Review of Ferries
This is CruiseMapper's hub listing all the world's newest and largest cruise ferry ships. Our list of passenger ferries includes vessels operated by the world's largest ferry companies. The below-listed links are internal and redirect to company's review here. "Routes" link (in brackets by line) is also internal and shows company's services as homeports and ships.
- VIKING LINE, STENA LINE, TALLINK-SILJA LINE, FINNLINES, TT LINE
- DFDS SEAWAYS, P&O FERRIES, BRITTANY FERRIES, IRISH FERRIES
- COLOR LINE, BALEARIA, MOBY LINES, GRIMALDI LINES
- GNV (Grandi Navi Veloci), TIRRENIA, SNCM (Maritima Ferries)
- TRASMEDITERRANEA, CORSICA-SARDINIA FERRIES, CORSICA linea, NAVIERA ARMAS (Canary Islands)
- MINOAN LINES, HELLENIC SEAWAYS, BLUE STAR FERRIES, SUPERFAST FERRIES
- ANEK LINES, NEL LINES
- BC FERRIES
- Norwegian ferries (COLOR LINE, FJORD LINE, FJORD1 LINE, Hurtigruten (cruise line), HAVILA)
- plus small-fleet companies - DESTINATION GOTLAND, CONDOR FERRIES, POLFERRIES, NORTHLINK FERRIES (Scotland), MARINE ATLANTIC, ECKERO LINE, TT-LINE Tasmania
The Greek company Attica Holdings SA (aka Attica Group, 1918-founded) fully owns as subsidiaries Superfast Ferries, Blue Star Ferries and Hellenic Seaways (since June 2018).
Based on FY2016 data, the largest European ferry companies (by fleet tonnage, berths, annual revenue) were ranked as follows:
|Company||Fleet GT (gross tons)||Fleet Beds||Revenue (EUR)|
|Stena Line||909,412||16,847||1,335 billion|
|DFDS Seaways||412,722||-||1,805 billion|
|Viking Line||-||14,026||530 million|
RoRo vessels (roll-on / roll-off) as types can be ferries, cruise ferries (with passenger cabins), cargo ships and freight barges. Ro-Ro ships used exclusively for vehicles transportation (cars and trucks) are categorized as PCC ("Pure Car Carriers") and PCTC ("Pure Truck and Car Carriers").
ROPAX ("roll-on / roll-off passenger" is a RoRo ship built for vehicle transport and passenger staterooms (inside and outside). RoRo vessels with capacity 500+ passengers are categorized as "cruise ferries".
Unlike other cargoes measured in metric tons, ro-ro cargoes are wheeled and measured in lane meters (LIMs). LIMs per ship is calculated by multiplying vehicle length (in meters) by the number of cargo decks and by the width in lanes (differs from ship to ship). Most common types of wheeled cargoes on ferries are automobiles, lorries, semi-trailer trucks, trailers, railroad cars. These vehicles are driven on/off the ferry on their own wheels, and some use a platform vehicle (tug master).
Some vessels are owned by one company and operated under time charter by another. Often, during the ship charter period, the vessel's name is changed.
The legal definition for a ferry is a continuation (prolongation) of a road over a navigable waterway. Ferries as vessels can be categorized as:
- Fast-speed catamaran ferries are generally operated as passenger ships, but the largest of them also carry cars. The most famous catamaran ferry services are in the UK.
- Car ferries are wheeled cargo ships operating on short routes between islands and the mainland. In the USA, car ferries can also carry railway carts.
- RoRo ferries are mainly used in the UK. Most of them are ROPAX ships, and larger vessels are advertised as "cruise ferries" having dedicated bar and seating lounges, as well as passenger cabins.
- Double-ended ferry design allows vehicles to be loaded/unloaded via the ship's both ends (bow and stern). Currently, the world's largest double-ended passenger ferries are owned by BC FERRIES. The Coastal-class sisterships Coastal Celebration, Coastal Inspiration, and Coastal Renaissance were all built in Flensburg Germany. Double-ended ferries are used mainly on short routes (including river crossings) as they save maneuvering time and lower fuel consumption (and risks) before docking. A unique feature for such ships is the doubled propulsion (identical units installed at each end). This results in better stopping power and greater maneuverability in comparison to standard ferries.
All RoRo ships have built-in vehicle ramps allowing the wheeled cargo to be rolled on and off the ship when docked in port. Generally, the term "RORO vessel" is reserved for larger ships. Their ramps and entry doors are either stern-only (aft) or bow and stern (forward and aft, for quicker loading).
- Currently, world's largest by tonnage cruise ferry is Color Magic (launched 2007) with GT tonnage 75,100 tons, LOA length 223,7 m, width 35 m, capacity 550 cars, and 1270 lane meter wheeled cargo (75 trucks).
- Currently, the largest by car capacity cruise ferry is Ulysses (launched 2001) with GT tonnage 50,938 tons, LOA length 209 m, width 32 m, capacity 1342 cars, and 4100 lane meter wheeled cargo (241 trucks).
Domestic ferries in island countries (especially Asia-Pacific region) are often the only possible (affordable) means of transportation. Their passenger ships navigate inland waterways, as well as on coastal and inter-island routes.
Ferry terminals (aka Passenger Terminal and Cruise Terminal) is a seaport/harbor structure serving cruise and ferry passengers' embarkation (boarding) and disembarkation (landing). Depending on the port, passenger terminals have from one to several docks (wharves or piers) to berth one or more vessels simultaneously.
Automated mooring system by Cavotec
In April 2018 was announced that the engineering company Cavotec (headquartered in Lugano, Switzerland) was contracted to install and maintain its automated mooring system MoorMaster at all e-ferry ports in Norway. The project will result in up to 40% CO2 emissions reduction as Norway introduced in 2018 multiple e-ferries. These innovative ships are electrically powered and hybrids (running on LNG and batteries. Many of these ferries already use Cavotec's automated charging interface and vacuum-based auto-mooring technology.
MoorMaster eliminates the need for conventional mooring lines used to secure the ship at berth (after docking). The new system is based on remotely-controlled and mounted quayside vacuum pads that moor and release the e-ferries in just seconds. This reduces both emissions and noise at the terminal. The smart technology also reduces overall capital expenditure and improves safety in port.
On December 4, 2018, harbor ferry Suomenlinna 2 (2004-built, 34 m) was successfully remotely piloted in a test area near Helsinki Harbour. The vessel was retrofitted with ABB's Marine Pilot Control (dynamic positioning system) and controlled from Helsinki.
Autodocking system by Wartsila
In 2018 (January through April), the marine engineering corporation Wartsila successfully tested its autodocking technology (world's first). For the tests (harbor docking trials) was used the Norled-owned hybrid ferry Folgefonn and Wartsila-manufactured wireless charging system.
The autodocking system is activated approx 2 km from berth, then the vessel continues at normal speed. The full-automatic system starts the ship's gradual slowing and finally activates its docking maneuver until it is secured at berth. Upon departure, the system can be used in an identical (reverse) manner.
Vessel's maneuvering is automatically controlled by the autodocking equipment and includes both steering and propulsion, with manual control being possible at any time. Among the benefits for the ship, operators are improved safety (less likelihood of human errors), less wear and tear (thrusters are more efficiently used) and better efficiency (allowing more time at berth).
On December 3, 2018, Rolls-Royce Marine demonstrated the world's first fully autonomous ferry on the route Parainen-Nauvo. In May 2018, Rolls-Royce partnered with Finferries for the SVAN project (Safer Vessel with Autonomous Navigation). For the 400 hours of sea trials (in Turku archipelago) was adopted the 54-m long Falco (double-ended car ferry) fitted with numerous sensors and artificial intelligence software. The autonomous cruise was from Parainen to Nauvo, but the return trip was remotely controlled from Turku (approx 50 km away). Additionally was demonstrated Rolls-Royce's autodocking system.
Cruise ferry is a Ro-Pax passenger vessel that combines passenger ship with RoRo vessel ("roll-on / roll-off"). As all cruise ferries have passenger cabins and restaurants, many travellers book them for multi-day "ferry cruises". Ferry's itinerary allows port stays of only a few hours, but you can also stay onboard and never leave the ship until disembarkation day. However, most passengers book ferries as a means of transportation - inside one country or between neighbouring countries.
Cruise ferry shipping traffic is mainly concentrated in Northern Europe (Baltic Sea and the North Sea), also in the English Channel (between UK and France), Irish Sea, Mediterranean (including between the Italian and French islands, also between Europe and North Africa) and in the North Atlantic (serving Canary Islands, Azores Islands, Faroes, Iceland, Greenland). Numerous cruise ferries also serve the passenger shipping traffic of China, India, Australia, New Zealand, USA, and Canada.
Ferries are extremely popular among holiday travellers and private car owners. These ships are among the largest contributors to the vacation tourism growth in Europe, USA and Canada, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.
Ferry cruise deals
All cruise ferries have passenger staterooms that can be booked for overnights. Most ships offer wheelchair-accessible cabins (for disabled passengers). Some even have dedicated "pet-friendly cabins" (for pet owners) and are equipped with kennels (located on garage decks or Sun Deck).
- Cruise ferry deals could also include land stays (hotel accommodation or campsite chalets).
- Baggage allowance is limited to what passengers can pack in their vehicles.
- Passenger cabins are air-conditioned and fitted with en-suite bathrooms. Cabin types include Inside (4-berth, 2-berth) and Outside (2-3-4-berth).
