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Livorno (aka Leghorn) is a port city on Ligurian Sea, located on the western coast of Tuscany, Italy. The city has population around 160,000. Port Livorno is the gateway to Pisa, Lucca, Firenze (Tuscany's capital city) and Siena.
Livorno is one of the biggest seaports in Italy and Mediterranean Sea. It offers regular ferry services by the companies Corsica-Sardinia Ferries (to Golfo Aranci and Bastia), Grimaldi Lines (to Barcelona and Tangier), Toremar (to Capraia), Moby Lines (to Olbia and Bastia).
In the end of 2013 was approved a plan for expanding Livorno's passenger port (serving ferry and cruise shipping traffic). The project included both piers Alto Fondale and Calata Orlando, providing 3 more dedicated cruise ship berths (for vessels with LOA length over 300 m / 984 ft), infrastructure development (relocating commercial berths to separate cargo and passenger traffic). The first phase of the port expansion project was completed in 2017. All works are expected to be completed 2022-2023. Until the project's completion, commercial piers will still be used for cruise ship docking.
In November 2015, the port introduced its shore power supply system (by Nidec Corporation, Japan) providing up to 12 MW shoreside electrical power for berthed vessels. The system can support mid-sized cruise liners (with passenger capacity 1000-2000) which usually dock at Sgarallino Pier. The project cost EUR 3,5 million, and was 80% funded by Port Livorno. By 2018, the company Enel (Italy's manufacturer and distributor of electricity and gas) increased the port's shore power capacity up to 45 MW, allowing cold ironing services to ships berthed at other piers, as well as capacity to supply larger vessels.
Port's statistical data for season 2016 showed a total of 404 cruise ship calls and 810,000 passengers - about 16% increase over 2015. Season 2017's data showed a 10% decrease (over 2016) in ship visits.
In 2017, the cruise port had scheduled a total of 349 ship calls and handled around 700,000 passengers. Season 2017 featured 6 new cruise vessels (making maiden calls) and 3 ships doing partial turnaround (optional embarkation / disembarkation in Port Livorno): AIDAperla (17 calls), Silver Muse (5), Seabourn Encore (5), Majestic Princess (4), Viking Sky (2), Norwegian Joy (1 call), MSC Armonia (17 partial turnarounds), Arethusa (16 partial turnarounds), Hebridean Sky (1 partial turnaround).
In 2018, the port had scheduled 362 cruise ship calls with around 730,000 passengers. Also in 2018 was completed cruise port's privatization (started in 2017), with MSC Cruises being one of its owners.
There are plans for port developments (budgeted EUR 90 million) for building 4 new berths and terminals with capacity to handle world's largest passenger ships. These plans also include building new facilities providing shore-side power and LNG bunkering. Port's max draft is 15 m (49 ft) and its access channel is wide enough to accommodate big-sized liners.
Starting operations in January 2019, Port Livorno has Mediterranean's largest container crane ("Model 8 Mobile Harbor Crane"). Built by Konecranes Gottwald lift AGV, the huge crane has max lifting capacity 200 tons, operational radius 12-16 m and hoising heights 12-54 m (below-above quay level). It can serve boxships and ConRo vessels (RoRo-boxship combo transporting TEUs, wheeled cargo and vehicles). The new crane is diesel-electric (power output 1 MW) and can be hooked-up to terminal's power grid.
Livorno cruise terminal
Currently, the cruise port has 3 berths (close to Pisa International Airport) and can handle 3 large-sized ships at a time. Extra berthing is available at other piers, offering priority docking for passenger shipping vessels. In total, the port can handle 8 cruise ships simultaneously. Smaller-sized vessels berth within walking distance to downtown (Old Fortress).
Livorno's new Alto Fondale cruise terminal is located at Silos Granari Calata Punto Franco. The facility is used only by ships operating on roundtrip itinerariess from Livorno (turnarounds). It is located approx 0,5 km from the city center. Two big airports are located close to the cruise port terminal - Aeroporto di Pisa (13 km / 8 ml) and Aeroporto di Firenze (Florence, 80 km / 50 ml).
Large cruise ships to Livorno dock at port's container terminal. From there is provided shuttle bus service (terminal to Piazza Grande). Depending on cruise company, this service is at additional charge or complimentary. Taxis at the terminal are also available. The nearest railway station is approx 3 km (1,9 ml) or about 5-min bus drive. Bus shuttles stop at the train station too. At the terminal, cruise passsengers can purchase bus and train (roundtrip) tickets to Pisa, Florence and Lucca. Trains from Livorno to Pisa depart every 30 min.
In the end of 2013 was approved a 3-year plan for expanding the cruise port. It included the whole Alto Fondale and Calata Orlando piers, and provided 3 more cruise ship dedicated berths for larger vessels (with length over 300 m / 980 ft).
Port's future expansion involves a huge investment for redesigning of its infrastructure in order commercial berths to be relocated, so cargo and passenger shipping traffic to be separated. This project's first stage will be completed in 2017. By the year 2022 all should be completed, but the commercial piers will still be used by cruise ships in the meantime.
In the near future, Port Livorno will offer LNG bunkering at a new (dedicated) cruise terminal just 20 km (12 ml) away from the cruise port. The port autority company announced in July 2016 that they are considering the option to use the LNG plant to refuel LNG-powered cruise ships. This way Livorno will join the seaports offering LNG bunkering (liquefied natural gas). Close-to-port LNG supply service will allow vessels to bunker directly - without using LNG barges or trucks to provide them with fuel.
Livorno tours, shore excursions, hotels
City Tours and Shore Excursions
Livorno is also thye cruise port to Pisa and Florence. The long list of Livorno's places of interest and most popular tourist attractions includes:
- Cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi
- Acquario comunale Diacinto Cestoni
- Fortezza Nuova
- Fortezza Vecchia
- Fosso Reale
- Museo Civico Giovanni Fattori
- Museo di storia naturale del Mediterraneo
- Orto Botanico del Mediterraneo
- Old English Cemetery
- Sanctuary of Montenero
- Porto Mediceo
- Venezia Nuova
- Terrazza Mascagni
A popular shore excursion offered from Livorno cruise port is the bus tour of Bolgheri and the Wine Road, located at approx 40 min drive distance from the port. The famous Viale dei Cipressi leads cruise tourists to the village of Bolgheri. After visiting the craft shops and wine bars, tourists travel to the vineyards where they have the chance to taste local delicacies, such as Olive Oil, honey, bread and cheeses.
To promote the potential of the Livorno territory, as an alternative to the classic Tuscany tour, Porto 2000 presented at Seatrade Cruise Med (in Tenerife, Canaries) a new marketing project called "Why Livorno", which was launched at Seatrade Cruise Global (in Fort Lauderdale, Florida USA) in March 2017.
Port Livorno cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Livorno, Florence-Pisa, Italy. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
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