Bad Schandau is a spa town in Germany. It is situated in the south of Free State of Saxony and the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district, on the right bank of Elbe river, at the mouth of the little Kirnitzsch valley. Bad Schandau lies east of Elbe right on the edge of Saxon Switzerland National Park in Elbe Sandstone Mountains. National Park Centre is situated in the town.
The original Bad Schandau town centre is nestled on the towering sandstone rocks on the northern bank of River Elbe and squeezed in places into the Kirnitzsch valley. The town centre lies 122 m above sea level (HN), whilst the highest points lie more than 400 metres above sea level. The Kirnitzschtal Tramway, a rural tram line, accompanies the river for several kilometres and offers access to the nearby walking area.
The original merchants' and craftsmen's settlement left of the Elbe with timber-framed houses, mentioned as early as 1379, has been a summer resort since the end of 19th century when began development of tourism. The village was the sphere of action of Krippen villager and inventor of mechanical wood pulp for the manufacture of paper, Friedrich Gottlob Keller, from 1853 to his death in 1895.