- Many hotels offer free stays for kids under 12. Onboard children entertainment programs are often available (usually during peak season) with dedicated supervising staff. Newest and larger ferries have indoor kids playrooms, arcades, video games rooms for teens. even a swimming pool.
- All large cruise ferries have buffet restaurants, bistros, reserved seating lounges, cocktail bars, patisserie (bakery/coffee shop), boutiques (premium brand shops), elevators (passenger lifts), sundeck areas.
- Golf ferry breaks are also popular. Golf tournament breaks are also offered.
- Ferry cruise fares are based on departure date, route (itinerary, ports) and time (season). Deposits are required to secure peak season bookings. Prices are higher during peak season (summer), also at weekends and on overnight crossings. Early booking usually offers discounted fares.
Follow our concise reviews of world's biggest cruise ferry companies, which fleets have the world's largest ferries as both size and capacity.
Viking Line (routes, vikingline.com, 1959-founded, headquartered in Mariehamn, Aland Finland) is a Finnish company operating on shipping routes connecting Finland-Aland Islands-Sweden-Estonia. Viking Line was formed via the merger of three Finnish ferry lines - Rederi Ab Vikinglinjen, Rederi Ab Slite, SF Line.
In 1970-1974, Viking Line became Northern Baltic Sea's largest shipping consortium, overtaking Silja Line. Back then were launched five sister-ships (by the German shipbuilder Meyer Werft / Papenburg shipyard). In 1973, the line started operations on the ferry route Turku-Mariehamn-Stockholm, competing with Silja Line directly. In 1974, was opened the Helsinki-Stockholm service. In 1985 was launched world's largest (at the time) ferry, MS Mariella, serving the Helsinki-Stockholm route.
In January 2010 was announced that Viking Line has plans to order a series of two 60,000 GT (LNG-powered) vessels for the Turku-Stockholm route, replacing there Amorella and Isabella. The newbuilds would include many standards for cruise liners features. The projected deliveries were May 2012 and February 2013.
In December 2010, the company signed the official ship order with STX Turku for one cruise ferry (57,000 GT) planned for the route Turku-Stockholm. The new ship (Viking Grace) was launched in August 2012 and started operations in January 2013. The second (optional) sister-vessel from the series was not ordered.
In November 2016, the company signed a letter of intent with the shipyard Xiamen Shipbuilding (China) for building one cruise ferry (63,000 GT) to replace Viking Amorella. The new ship (Viking Glory) will be LNG-powered. The company didn't exercise its option for a second vessel included in the shipbuilding contract (which expired on Jan 1, 2018.
In 2017, VIKING LINE ferried a total of 6,881149 million passengers. Compared to 2016 (6,502191 million) it was a nearly 6% increase. That number was the ever-highest in company's history. The number of ferried cargo units was 127,668 and the number of passenger cars - 762,253 (all-time record). The greatest increase in passenger shipping volumes was on the route Helsinki-Tallinn (during the summer operated with 12 daily departures) - total 2,34144 million pax (15,7% increase).
On April 12, 2018, Viking Grace became world's first passenger ship with a rotor sail utilizing the wind power, and world's first hybrid vessel that uses both wind power and dual-fuel (diesel-gas) engines. The new China-built ferry (still unnamed, delivery 2020) will be fitted with 2 rotor sails.
In 2019, Viking Lineserved 6,300480 million passengers (6,411537 M in 2018). Rosella ship alone served 752,336 pax on the route Mariehamn (Aland)-Kapellskar. Cargo units increased to 133,940 (128,549 in 2018) and also passenger cars - to 714,006 (704,799 in 2018). On the Turku-Aland-Stockholm route were served 1,801692 M pax (1,858880 M in 2018), on the Helsinki-Tallinn route - 1,955318 M pax (1,947952 M in 2018), on the Helsinki-Åland-Stockholm route - 971,968 pax (969,307 in 2018).
Stena Line (routes, stenaline.co.uk, 1962-founded, headquartered in Gothenburg Sweden) is a Scandinavian company and world's largest ferry shipowner and operator. The company provides freight and travel services on Northern Europe's routes that connect UK, Ireland, Denmark, Germany, Latvia, Holland, Norway, Sweden, Poland.
Stena's first operations were Goteborg-Frederikshavn (Sweden-Denmark). In 1972, Stena introduced a computer-based booking system for its cruise ferries. In 1978, the innovative system was implemented for the freight ferries.
In 1981, Stena acquired Sessan Line, including its 2 newbuilds (Kronprinsessan Victoria, Prinsessan Birgitta) - the largest ships Stena ships by that time. In 1983 was acquired Varberg-Grena Linjen (operated separately under the Lion Ferry brand until 1997). In 1989 was acquired SMZ (Stoomvaart Maatschappij Zeeland) operating as Crown Line. In 1990 was acquired Sealink British Ferries (owned by Sea Containers), which was rebranded to Stena Line UK and currently operates all Stena ferries on the routes Ireland-UK. In 2000 was acquired Scandlines.
In 1996, Stena launched its 3 high-speed newbuilds (pax capacity 1500) on the routes Belfast-Stranraer, Holyhead-Dun Laoghaire and Hoek van Holland-Harwich. One smaller high-speed ship (pax capacity 900) was launched on the route Goteborg-Frederikshavn.
In 1998, Stena merged its Dover-Newhaven operations with "P&O European Ferries" and formed the joint venture "P&O Stena Line" (40% Stena, 60% PandO). In 2002, PandO bought out Stena's shares and became sole owner of the company, which was renamed to "P&O Ferries".
In November 2006, Stena placed an order for 2 superferries (company's largest, GT 62,000 tons). In 2010, the shipbuilder Aker Yards (now STX Europe) delivered the sisterships Stena Hollandica (May 16) and Stena Britannica (October 9). The new ferries were deployed on the North Sea route Hoek van Holland-Harwich.
In 2010, Stena acquired the Northern Ireland operations of DFDS on the route Belfast-Heysham-Birkenhead. In 2012 Stena launched Superfast 7 and Superfast 8 on the route Belfast-Stranraer. In 2014, Stena acquired Celtic Link's service Rosslare Europort-Cherbourg. On its Irish Sea routes, Stena ferries approx 3 million passengers annually - more than its rivals combined.
In 2012-2017, STENA's Belfast ferry services (to Cairnryan, Liverpool, Heysham) grew by 15% (car volumes), 13% (passenger traffic) and 19% (freight traffic). STENA LINE operates from Belfast with 7 ships and 22 daily crossings.
In 2017, the company ordered all 6 vessels (sisterships of the E-Flexer series) from AVIC Weihai Shipyard (China). Each has capacity 1000 pax, 120 cars, 3100 lanemeters (210 trailers). Deliveries were planned for 2020-2022.
In June 2018, STENA partnered with Hitachi to implement fleetwide artificial intelligence technology for reducing fuel consumption costs. In 2019 Stena RoRo purchased from Hankyu Ferry (Japan) the ship Yamato (2003-built, IMO 9263150). The vessel was drydock-rebuilt in Europe, then chartered out (2020).
STENA is Irish Sea's largest ferry company, with the biggest fleet and the most Ireland-UK routes (228 weekly crossings). The company also serves the routes Dublin-Holyhead (Isle of Anglesey, Wales UK) and Rosslare-Fishguard (Wales UK) and offers direct service Rosslare-Cherbourg (France) (3 return crossings weekly).
Stena Line's current fleet includes Mecklenburg Vorpommern, Scottish Viking, Stena Adventurer, Stena Baltica, Stena Britannica, EFlexer (Estrid, Edda, Embla), Stena Europe, Stena Flavia, Stena Germanica, Stena Hollandica, Stena Horizon, Stena Jutlandica, Stena Lagan, Stena Mersey, Stena Nautica, Stena Saga, Stena Scandinavica, Stena Skane, Stena Spirit, Stena Superfast VII, Stena Superfast VIII, Stena Superfast X (Nepita), Stena Vision.
TT LINE (routes, ttline.com, 1962-founded, headquartered in Lubeck, Germany) is a ferry company operating in Baltic Sea (on the Sweden-Germany routes Trelleborg-Travemunde and Trelleborg-Rostock) and Sweden-Poland (Trelleborg-Swinoujscie).
Company's name "TT-Line GmbH" is abbrev from "Travemunde-Trelleborg Line". TT LINE's Sweden-Germany service (Trelleborg-Travemunde) is since 1962. In 1978, the company acquired 50% of Olau Line (Denmark), and the remaining stocks were purchased in 1979. Olau Line was operational between 1956-1994, and between 1974-1994 linked UK and Holland (Sheerness-Vlissingen).
In 1980, TT LINE and Saga Linjen (Swedish State Railways' subsidiary) established the "TT Saga Line" brand. With 6 ships, it linked Travemunde with Trelleborg, Malmo, and Helsingborg. In 1982 the Malmo and Helsingborg services were discontinued, and in 1991 Saga Linjen was closed.
In 1992 was started the Trelleborg-Rostock service with 50% stockholder DSR (Deutsche Seereederei). The re-branded company ("TR-Line") was fully acquired in 1996 and renamed "TT Line".
In 2006, the company's headquarters were moved from Hamburg to Lubeck. In January 2014 was started the Sweden-Poland service Trelleborg-Swinoujscie. In June 2017 was started the Denmark-Poland service Ronne-Swinoujscie.
