyards and soon became noted for its pisco or grape brandy which used to be exported out of its port. In 2013 Pisco had an estimated population of 133,930. The total area of Pisco is 3,978 km2 (1,536 ml2).
"Pisco" is a Quechua word meaning "bird." The region is often visited due to the concentration of birds and marine animals at Paracas National Reserve (Peruvian Galapagos). There are a collection of islands at the reserve, Islas Ballestas, which are off limits to people. However, boat tours get close to. Chincha Islands are also situated near the coast. Plenty of bird species can be seen in these islands including cormorants, pelicans, penguins, Inca terns and Peruvian boobies, as well as dolphins, turtles, sea lions and whales.
Another attraction in the region is El Candelabro, a mammoth lamp dug in the sand in the method used by the creators of Nazca Lines (pre-Columbian geoglyphs that are etched into desert sands).
In the area where the city of Pisco sits flourished one of the most important Peruvian civilizations, Paracas culture. Because of its ease of access and the crossroads to Andes, the Spaniards probably have considered making Pisco capital, before they chose Lima.
Plaza de Armas is located in the city. People buy assorted dried fruits and little sweets made from pecans there. The Municipal Palace, The statue of Jose de San Martin and the mansion he lived in, surround the Plaza. Other major building in Pisco is the baroque Iglesia de la Compania, begun in 1689. It features a gold-leaf altarpiece and carved pulpit. Close to the town, off the road to Ayacucho, is the large, well-preserved Tambo Colorado (famous Inca site).
The city of Pisco was very near the epicenter of a devastating 8.0-magnitude earthquake that struck south-central Peru on August 15, 2007. Media reported 80% of Pisco was destroyed, including San Clemente Cathedral in Plaza de Armas in which, at the time of the earthquake, mass was taking place. The resulting dead account for reported 30% of the total fatalities by the earthquake. Throughout the city, several hundred more were killed.
Highlights: Nazca Markings, Ica town & Museum, Paracas National Reserve
Pisco tours, shore excursions, hotels
City Tours and Shore Excursions
- Nazca Lines
Port Pisco cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Pisco, Peru. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
|Day||Ship||Arrival||Departure||Next Port of Call|
|11 April, 2018|
|Crystal Symphony||08:00||16:00||Callao, Lima, Peru|
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