Ulva (Ulbha) is an island located in Scotland's Inner Hebrides, off the west coast of Isle of Mull. The island has total area approx 20 km2 (7,7 mi2) and population around 20-30 (permanent residents). Same-named is New Zealand's Ulva Island.
Ulva is separated from Isle of Mull via a narrow strait and linked with the neighbouring Gometra Island by a bridge. Much of Ulva is formed from Cenozoic basalt rocks, that in places is formed into columns. The highest point on Ulva Island is Beinn Chreagach - a rocky mountain reaching 313 m (1027 ft).
The island has been populated since Mesolithic and there are a variety of Neolithic remains The Norse occupation during the Early Historic Period left few tangible artefacts but gave the island its name, which probably derives from Ulvoy, translated to "wolf island".
Celtic culture was the main influence during both Dalriadan and Pictish times as well as post-Norse period when the isles became part of today Scotland. The long period, when Gaelic language became dominant, was ended by 19th-century Clearances. At its height, Isle of Ulva had permanent population of 800+, but today it has declined to less than 20.
Wildlife on the island is abundant. More than 500 plant species have been recorded. Cetaceans are often seen in the surrounding waters.
None of the roads on the island are tarmacked or numbered, because of the low population. There are no fewer than 6 fords on the southern road's length. However, there is a bridge to Gometra, that at low tide can be reached dry-shod. Like certain other isles, there are no cars, but tractors and quad bikes are used.
A ferry sails out of Ulva Island to Ulva Ferry's hamlet on Mull Island, on request. Ulva Primary School is actually on Mull Island at Ulva Ferry. There are also ruined school buildings at Fearann Ard-airigh and Glac na Gallan.
The main industry on Ulva Island now is tourism. Other industries include sheep, cattle and fish farming (especially salmon at Soriby Bay). The island also has a small sawmill. There is no hotel, but a locked bothy at Cragaig that can be rented. Camping is also possible. There is a former shooting lodge at Ardalum, which is currently a self-catering unit, and was workers' accommodation for a short time.
There is a licensed tea room & restaurant on the island named "The Boathouse", where local oysters are sold.
Ulva Island cruise terminal
Cruise ships to Ulva Island dock (anchor) at Ballygown - port village on the western coast of Isle of Mull.