In July 2010, DFDS acquired Norfolkline (Maersk-owned ferry shipping and logistics company) and merged its other divisions ("DFDS Tor Line" and "DFDS Lisco") into "DFDS Seaways".
Norfolkline (1961-founded) provided cargo ferry services in Northern Europe (English Channel, Irish Sea, North Sea), as well as passenger ferry shipping (English Channel, Irish Sea) and logistics services. Upon acquisition, Norfolkline had 2200+ employees and offices in 13 European countries. Norfolkline's fleet consisted of 18 vessels, plus hundreds of trailers (including refrigerated, dry-cargo, swap-body). In 2006, the company handled 1,5+ million ferry passengers on the routes Dover-Dunkirk, Liverpool-Belfast and Liverpool-Dublin.
In February 2012 was launched the route Dover-Calais. In 2015, DFDS changed its logo. The first ships on which hulls it was introduced were Cote des Dunes and Cote des Flandres. All other fleet mates will soon lose their current name's suffix "Seaways" and will be renamed.
2017 was a record year with operating profit of DKK 2.7 billion. The increased volumes were partially based on DFDS' 10 North Sea freight routes (7% increase over 2016). In 2017, the company ordered 4 RoPax newbuilds (capacity 475 trailers each) specifically for North Sea crossings. The ferries were ordered to the Jinling Shipyard (China) with scheduled deliveries 2019 and onwards.
In 2018, DFDS invested around DKK 100 million (USD 16,5 million) in further development of company's digital capabilities, new online booking systems (serving passenger-shipping-logistics), new mobile apps (serving passengers-drivers-freight customers).
On April 12, 2018, DFDS acquired 98,8% of Turkey's largest freight shipping company "UN Ro-Ro Anasayfa" for EUR 950 million. UN Ro-Ro serves 5 Mediterranean routes connecting Turkey with Greece (Patras), Italy (Trieste, Bari) and France (Toulon), 12 vessels, 3 port terminals (Trieste, Ambarli, Pendik-Istanbul), annual revenue EUR 240 million and around 500 employees.
In May 2019, DFDS and Stora Enso Oyj (1998-founded Finnish manufacturer of paper-pulp-forest products-biomaterials) signed a 5-year agreement (+3y optional) for shipping ~700,000 tons of cargo via DFDS ships on new Sweden-Belgium route Goteborg-Zeebrugge/Ghent. Stora Enso's annual sales are ~EUR 10,5 billion. The Goteborg-Zeebrugge line was opened in June 2019, with 3 ships and 5 weekly departures (in each direction).
DFDS Seaways current fleet includes Athena Seaways, Calais Seaways, Cote D'Albatre, Cote des Dunes, Cote des Flandres, Crown Seaways, Delft Seaways, Dover Seaways, Dunkerque Seaways, King Seaways, Liverpool Seaways, Optima Seaways, Patria Seaways, Pearl Seaways, Princess Seaways, Regina Seaways, Seven Sisters, Victoria Seaways.
Brittany Ferries (routes, brittanyferries.com, 1972-founded, headquartered in Roscoff France) is a French ferry company operating on the shipping routes France-UK and France-Spain. Brittany Ferries is among the largest ferry and cruise tour operators from UK and Ireland to France and Spain. Deals are bookable through travel agents and directly online (except golf breaks).
Brittany Ferries started operations in January 1973 with the Plymouth-Roscoff service, soon expanded with the lines to Saint-Malo, Santander, and Cork. In 1985 was acquired Truckline Ferries (freight-only operator with 2 ships serving Poole-Cherbourg. In 1986 were introduced the routes Caen-Portsmouth and Caen-Poole. In 1989 started the Cork-Santander service.
- In 2001 was added the fast-ferry service Poole-Cherbourg via a partnership with Condor Ferries.
- Freight-only services were started in 2007 (Poole-Cherbourg), 2009 (Poole-Santander) and 2016 (Poole-Bilbao).
- In 2011 was inaugurated the Portsmouth-Bilbao line.
- On May 13, 2011, was officially opened the Portsmouth Continental Ferry Port - a new terminal used by cruise companies, Condor Ferries (to Channel Islands) and Brittany Ferries.
- In May 2013 was introduced the route Portsmouth-Le Havre.
- In 2018 were confirmed two STENA LINE-charter deals for two Stena E-Flexer class ships (Galicia, Salamanca), with buy-option after their 5-year charters. In April 2018 was started the Cork-Santander line (terminated in 2020). In October was revealed a new logo to be implemented fleetwide during drydocks in 2018-2019-2020.
- As of 2018, Brittany Ferries operates 12 liners on 11 routes, and has annual capacity is ~2.5 million passengers (85% British) plus ~210,000 wheeled freight units. In 2018, Brittany Ferries invested GBP 450 million in fleetwide renovations plus three LNG-powered newbuilds (launches in 2019-2020-2021).
The company sells the following 4 main products (all are ferry travel-inclusive):
- Land Accommodations (cottages and villas in France and northern Spain)
- Hotel Breaks (to France, Spain, and Portugal, including the hotel- chains Paradores and Pousadas, car tours, B&B hotels, apartment rentals in Portugal and southern Spain)
- Family Holidays (apartments, chalets on 5 campsites in northern Portugal, holiday resorts in France and northern Spain)
- Golf Breaks (courses in France and northern Spain)
On October 24, 2016, the company announced plans to build a new LNG-powered cruise ferry for the UK-France route Portsmouth-Caen. On December 21, 2016, was released the vessel's design (project "Mont St Michel 2") - capacity 1680 passengers and 550 cars (or 130 freight vehicles) and gross tonnage 42,000 tons. The shipbuilder is Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft (shipyard Flensburg Germany) - scheduled delivery April 30, 2019.
In May 2018 was started (the first ever) direct link Ireland-Spain (Cork-Santander) with 2 weekly return-crossings, plus 1 weekly return-crossing from Cork to Roscoff. In 2018, the company also celebrated its 40th year of operations in Ireland (since 1978, on the route Cork-Roscoff).
The company's 2019 schedule was expanded with 19 more weekly return-crossings to 3 English Channel - Roscoff to Plymouth, Cherbourg to Poole and Le Havre to Portsmouth. As requested by UK's Department for Transport, the additional crossings increased the company's freight capacity by ~50%, and cross-channel's overall capacity by 30%.
Brittany Ferries fleet includes Armorique, Baie de Seine, Barfleur, Bretagne, Cap Finistere, Connemara, Etretat, Mont St Michel, Normandie, Pont Aven, E-Flexer (Honfleur 2019, Galicia 2021, Salamanca 2022), Santona 2023). Annually, the company serves ~2,5 million passengers and ~210,000 freight vehicles.
In mid-November 2019, Brittany Ferries and ESIF (Columbia Threadneedle European Sustainable Infrastructure Fund / equity fund part of Columbia Threadneedle Investments UK) signed an agreement to acquire Condor Ferries from MIRA (Macquarie Infrastructure and Real Assets Ltd). The company was owned by MIRA via its subsidiary Commodore Group (part of Macquarie Group).
CONDOR FERRIES (condorferries.co.uk, 1964-founded, headquarters St Peter Port, Guernsey) offers passenger and freight ferry services between UK-France and the Channel Islands - Jersey (St Helier Port) and Guernsey (St Peter Port). Condor Ferries current fleet includes the fast ferries (high-speed catamarans) Condor Rapide and Condor Liberation and the ships Commodore Clipper and Commodore Goodwill on the routes Poole England-Channel Islands, Portsmouth England-Channel Islands, St Malo France-Channel Islands, and the inter-island service Guernsey-Jersey.
Annually, Condor Ferries serves ~1 million passengers, ~55,000 freight units and ~200,000 passenger vehicles.
BC FERRIES (routes, bcferries.com, 1960-founded, headquartered in Victoria, BC Canada) is a Canadian state-owned company. "British Columbia Ferry Services Inc" provides daily scheduled passenger and vehicle (RoPax) ferry services between mainland Canada and British Columbia (BC) islands. BC's inland ferries (on lakes and rivers) are run by the state's Ministry of Transportation.
Currently, the company is ranked North America's largest (followed by "Washington State Ferries") and world's 3rd largest passenger ferry line.
In 2008, the company launched three Coastal-class vessels (the sisterships Coastal Renaissance, Coastal Inspiration, Coastal Celebration) ranked as world's largest double-ended passenger ferries (max capacity 1650 pax, 370 cars). Fleet's largest by passenger capacity (2100 pax, 358 cars) are the two Spirit-class ships (Spirit of British Columbia, Spirit of Vancouver Island).
In April 2018 was reinstituted the seniors discount - passengers 65+ yo travel for free (Monday through Thursday) on most routes.
On October 5, 2018, the company issued an REOI (Request for Expressions of Interest) for the building of 5 new ships. The competitive bidding was open to shipyards worldwide. The newbuilds will enter service in 2023 on the routes Metro Vancouver-Vancouver Island.
In March 2019, BC Ferries announced plans for building up to 5 new ships - replacing 4 existing (New Westminster, Alberni, Coquitlam, Cowichan) and adding capacity to the route Metro Vancouver-Vancouver Island. The newbuilds enter service in mid-2020.
BC FERRIES' current fleet consists of 36 vessels (total capacity 27,000+ passengers and crew) and serves 47 locations along BC Canada's coast. Fleet's car capacity ranges from 16 to 470 (superferries). In 2008-2018, BC Ferries spent CAD 1+ billion at the BC Canada shipyards Vancouver Drydock (Seaspan), Point Hope Maritime (Victoria BC), Esquimalt Drydock (Esquimalt BC), Esquimalt Graving Dock (Victoria BC), Allied Shipbuilders (North Vancouver), Deas Dock (Fleet Maintenance Unit, Richmond BC). BC Ferries contracts local suppliers for fleetwide upgrades, including repairs, drydocking, refits. BC Ferries spends ~$200 million annually on ships, port terminals, and technologies, generates ~$100 million in Gov taxes, supports 5100+ local jobs.
P&O Ferries (routes, poferries.com, 2002-founded, headquartered in Dover England) is a UK ferry company operating on the shipping routes UK-France, UK-Ireland, UK-Holland (mini-cruises), UK-Belgium (mini-cruises) and Scotland-Northern Ireland.
In 2006, P&O Group was sold to DP World - Dubai-based company that owns and operates inland and port terminals worldwide, also specializes in maritime services and logistics.
In September 2010, PandO closed the ferry route Portsmouth-Bilbao, which coincided with the Pride of Bilbao (now Princess Anastasia) ship charter's ending. This was the last PO service from Portsmouth, following the closures of the routes Portsmouth-Cherbourg and Portsmouth-Caen (in 2004) and Portsmouth-Le Havre Paris (in 2005).
The cheapest PandO mini-cruise ferry deals are 3-day / 2-night voyages from the UK to Holland and Belgium. Themed as "city breaks", PO mini cruise deals offer roundtrip departures from Hull to either Rotterdam (Amsterdam) or Zeebrugge (Brugge). Longer city breaks (duration up to 7-days / 6-nights) offer roundtrips to Hamburg (Germany), Bilbao (Spain), and La Rochelle (France). On mini cruises from the UK, PandO ferry passengers receive boarding cards (doubling as meal vouchers), cabin keycard and booklets with vouchers (for return check-in and bus transfers / if any). Boarding card with a suitcase icon on it means passengers can leave their luggage in the stateroom while disembarking the ship. This feature, however, must be confirmed at check-in.
In June 2018, PandO increased by 1/4 its freight shipping capacity (to about 125,000 units annually) on the Belgium-UK route Zeebrugge-Teesport. Teesport (owned by PD Ports) opened a new rail connection to Mossend (near Glasgow England).
In February 2019, DP World PLC (Dubai) acquired P&O Ferries (pan-European logistics) and P&O Ferrymasters (supply chain solutions in Europe) for GBP 322 million (USD 421m). PO Ferries' FY2017 reports included revenue GBP 1,1 billion (USD 1,4bn) and EBITDA GBP 100 million (USD 131m).
In 2019-2020, the company will build Tilbury2 ferry terminal - an exclusive deepwater berth at Thames River. The new terminal (building cost GBP 150 million) has annual freight capacity of 600,000 units. The facility is at 152 acres site (part of former "Tilbury Power Station") and linked directly to A13 (via new road).
PO Ferries current fleet includes European Causeway, European Highlander, Pride of Bruges, Pride of Burgundy, Pride of Canterbury, Pride of Hull, Pride of Kent, Pride of Rotterdam, Pride of York, Spirit of Britain, Spirit of France.
Tallink-Silja (routes, tallinksilja.com, 1989-founded, headquartered in Tallinn Estonia) is an Estonian ferry shipping company, ranked by fleet tonnage and capacity as Baltic Sea's largest. These are actually two brands - Tallink (parent company) and the subsidiary Silja Line. Tallink-Silja ships connect directly Estonia with Finland and Sweden. there are also direct connections from Sweden to Finland and Latvia.
Currently, Tallink-Silja deals offer 1-2 overnight cruises, hotel, and travel packages, city breaks, daily passenger and cargo shipping and high-speed ferry shuttle services.
Company's history goes back to the USSR's (Soviet Union) times when in 1965 was established the Estonian Shipping Company to provide passenger ferry service on the route Helsinki-Tallinn. Year-round operations started in 1968.
In 2006, AS Tallink Grupp purchased from Attica Group the Baltic services of Superfast Ferries for EUR 310 million. Then was opened the route Riga-Stockholm. Also in 2006, Tallink purchased from Sea Containers Ltd the Finnish company Silja Line for EUR 470 million.
In August 2011, the ships Superfast VIII and Superfast VII were chartered to Stena Line for 3 years (until 2014), with optional 1-year charter extension. Stena Line deployed both ferries on Scotland-Northern Ireland routes.
In 2014, Tallink's asset base EUR 1,7 billion, of which EUR 1,02 billion in newbuilds and EUR 780 million in acquisitions. The loans were EUR 440 million. Company's annual spending on ship refurbishments and fleet upgrades are around EUR 30 million.
In February 2015 was signed the shipbuilding contract with Meyer Turku for Megastar (2017) and in March 2018 with Rauma Marine Constructions for MySTAR (2022). Both newbuilds are company's largest (GT 50,000), LNG-powered and with passenger capacity 2800 (each).
In 2016, Tallink operated a fleet of 16 vessels and 5 hotels. Company's annual revenue was EUR 938 million. Its number of employees was 7000, annual passenger capacity 9,5 million, annual cargo capacity 328,000 units. Of company's total revenue, over 1/2 is from restaurant and duty-free shop sales, and 1/4 from ticket sales.
FY2017 Tallink Grupp ferried 9,755720 million passengers (+3,2% over 2016) and total 364,296 wheeled cargo units (+11%). The Estonia-Sweden route served 1,013007 million passengers. The Latvia-Sweden traffic increased 45,8%. The Estonia-Finland traffic increased 11,6%.
In FY2019, Tallink Grupp served the record 9,763210 million passengers (0,1% increase over 2018's 9,756611 million). The number included 2,894494 M (Finland-Sweden routes), 5,115602 M (Finland-Estonia), 0,799961 M (Latvia-Sweden), 0,953153 M (Estonia-Sweden)
Tallink-Silja current fleet includes Baltic Princess, Baltic Queen, Tallink Isabelle, Tallink Megastar, Tallink MySTAR, Tallink Star, Romantika, Silja Europa, Silja Galaxy, Silja Serenade, Silja Symphony, Tallink Victoria. Under charter are operated Stena Superfast 7 and Stena Superfast 8 (both till 2019).
Finnlines (routes, finnlines.com, 1947-founded, headquartered in Helsinki Finland, part of Grimaldi Group) provides passenger and ro-ro ferry services predominantly in Northern Europe (Baltic Sea and the North Sea). Finnlines ferries connect the countries Finland, Russia, Sweden, Germany, Poland, Denmark, Holland, Belgium, UK, Spain.
The company was founded as a Merivienti Oy ("Sea Export Ltd") subsidiary for Transatlantic freight (mainly forest industry products) service between Finland and USA. The passenger ferry service started in 1962 on the -Finland-Sweden-Germany route Hanko-Visby-Travemunde.
In 1973 was ordered the Wartsila Helsinki shipyard-made ship GTS Finnjet - at the time world's largest and fastest ship (GT 24605 tons, length 213 m, speed 31kn / 57 kph / 36 mph). The vessel entered service in May 1977 on the route Helsinki-Travemunde (crossing time was 22 hours).
In 2004, the brands Finnlink and NordoLink were merged into Finnlines. Also in 2004 were placed shipbuilding orders for 5 large Star-class ferries (from Fincantieri, Italy - shipyards Ancona and Castellammare di Stabia) delivered in 2006 and 2007. In August 2007, Finnlines ordered 6 new ice-classed ships (from CSC Jinling Shipyard, Jiangsu China), with planned deliveries in 2010 and 2011.
In the period 1999-2001 were delivered the 4 Seapacer-class ships (built by Astilleros Espanoles in Cadiz / Puerto Real shipyard) - Finnclipper, Finneagle, Stena Britannica (Finnfellow) and Stena Germanica - all with ice-strengthened hulls.
In January 2007, Finnlines' largest shareholder Grimaldi Group expressed its intention to purchase the entire company. Grimaldi completed Finnlines acquisition (100% ownership) in August 2016.
In the period October 2017-May 2018, Finnlines completed a ship lengthening project for all 6 ice-class "1A" RoRo vessels of the "Finnbreeze series" (Finnsky, Finnsun, Finntide, Finnwave, Finnbreeze, Finnsea). Each of these Nanjing China-built vessels was enlarged by adding an approx 30 m long midship section. Following the EUR 90 million budgeted vessel reconstruction program, each ship's capacity was increased by 30% (from 3291 to 4213 lane metres). The drydock refits were done at Remontowa shipyard (Gdansk Poland).
For FY 2017 (fiscal year) Finnlines Group reported a record year with over 21% increase (over 2016) or EUR 82,7 million revenue. Finland's sea freight volumes in 2017 grew by 12%. In the period 2007-2017, the company spent EUR 1+ billion on fleet renovation and port infrastructure projects.
In May 2018, Finnlines and CSC Jinling Shipyard (China) signed a shipbuilding contract for 3 new Ro-Ro ships with scheduled deliveries 2021-2023. Order's total cost was ~EUR 200 million. Each vessel has capacity 5800 lanemeters (1160 cars or 340 trucks), DWT 17400 tons, LOA length 238 m, car decks area 5600 m2, container capacity 300 TEUs (stored on weather deck), 1A-Super (highest) ice-class, scrubbers, hybrid engines (MDO and electricity in port / using lithium-ion batteries recharged during crossings), under-keel "air lubrication system" (creating bubble layers to reduce friction. The main deck features strengthened bulkheads and no pillars. Ship design is by Knud E Hansen.
In May 2018, Finnlines started a direct (weekly) cargo service between Helsinki and Aarhus (Denmark). Turku is available via transhipment in Travemunde. Departures from Helsinki are on Thursdays, Sundays departures from Helsinki to Aarhus are via Travemunde (arrival Tuesday morning).
Color Line (routes, colorline.com, 1990-founded, headquartered in Oslo Norway) is a Norwegian ferry company operating on passenger and cargo shipping routes between Norway and Sweden, Germany and Denmark.
Color Line is Norway's largest cruise ferry operator (as fleet capacity) and also one Europe's leading companies in terms of fleet age (all newbuilds/the year 2000 onward) and shipboard amenities (staterooms, shops, bars, restaurants, lounge entertainment). The company has offices in Norway (Oslo / main, Kristiansand, Sandefjord, Larvik), Germany (Kiel), Denmark (Hirtshals) and Sweden (Stromstad).
The company was established following the 1990 merger of the Norwegian ferry companies Jahre Line and Norway Line. Jahre Line operated on the route Oslo-Kiel since 1961. Norway Line operated since 1986 on routes connecting Norway with the UK and Holland Also in 1990, the newly formed Color Line acquired Fred Olsen Lines along with hits operations between Norway and Denmark.
In the 1990s the company expanded its fleet by buying larger second-hand ferries In October 1996. Color Line acquired Larvik Line and its Norway-Denmark services. In September 1998 were acquired the companies Color Hotel Skagen and Scandi Line (operating on short Norway-Sweden routes). At the end of 1998, Color Line sold its Norway-UK operations to Fjord Line. In 1999 was acquired the Scandi Line and renamed Color Scandi Line.
In May 2008 the Oslo-Hirtshals route was officially closed
In January 2017, Color Line signed a letter of intent with the shipyard Ulstein Verft (Ulsteinvik Norway) for building a new cruise ferry (Color Hybrid, scheduled delivery in May 2019) for the route Sandefjord-Stromstad. To support the new ferry, COLOR LINE installed in 2017 shore-to-ship power facilities in the ports Oslo, Kristiansand, Larvik and Sandefjord (where will be charged ship's batteries).
Since January 1, 2019, the Norway-Germany route (Oslo-Kiel) is served with 3 weekly roundtrips by Finncarrier (freight RoRo ship, capacity 1775 lane meters / 120 trucks) and the cruise ferries Color Magic and Color Fantasy.
Currently, COLOR LINE is the only cargo-passenger shipping company with Norwegian-flagged vessels serving international traffic with regularly scheduled crossings to/from Norway.
Moby Lines (routes, mobylines.com, 1959-founded, headquartered in Milan Italy) is an Italian ferry company operating on shipping routes that connect mainland Italy and France with the Mediterranean islands Corsica, Elba, and Sardinia. The company is best known for using for its ships' interior decorations Warner Bros patented Looney Tunes characters.
Since 1996, Moby fleet was radically expanded with newbuilt, larger and faster vessels.
In 2003, the parent company (shipowner) Onorato Armatori SpA signed an exclusive agreement with Warner Bros (a division of Time Warner Corporation) to paint largest Moby ships' hulls with Looney Tunes-themed liveries.
In February 2018, MSC Group and MOBY LINES signed a shipbuilding contract with the Chinese companies GSI (Guangzhou Shipyard International) and CSTC (China Shipbuilding Trading Co) for 4 new luxury cruise ferries. Each ship has passenger capacity 2500, cargo capacity 3765 lane meters (750 cars or 250 trailers), length 230 m (755 ft) and speed 24 knots. The contract includes the option for an additional 4 ships of the same design. Two of the newbuilds (1st and 3rd) are for GNV, the other two (2nd and 4th) - for MOBY LINES. First ship's delivery was scheduled for 2020. Both Chinese shipbuilders are subsidiaries of the state-owned corporation CSSC (China State Shipbuilding Corporation).
Grimaldi Lines (routes, grimaldi-lines.com, 1999-founded, headquartered in Civitavecchia-Rome, Italy) is an Italian shipping company operating mainly on Mediterranean shipping routes connecting mainland Italy with Sardinia, Sicily, Spain, Greece, Morocco, Tunisia. The company is a subsidiary of Grimaldi Group (1947-founded).
The company was founded for shipping services within the "Autostrade del Mare" ("Motorways of the Sea" - development project aiming to improve the European Union's maritime transportation links.
The company started the first freight ferry connections between Italy, Spain, and Malta, and since 2000 carries passengers on routes connecting Italy (ports Civitavecchia and Salerno) with Sicily (Palermo), Spain (Barcelona), France (Toulon), Corsica Island (Porto Vecchio) and Tunisia (Tunis). With the years were added lines to Sardinia Island, Greece, and Morocco.
Grimaldi Lines current fleet includes Cruise Ausonia, Cruise Barcelona, Cruise Bonaria, Cruise Olbia, Cruise Roma, Cruise Smeralda, Euroferry Corfu, Euroferry Egnazia, Euroferry Olympia, Europalink, Florencia, Mykonos Palace, Zeus Palace.
Grandi Navi Veloci (routes, gnv.it, 1992-founded, headquartered in Genoa Italy) is an Italian company which ferries connect mainland Italy and Sicily with France, Sardinia Island, Albania, Morocco, Tunisia. The company was founded by Aldo Grimaldi as a Grimaldi Group subsidiary, with operations since 1993 (Genoa-Palermo Sicily route).
The sisterships Majestic (1993) and Splendid (1994) were the first-ever Italian cruise ferries.
The ferries La Superba (2002) and La Suprema (2003) were the Mediterranean's largest at that time.
The fleet expansion in 2008 added 3 ro-ro cargo vessels (Audacia, Tenacia, Coraggio) serving the newly opened Genoa-Barcelona-Tangier route.
In 2009, GNV became fully independent from Grimaldi Group, and in 2010 was acquired by MSC Group. In 2010, GNV merged with SNAV (Societa Navigazione Alta Velocita), which was also an MSC subsidiary. In 2012 were opened new routes between Italy and France (Sete) and Italy-Morocco (Tangier, Nador).
In December 2014, Grimaldi Holding sold the Courage-class ship Audacia to the Chinese (Hong Kong-based) Rizhao Port Shipping Company Ltd. The boat was renamed "Rizhao Orient" and started service between China and South Korea (Rizhao-Pyeongtaek). In 2015 was opened the Italy-Albania (Durres-Tirana) route.
In February 2018, MSC Group and MOBY LINES signed a shipbuilding contract with the Chinese companies GSI (Guangzhou Shipyard International) and CSTC (China Shipbuilding Trading Co) for 4 new luxury cruise ferries. Each ship has passenger capacity 2500 (536 cabins), cargo capacity 3765 lane meters (750 cars or 250 trailers), length 230 m (755 ft) and speed 24 knots. The contract includes the option for an additional 4 ships of the same design. Two of the new ships (1st and 3rd) are for GNV, the other two (2nd and 4th) - for MOBY LINES. First ship's delivery was scheduled for 2020. Both Chinese shipbuilders are subsidiaries of the state-owned corporation CSSC (China State Shipbuilding Corporation).
Tirrenia Navigazione (routes, tirrenia.it, 1936-founded, headquartered in Naples Italy and Cagliari Sardinia) is a privately-owned ferry company contracted by Italy's Ministry of Transportation to provide regularly scheduled shipping services between mainland Italy and the country's main islands. The company serves exclusively domestic routes.
The company was founded following the 1936 nationalization of privately-owned Italian shipping lines. After WW2 (1939-1945), its few surviving vessels were used to interlink the largest Italian islands (mainly Sardinia) with mainland Italy.
On December 23, 2009, the company was put on the market. Among the 16 bidding companies were SNAV, GNV, Grimaldi Lines, Moby Lines, Corsica-Sardinia Ferries, Mediterranea Holding. The latter ended up alone when al other bidders quit, and on July 28, 2010, won the bidding for Tirrenia and its subdivision Siremar (Sicilia Regionale Marittima). On August 4 was announced that the sale is off as Mediterranea Holding didn't show up for the signing.
Until 2010, Siremar served the routes between Sicily and the Italian islands Aeolian, Aegadian, Ustica, Lampedusa and Pantelleria.
In November 2008, the Italian government started procedures for Tirrenia's privatization. On May 18, 2011, the second purchase tender was won by CIN (Compagnia Italiana di Navigazione). CIN was a new company (formed specifically for Tirrenia's privatization), composed of Grimaldi Group, Moby Lines (Vincenzo Onorato) and Marinvest (Gianluigi Aponte). In April 2012, CIN and private investors (Alexis Tomasos) won the tender and on June 21, the state-owned company was officially privatized. The EU Antitrust Authority's decision to agree with CIN's dominant position led to the exit of Grimaldi Group, Moby Lines and Alexis Tomasos. On July 19, CIN officially became the company's owner.
Annually, Tirrenia Navigazione makes numerous crossings (around 60,000) by newbuild, high-speed ferries. The annual number of served passengers is around 13 million, ferried cars are around 2 million. Fleet's annual mileage is also impressive - around 6.5 million km (4 million ml). On the most popular routes, ferries capacity is around 2700 passengers (900 cars). During summer (high season), these boats cruise at speeds up to 55 kph / 35 mph.
Irish Ferries (routes, irishferries.com, 1992-founded, headquartered in Dublin Ireland) is a division of ICG (Irish Continental Group) operating passenger and freight shipping on routes between Ireland, UK, and Europe.
ICG (1972-founded as Irish Continental Line) also operates terminal facilities in Dublin (Ferryport Terminals) and Belfast (Container Terminal). Until 1992, when ICG acquired the state-owned B&I Line (British and Irish Steam Packet Company), ICG operated only on routes between Ireland and Europe. Following the acquisition of B&I Line, services were expanded to include short links Ireland-UK. ICG's container shipping and port operations were also extended. Company's fleet was fully modernized by replacing all existing vessels with newbuilds (a EUR 500 million investment project).
In 2016, ICG signed an agreement with the shipbuilder FSG (Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesselschaft) for a future cruise ferry building order. At contract price EUR 144 million, the new ship (scheduled delivery May 2018) is designed with pax-crew capacity 1885, 435 cabins (4 cabin decks, balcony suites), 165 freight vehicles (2800 lane meters), additional car deck (total capacity 300 cars). The new ship will have bars, restaurants (a la carte and self-service), Club Class passengers dedicated lounge (direct access from car decks), 2 cinemas, freight drivers-only facilities, retail shops, pet facilities. The ship will be powered by 4 diesel engines (total power output 33,6 MW.
After WB Yeats ship delivery, the shipbuilder Flensburg started building a second / larger cruise ferry scheduled for delivery in 2020. The newbuild was commissioned in mid-January 2018 by the parent company Irish Continental Group, at contract price EUR 165,2 million.
Irish Ferries' current fleet includes Isle of Inishmore, Ulysses, Epsilon, WB Yeats. The ferry Isle of Innisfree is currently chartered to Interislander (KiwiRail, New Zealand) under the name "Kaitaki". In January 2018, HSC Jonathan Swift (fast catamaran ferry, aka Dublin Swift) was sold to Balearia for EUR 38,8 million. The catamaran was operated on the Dublin-Holyhead route between 1999-2017. It was replaced by Westpac Express (2001-built high-speed catamaran).
Balearia Eurolineas Maritimas (routes, balearia.com, 1998-founded, headquartered in Denia Spain) is a Spanish ferry company operating on Mediterranean shipping routes that connect mainland Spain with the Balearic Islands. Departures are from Barcelona, Denia, and Valencia. The company also operates routes passing Strait of Gibraltar, with departures from Algeciras to Ceuta (Spanish Morocco) and Tangier (Morocco).
In 2011 was introduced the "Balearia Caribbean" brand operating regularly scheduled cruiseferry service between USA and Bahamas (roundtrips from Fort Lauderdale Florida to Freeport, Grand Bahama Island). In March 2015, the high-speed catamaran Pinar del Rio (1992-built) was replaced by the bigger Bahama Mama (2010-built). The Florida-Bahamas service was terminated in 2017.
In 2016, the company signed a shipbuilding contract (value EUR 320 million) for three LNG-powered smart cruise ferries. The shipbuilder is LaNaval Shipyard (Bilbao, Spain). The first 2 ships will be delivered in 2018, the 3rd one - in 2019. Additional EUR 130 million was allocated for terminal upgrades and fleet refurbishments.
In 2016, Balearia started the services Valencia-Mostaganem (Algeria) and Melilla-Malaga-Almeria. In 2017, Balearia transported 3,7+ million passengers and 5,6 million lane meters of cargo (around 330,000 trucks). The fleet of 25 vessels sailed 1,2+ million ml (around 2 million km). The company has 1500+ employees and reported annual turnover EUR 362 million.
In August 2018, the company announced a EUR 60 million (USD 70,2 million) fleet renovation project to convert 5 cruise ferries (by 2020) to run on LNG. The scheduled for drydocks vessels are Abel Matutes, Bahama Mama, Martin i Soler, Napoles, Sicilia. As result, 45,000+ tons of CO2 and 4400 tons of NOx will be reduced annually, plus sulfur and particulates eliminated completely. In August 2018, Balearia acquired Visemar One (for EUR 55 million / USD 62,4 million) expanding the fleet to 26 owned units (out of 30 total).
In late-October 2018, Balearia contracted Caterpillar Marine to install MAK dual-fuel engines on 3 vessels (Abel Matutes, Bahama Mama, Martin I Soler). Engine conversions (by Caterpillar dealer Finanzauto) were scheduled for early-2019. Ship's diesel engines (2x MaK 9M43C) are replaced with 2x MaK 9M46DF (dual-fuel, power output 8,7 MW) used with gearbox and controllable pitch propellers. Caterpillar provided dual-fuel conversion kits and all modules (ignition, ventilation, exhaust gas, and GVU ventilation, valves, housing).
Since August 2019, Baleria Caribbean offers a fast-ferry service from Fort Lauderdale (Florida USA) to Bimini Island (Bahamas), with crossing time ~2 hours. The ship has passenger capacity 650, max speed 38 knots (70 kph / 44 mph) and offers 5 weekly crossings - departures on Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays. Since 2011, Baleria Caribbean also provides daily crossings from Fort Lauderdale to Freeport (Grand Bahama Island).
Balearia's current fleet includes Abel Matutes, Bahama Mama, Denia Ciutat Creativa, Hypatia de Alejandria, Marie Curie, Martin i Soler, Napoles, Nissos Chios, Regina Baltica, Sicilia, Visemar One, Rosalind Franklin (Finnclipper chartered).
Trasmediterranea (routes, trasmediterranea.es, 1916-founded, headquartered in Madrid Spain) is a Spanish company (part of Acciona Group) operating ferries on the routes between mainland Spain and Canary Islands, Balearic Islands and Morocco (northern Africa).
In 1978, the company became a state-owned company, until 2002 when was privatized by the Government. Then the company was acquired by a private consortium (majority shareholder is Acciona Logistica / 60%) and renamed to "Acciona-Trasmediterranea".
Since 1997, Trasmediterranea has its own offices and terminals in Barcelona, Valencia and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. In 2000, the superferries Sorolla and Fortuny were deployed on Spain-Balearic routes. Also in 2000 were opened the Spain-Africa routes Almeria-Nador (Morocco) and Almeria- Ghazaouet (Algeria).
In 2009 was inaugurated the new Barcelona Ferry Terminal (operated by Trasmediterranea in concession until 2029). In 2011 was inaugurated Trasmediterranea Terminal (Cadiz). In August 2012 was created the Trasmediterranea Cruise division to promote ferry cruises leaving roundtrip from homeport Valencia.
Superfast Ferries (routes, corsica-ferries.fr, 1968-founded, headquartered in Bastia France and Vado Ligure Italy) is a major Western Mediterranean shipping company operating between mainland France-Italy and the islands Elba, Corsica, and Sardinia.
Company's current departure ports are in Italy (Livorno, Savona, Piombino) and France (Toulon, Nice). Company's island ports are on Elba (Portoferraio), Corsica (Bastia, Ajaccio, Porto Vecchio, Ile Rousse, Calvi) and Sardinia (Golfo Aranci, Porto Torres).
Created as "Corsica Line", the company is a merger of two sister-brands ("Corsica Ferries" and "Sardinia Ferries") and a subsidiary of Lozali SA (Geneva-based financial holding owned by the Lota family) as a shipowner.
In January 2002 were introduced newly fixed fares for Corsican residents (base rate EUR 5 pp), which was the lowest ever offered on the France-Corsica route. This resulted in traffic boost and increased market share of the company. In 2002 were transported 1,6+ million passengers. In 2005 were transported 2,85+ million passengers to/from Corsica.
In 2015, Corsica Sardinia Ferries transported over 70% of all ferry passengers between Corsica Island and Europe, ranking it far ahead of its main competitors (SNCM, MOBY LINES, La Meridionale) serving this destination.
Corsica-Sardinia Ferries current fleet includes the newer ships (2001-2008 built) Mega Express 1, Mega Express 2, Mega Express 3 and Pascal Lota, the older (1985-1996 built) ships Mega Express 4, Mega Express 5, Mega Andrea, Mega Smeralda, and the old (1972-1974 built) ships Corsica Marina Seconda, Sardinia Vera, Corsica Victoria, Sardinia Regina.
CORSICA LINEA (routes, corsicalinea.com, 2016-founded, headquarters Ajaccio (Corsica Island, France) is a French shipping company operating exclusively on Mediterranean Sea routes connecting mainland France (Marseille) with Corsica Island (France), Sardinia Island (Italy) and North Africa (Arab Maghreb) - Algeria (Algiers) and Tunisia (La Goulette-Tunis).
The company brand was created by Corsica Maritima (Corsican consortium) which in 2016 acquired MCM (Maritime Corse Mediterranee - the successor of SNCM-Societe Nationale Maritime Corse-Mediterranee). Corsica linea SAS started operations in January. Following the merger with MCM (sold by Patrick Rocca for shares in Corsica Maritima), on April 11 (2016) the Maritima Ferries brand was abandoned in favour of "Corsica Linea".
The company has ~900 employees (mainly former SNCM staff/crew). For 2016 was reported EUR 170 million turnover and ~0,5 million handled passengers (~300,000 to/from Corsica and ~200,000 to/from Arab Maghreb). For FY2018, the company reported EUR 200+ million in turnover and Europe-Corsica shipping market share ~15% (passengers) and ~60% (freight).
Corsica Linea's fleet includes the former SNCM ferries Jean Nicoli (1998), Mediterranee (1989), Monte d'Oro (1991), Paglia Orba (1994), Vizzavona (1999, fka Euroferry Corfu), Danielle Casanova (2002), Pascal Paoli (2003). In 2016-2017, SNCM's blue-white livery was replaced fleetwide with company's red-white livery. Since April 2020 is chartered Stena Superfast X (renamed to Nepita) for the routes linking Corsica with Marseille and Northwest Africa.
NAVIERA ARMAS (routes, navieraarmas.com, 1941-founded, headquarters Las Palmas, Gran Canaria Island, Spain) is a Spanish ferry company operating mainly inter-island shipping services in the Canaries (Canary Islands). Outbound routes connect the Canaries with Iberia (mainland Spain and Portugal) via North Africa (Morocco).
- Company's passenger shipping services were introduced in 1995.
- Company's fleet renovation program started in 2003 with the newbuild Volcán de Tindaya.
- In 2011 were opened new routes between the Canaries and Iberia (mainland Spain and Portugal). These were the lines Las Palmas de Gran Canaria - Santa Cruz de Tenerife - Huelva (Spain), and Santa Cruz (Tenerife) - Las Palmas (Gran Canaria) - Funchal (Madeira) - Portimao (Portugal).
- In 2012 were opened routes connecting Canary Islands with Spain via Morocco (Melilla, Nador, Alhucemas).
- In October 2017, Naviera Armas purchased from Acciona SA 92,71% of TRASMEDITERRANEA's stocks for EUR 260 million. Company's main rival is the Canaries-based fast-ferry company Fred Olsen Express (1974-founded).
- Since 2018 Naviera Armas operates the route connecting to Portimao (Portugal) via Funchal (Madeira Island). This is a seasonal service offered in late-summer only (July through September) via a time-charter deal with Grupo Sousa (Madeira-based company specializing in seaport terminal and ship management, logistics, energy, leisure and tourism services, hotels, restaurants, travel agencies).
Company's newest ship (Volcan de Tagoro) was launched in 2019 and costs EUR 74 million (~USD 82 M). The fastferry has GT 10800 tons, length 111 m, service speed 35 knots (65 kph / 40 mph), passenger capacity 1184, car capacity 390.
As of 2019, Naviera Armas has a fleet of 11 cruiseferries + 5 HSCs (high-speed craft / catamaran ferries). All Naviera Armas-owned vessels' names start with "Volcan de" and the following name always starts with "T". Fleet's newest and largest ships are Volcan de Tinamar (2011), Volcan del Teide (2011), Volcan de Tijarafe (2008), Volcan de Tamadaba (2007), Volcan de Timanfaya (2005), Volcan de Tamasite (2004).
Minoan Lines (routes, minoan.gr, 1972-founded, headquartered in Heraklion Greece) is a Greek company (part of Grimaldi Group) operating ferries on the routes between Crete and Piraeus (mainland Greece), as well as in the Adriatic Sea (between Greece and Italy / Patras to Igoumenitsa, Ancona, Trieste).
Minoan is one of Europe's largest passenger ferry companies and among the largest in Greece. The company has stakes in Minoan Cruises (80,28%) and owned 33,31% of Hellenic Seaways (sold to Attica Group in 2018). In 2004, Minoan sold its Aegean Airlines stake. Since 2008, Grimaldi Group owns 45% of the Minoan stocks.
In 2012 was closed the ferry route Venice-Igoumenitsa-Patras. In 2013, the existing daily service Patras-Igoumenitsa-Ancona-Patras was extended with Trieste. The new port was connected with 3 departures a week, leaving from both Italy and Greece.
Since January 2017, Minoan's Adriatic line started again to call at Venice (twice weekly). Both arrivals and departures are during the night hours. In 2018 was opened the summer service Greece-Crete (Piraeus-Chania) with Mykonos Palace.
Minoan Lines current fleet includes the ships Festos Palace and Knossos Palace. Minoan also operates under the charter the Grimaldi ferries Cruise Europa (2009) and Cruise Olympia (2010). The Minoan ships Olympia Palace and Europa Palace are currently chartered to TIRRENIA.
Hellenic Seaways (hellenicseaways.gr, 2005-founded, headquartered in Piraeus-Athens Greece) is a Greek ferry company operating on shipping routes in Central and Eastern Mediterranean (Adriatic Seas, Aegean Sea). Its parent company is Attica Group. Hellenic Seaways is the largest Greek ferry company, with a current fleet of 21 vessels (of which 12x high-speed). Company's routes link 35 seaports and connect mainland Greece with the Cyclades, Sporades, northeast-southeast Aegean Sea islands, Crete Island.
In August 2009, Hellenic Seaways acquired EasyCruise (budget company, 2004-founded) for EUR 9 million. EasyCruise had a fleet of 2 vessels (EasyCruise 1, and EasyCruise Life / Ocean Life) and ceased operations in early 2010. Passengers booked on future cruises received full refunds. Later in 2010, fleet's only vessel EasyCruise Life was chartered to Blue Ocean Cruises (as Ocean Life). and after ending the charter was scrapped.
In January 2011, Minoan Lines cancelled the planned sale of company's 33,35% stake in Hellenic Seaways to ANEK Lines.
On October 26, 2017, Attica Group (Attica Holdings) signed an agreement for acquiring 48,53% equity stake (37,667,504 shares for EUR 78,5 million) in Hellenic Seaways Maritime (HSW). The ship Superfast XII (now Cruise Ausonia) was purchased separately (from Grimaldi Group for EUR 74,5 million), as well as Highspeed 7 (from Minoan Lines for EUR 25 million). With the 2017 acquisition, Attica Group now holds a total of 98,83% equity stake in HSW.
Blue Star Ferries (routes, bluestarferries.com, 1965-founded, headquartered in Athens Greece, is the largest Greek ferry company, part of Attica Group (together with sister-company Superfast Ferries). It provides shipping services from mainland Greece to the Greek Islands (Cyclades, Dodecanese, North Aegean) and to Crete. Blue Star Ferries serves 20+ island destinations.
The company (founded as "Strintzis Lines" by the Kefalonia-based Strintzis family) in 2000 was rebranded to "Blue Star Ferries" - following Attica Group's acquisition of a minority share (48% stake) in Blue Star. In 2006, Blue Star Maritime acquired the Dodecanese Islands-based company DANE Sea Lines.
The parent company Attica Group is a European holding which main ferry operations started in 1995 with the subsidiary Superfast Ferries. The company also has a minority share in Blue Star Ferries which operates in Aegean Sea (Greek islands).
ANEK Lines (routes, anek.gr, 1967-founded, headquartered in Chania, Crete) is Greece's largest passenger shipping company operating on Aegean and Adriatic routes. The company is Athens Stock Exchange-listed, with the biggest shareholder being the Greek family Vardinoyannis via its companies Sea Star Capital (37,5%) and Varmin Marble (26,9%).
Shipping operations started in 1970 on the route Piraeus-Chania. In 1973 was started the Piraeus-Heraklion line. In 1989 started the Patras-Corfu-Igoumenitsa-Ancona and the Patras-Trieste lines. In 1999, the company was listed on the Athens Stock Exchange. ANEK also acquired Rethymniaki Naftiliaki SA (with 2 ships) starting the Piraeus-Rethymno service. ANEK bought 16,5% of NEL Lines.
In 2000, ANEK bought 50% of ETANAP SA, also 62% of Lefka Ori Ltd. Also in 2000 was signed the shipbuilding contract with Fosen Shipyard for two newbuild vessels, with scheduled deliveries October 2000 (Olympic Champion) and May 2001 (Hellenic Spirit), plus optional two more units. The new ferries were deployed on the route Patras-Igoumenitsa-Ancona (crossing time 15 hours).
In 2002 started the Piraeus-Heraklion (Crete) line. In 2003 was inaugurated ANEK CARGO (ro-ro freight service) on the Piraeus-Heraklion, Patras-Bari, and Patras-Venice routes. In 2008 started the Greek Islands services Piraeus-Paros-Naxos-Ios-Santorini, Piraeus-Chios-Lesbos and also Piraeus-Chania. In 2010 were started charter-ship operations on the island route Piraeus-Syros-Mykonos-Ikaria-Fourni-Samos.
"ANEK Superfast" (2011-founded) is a joint venture with Superfast Ferries (Attica Group) for the routes Patras-Igoumenitsa-Ancona and Piraeus-Heraklion. In 2014 started the year-round service Bari-Durres (Albania).
Superfast Ferries (routes, superfast.com, 1993-founded, headquartered in Athens Greece, is a Greek company, part of Attica Group (together with sister-company Blue Star Ferries). It provides fast-ferry links between Greece and Italy.
Currently, Superfast Ferries operates only in the Eastern Mediterranean (Aegean Sea) and the Adriatic Sea, on the routes between Greece and Italy. These routes are with departures from homeports Ancona-Bari and Igoumenitsa-Patras-Corfu. In the period 2002-2008 (September), the company also served the North Sea route Rosyth (Scotland)-Zeebrugge (Belgium)
In April 2006, Attica Group sold its ice-class ships Superfast 7, Superfast 8 and Superfast 9 to TALLINK-SILJA. The deal was for EUR 310 million.
In August 2006 Attica Group sold its ice-class ship Superfast 10 to Veolia Transport (French-based multinational company) for EUR 112 million. The vessel was delivered to the new owner in January 2007.
On June 8, 2011, Superfast Ferries and ANEK Lines created a joint venture service of the routes Piraeus (Athens)-Heraklion (Crete) and Patras-Igoumenitsa-Ancona. Until 2013, the company also served the route Piraeus (Athens)-Heraklion (Crete) with the ship Superfast VI. As the ship was sold to Genting Group (Asia) in March 2013, this service was discontinued.
FJORD LINE (1993-founded, headquarters Bergen, Norway) connect with passenger ships Norway with Denmark and Sweden, plus Norway-Denmark freight service.
The company acquired In 1998 from COLOR LINE the ship Jupiter and started Bergen-Newcastle (Tyne) service. In 2004 was purchased MS Fjord Norway for the Norway-Denmark service. in 2005 MS Fjord Norway and the Norway-England route were sold to DFDS.
In January 2008 Fjord Line merged with Master Ferries. In 2014 Fjord Line became industry's first to use RFID cards as cabin keys.
Currently, FJORD LINE serves the routes Bergen-Stavanger-Hirtshals, Kristiansand-Hirtshals (summer only), Hirtshals-Langesund, and Sandefjord-Stromstad. Current fleet includes Fjord Cat, Stavangerfjord, Bergensfjord, Oslofjord.
Fjord1 Fylkesbaatane (1858-founded, headquarters Floro, Norway) is a subsidiary of Fjord1 Nordvestlandske (Norwegian transport conglomerate) and runs ferry traffic in Sogn og Fjordane (western Norway).
Fjord1's route Bergen-Sogn was opened in 1971 via fast catamarans. Currently are served the routes Bergen-Sogn (Ovre Ardal, crossing time 6 hr 15 min) and Bergen-Nordfjord (Selje, crossing time 5 hours). In addition to these main services are also served local fast boat routes.
The company is among the first in Norway to use LNG-powered ferries. Most Fjord1 ships are older ferries (built between 1960-1980) and mainly car carriers. Fjord1's current fleet includes the car-passenger and passenger-only ships Fjordglytt, Sylvarnes, Gudvangen, Skagastol.
Havila Shipping ("Havila Kystruten", 2003-founded, headquarters Fosnavag, Norway) has a fleet consisting of offshore platform supply vessels, anchor handling tugs, rescue and recovery vessels, subsea construction vessels and passenger ships (4 cruiseferries for the "Norwegian Coastal Express" service). The company provides maritime support for offshore oil and gas fields in the North Sea and the Asia Pacific.
On March 23, 2018, Norway's Ministry of Transportation and Communications split the "Norwegian Coastal Express" ferry service between Hurtigruten (7 ships) and Havila (4 ships). The Bergen-Kirkenes-Bergen route and its 34 ports is served year-round by these 11 vessels. Hurtigruten operates this service since 1893. Norwegian Government's annual subsidy for this regularly-scheduled service is NOK 788 million (USD 100 million).
Havila's cruise fleet consists of 4 newbuilds scheduled for deliveries in 2020 (Capella and Castor) and 2021 (Polaris and Pollux). The LNG-powered hybrids (alternative battery power) have passenger capacity 640.
DESTINATION GOTLAND (destinationgotland.se, 1998-founded, headquarters Visby, Gotland Island Sweden) is a domestic ferry company operating in Sweden exclusively. Destination Gotland's current fleet includes the conventional ferries MS Thjelvar, MS Visborg, MS Visby, MS Gotland, and the high-speed HSC Gotlandia and HSC Gotlandia 2. The company has 2 shipbuilding contracts (signed November 2014 and June 2015) with GSI (Guangzhou Shipyard, China) for the construction of two LNG-powered ships (Visborg, Thjelvar). Each vessel has a capacity of 1650 passengers and costs USD 150 million. Deliveries were scheduled for 2018-Q4 and 2019-Q1.
Before the arrival of the new ferries, Destination Gotland had the fleet capacity to serve daily up to 23,920 passengers. In 2017, the company ferried a total of 1,749755 million passengers (7,8% increase over 2016).
POLFERRIES (polferries.pl, 1976-founded) is Poland's largest ferry shipping company. "Polish Baltic Shipping Company" was established as a state-owned company. Under the brand name "Polferries" it runs Baltic Sea services connecting Poland to Sweden. POLFERRIES current fleet includes the ships Baltivia, Wawel, Mazovia, Cracovia, Nova Star. POLFERRIES has 2 new ships on order, to be built at Szczecin Shipyard.
NORTHLINK FERRIES (northlinkferries.co.uk, 2002-founded, headquarters Stromness (Orkney Island, Scotland)) is a Scottish passenger shipping company operating services between Shetland Islands and Scotland (mainland) on the routes Aberdeen-(Kirkwall)-Lerwick and Stromness-Scrabster. Serco NorthLink Ferries current fleet includes three 2002-built ships - Hjaltland, Hrossey, Hamnavoe.
MARINE ATLANTIC (marineatlantic.ca, 1986-founded, headquarters St John's, Newfoundland) is a Canadian federal (state-owned) corporation operating ferries between the provinces Nova Scotia and Newfoundland Island. Marine Atlantic's current fleet includes the ships Atlantic Vision, Blue Puttees, Highlanders, Leif Ericson.
ECKERO LINE (eckeroline.fi, 1995-founded, headquarters Helsinki Finland) is a Finnish passenger shipping company which operates just one liner (MS Finlandia, 2080 pax, 665 cars) and only on the route between Finland (Helsinki) and Estonia (Tallinn).
TT-Line Tasmania (officially "TT-Line Company", SpiritOfTasmania.com.au, 1985-founded, headquartersDevonport Tasmania and Melbourne Australia) specializes in passenger shipping between Victoria Australia and Tasmania (Bass Strait crossings). Since 1993, TT-LINE is a Tasmanian Government fully-owned company. On December 8, 2017, TT-LINE announced that the existing ferries (Spirit of Tasmania 1 and Spirit of Tasmania 2) will be replaced with two newbuilds (launched in 2021 and 2022). In January 2018 was selected Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft (Flensburg, Germany) as a shipbuilder. In May 2018, TT-LINE signed EUR 438 million shipbuilding order for the 2 new LNG-powered cruise ferries. Each ship has length 212 m and capacity 1800 passengers and 600 cars. The new ferries will increase the company's capacity by 43% (passengers) and 39% (freight).
This is a work in progress, so expect adding more line links and ships every day. Enjoy the CruiseMapper's new "FerryMapper" feature and be sure to bookmark this page for updates and latest news!
Itinerary of Ferries
Here are listed all CruiseMapper's ferry lines with their cruise ferry fleets, homeports (routes) and crossing times. Our list of ferries currently includes passenger vessels operated by the world's largest ferry companies:
- VIKING LINE, STENA LINE, TALLINK-SILJA LINE, FINNLINES, TT LINE
- DFDS SEAWAYS, P&O FERRIES, BRITTANY FERRIES, IRISH FERRIES
- COLOR LINE, BALEARIA, MOBY LINES, GRIMALDI LINES
- GNV (Grandi Navi Veloci), TIRRENIA, SNCM (Maritima Ferries)
- TRASMEDITERRANEA, CORSICA-SARDINIA FERRIES, CORSICA linea, NAVIERA ARMAS
- MINOAN LINES, HELLENIC SEAWAYS, BLUE STAR FERRIES, SUPERFAST FERRIES
- ANEK LINES, NEL Lines
- BC FERRIES
- plus small-fleet companies (DESTINATION GOTLAND, CONDOR FERRIES, POLFERRIES, MARINE ATLANTIC, ECKERO LINE).
Currently, VIKING LINE ships operate on the following ferry routes:
- Aland-Sweden - Mariehamn Aland-Kapellskar (crossing time 2,5 hours) - ship Viking Rosella
- Finland-Sweden - Helsinki-Mariehamn Aland-Stockholm (crossing time 17 hours) - ships Viking Mariella, Viking Gabriella
- Finland-Sweden - Turku-Mariehamn Aland-Stockholm, crossing time 10 hours - ships Viking Grace, Viking Amorella, Viking Glory
- Stockholm-Mariehamn Aland (crossing time 5,5 hours) and Sweden-Latvia (Stockholm-Riga / crossing time 17 hours, during summer) - ship Viking Cinderella
- Finland-Estonia - Helsinki-Tallinn (crossing time 2,5 hours) - ship Viking XPRS
Currently, STENA LINE ships operate on the following passenger ferry routes:
- (Ireland-Wales UK, crossing time 3,5 hours) Rosslare Europort-Fishguard (Irish Sea) ship Europe
- (Ireland-Wales UK, crossing time 3 hours) Dublin-Holyhead (Irish Sea) ships Estrid, Adventurer, Superfast 10
- (Northern Ireland-Scotland UK, crossing time 2 hours 15 min) Belfast-Cairnryan (Irish Sea) ships Superfast 7, Superfast 8
- (Northern Ireland-England UK) