Tangier (Tanger) is a major port city in northwestern Morocco (North Africa) located at the entrance to Gibraltar Strait where Mediterranean Sea meets Atlantic Ocean. Tangier is the capital of Morocco's region Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima and also of the prefecture Tangier-Assilah. Citi's population is around 950,000, ranking it country's 3rd largest - after Casablanca (capital of Casablanca-Settat) and Fez (capital of Fes-Meknes).
The current-day city is famous for its numerous large tourism and business development projects. The largest of these projects are Tangier City Center (new district), Tangier Ibn Battuta Airport (new terminal), new football stadium (capacity 45,000 seats), Tanger-Med (new seaport), as well as extensively renovated tourist infrastructure. As economy impact, Tangier is Morocco's second largest (after Casablanca). City's largest industries are textiles, chemicals, mechanics, metallurgy, maritime (including naval), agriculture (mainly cereal), tourism (seaside resorts). The city has four industrial parks, two of which are free economic zones and part of Tangier Exportation Free Zone (total area 3,45 km2).
Town's history started as early as 5th century BC as a Berber settlement (North African indigenous people). It was later developed as Phoenician trade port, Soon after WW1 (1914-1918), in 1923 the city received an international status and became a popular tourism destination for wealthy Europeans and North Americans.
Tangier is a well-known international city, as well as one of the oldest in the Mediterranean. It still keeps the traces of ancient civilizations and cultures, including Phoenicians, Romans, Carthaginian, Byzantine, Vandals, Arabs. The city is a popular tourism travel destination attracting numerous artists, singers, writers. In its not so distant past, it was also popular among European and US diplomats and spies. The best way to discover Tangier is by visiting the old town (medina) and Casbah (15th century enclosed ramparts). Other downtown attractions include Grand Socco, St Andrew’s Church (Anglican), Sidi Bouabid Mosque, Mendoubia, Petit Socco cafes, Dar Baroud, the Jewish cemetery, Casbah Museum, American Legation Museum, Ibn Battouta's tomb, Hercules' caves.
The entire coastal region itself is a tourist destination, featuring amazing beaches and authentic villages and the vestiges of the ancient Phoenician and Roman cities Chefchaouen, Tetouan, Assilah, Larache. Port Tangier's strategic location boosted an intensive maritime trade between Mediterranean and Atlantic Ocean. There are also excellent road and rail connections with other cities in Morocco. In 2018 was inaugurated Africa's first high-speed train, that connects Tangier with Casablanca (about 2 hours travel time).
Tanger-Med Port is Africa's largest seaport and logistics hub. It is located on Gibraltar Strait (just 15 km / 10 ml from Europe) and interlinked with over 180 international seaports. Port's annual shipping volumes include 9 million TEUs (containers carried on large boxships), around 2 million vehicles (export), ferries with handled over 7 million passengers and 700,000 trucks (trailers), around 10 million metric tons oil products.
Tanger Med Port was developed to serve Morocco's exports. The project resulted in creating new local jobs and significant foreign investments in industrial and commercial free zones managed by renown port operators. Port's largest businesses (as annual tonnage) are transshipments of TEU-containers and cereals.
The seaport is managed by the private company TMSA (Tangier Mediterranean Special Agency) under an agreement with Morocco's Government. Port Tanger expansion project (budgeted USD 180 million) was signed in October 2008. It included as Phase 1 building a second port (Tangier Med 2) to serve the increased container shipping. "Tangier Med 2" was officially approved in January 2009, and construction works started on June 17. In November 2010, EIB (European Investment Bank) loaned EUR 200 million for the Tangier Med 2 project.
In 2012 were inaugurated new port facilities, including two container terminals with total quay length 2,8 km (1,7 ml) adding 5 million TEU capacity (to a total of 8 million TEUs). The project was completed in 2018, making Tanger Med Port the largest cargo port in the Mediterranean.
The seaport serves 750+ companies specializing in industries like automotive, logistics, trade. container shipping. Among the largest companies are Bosch, Siemens, Daher, Huawei, 3M, Decathlon, Adidas, Furukawa Electric, Renault Nissan, Fiat, Delphi Auto, Sogefi, Magnetti, Denso, Yazaki, Valeo.
In early-November 2018, Kalmar subsidiary of the Finland-based Cargotec) signed a deal to deliver 2 rubber-tyred gantry cranes to EUROGATE (Europe's largest independent container terminal operator) for EUROGATE Tanger container terminal.
- EUROGATE terminal has quay length 812 m, land area 400,000 m2 and water depth (max draft) 18 m.
- The new Kalmar cranes were scheduled for delivery in 2019-Q3. These cranes are 7+1 rows wide and 1-over-5 high, with lifting capacity 50 tons.
- The equipment features two innovative Kalmar solutions. SmartRail is an automated steering system with position indication, that controls crane's steering and exchanges TEU coordinates with the terminal. SmartFleet is a process automation technology that reduces downtime via remote monitoring and reporting.
Tangier Port Conversion project also included building cultural centers, hotels, residences, offices, shopping areas, restaurants and night clubs. Project's main purpose was to position the city and Tanger-Med Port (located in the heart of the city) as a leading Mediterranean cruise and yachting destination, as well as a place perfect for living, working and leisure.
In June 2019 was inaugurated "APM Terminals MedPort Tangier"- the second joint venture between TangerMed Port and Maersk (currently ranked world's largest container shipping company). Terminal's construction started in 2017 and included an investment of ~USD 800 million. The new transshipment TEU terminal was designed/constructed and is operated under concession by APM Terminals (global container terminal operator). In November 2019, now, Hapag-Lloyd purchased 10% stake in Tangier Med 2 port's TC3 (Container Terminal 3, annual TEU capacity ~1,5 million). TC3 Terminal's other shareholders are Marsa Maroc (port operator, 50%), Contship Italia Group and Eurogate Terminals (together 39%).
TangerMed is currently Africa's largest container port (annual capacity ~9 million TEUs, quay length 1200 m, max draft/water depth 18 m) and amongst world’s top 50. Approx 200 cargo ships pass daily through Gibraltar Strait on routes linking Europe with Africa, Asia, and North-South America.
Tangier cruise terminal
Cruise ships in Port Tangier dock at the dedicated passenger terminal Tanger Ville - serving cruise liners, but mainly ferries connecting to France, Spain and Italy. The facility is operated by SGPTV SA (Tangier City Port Management Company). Shuttle bus service and taxis at the terminal are also available.
- Tangier to Tarifa (FRS, Inter Shipping) total 14 daily crossings, travel time 1 hour
- Tangier to Algeciras (Balearia, Trasmediterranea, FRS, Inter Shipping, AML) total 49 daily crossings, travel time 1-1,5 hours
- Tangier to Malaga (Balearia) - 1 weekly crossing, travel time 5 hours
- Tangier to Barcelona (GNV, Grimaldi) - total 3 weekly crossings, travel time 27-32 hours
- Tangier to Genoa (GNV) - 2 weekly crossings, travel time 48,5 hours
- Tangier to Sete (GNV) - 2 weekly crossings, travel time 32 hours
- Tangier to Savona (Grimaldi) - 1 weekly crossing, travel time 51 hours
Port Tangier cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Tangier, Morocco. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
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