Florence is the capital city of the region of Tuscany in Italy and of the Metropolitan City of Florence. Florence is also the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,080 inhabitants in 2016 (on a total area of 102.41 km2 /39.54 ml2), expanding to more than 1,520,000 in the metropolitan area.
The city of Florence was a centre of European trade and finance during medieval times and one of the wealthiest of the time. It is often considered the birthplace of Renaissance, and has been named "the Athens of the Middle Ages". The turbulent political history of Florence includes periods of rule by the Medici family, and a wealth of republican and religious revolutions. From 1865 to 1871, Florence was the capital of Italy's recently established Kingdom.
The Historic Centre of the city attracts around 13 million tourists per year. In 2012, Euromonitor International ranked it the world's 89th most visited (1,8 million visitors). In 1982, Florence was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The city is noted for its rich culture, plenty of monuments, Renaissance art and architecture. Florence also boasts numerous art galleries and museums, such as Palazzo Pitti and Uffizi Gallery, and still exerts influence in the fields of politics, art and culture. Due to the artistic and architectural heritage of the city, it has been ranked as one of the most beautiful in the world by Forbes.
Florence is a major city in Italian fashion, ranked in the world's top 51 fashion capitals. It is also an important national economic centre, as well as an industrial and tourist hub. In 2008, it had Italy's 17th highest average income.
Next photo shows Florence's famous bridge Ponte Vecchio. The bridge is over Arno River (at the river's narrowest point). It still has shops (selling jewelry, art items and souvenirs) built along it. The neighbouring bridges are named Ponte Santa Trinita and Ponte alle Grazie.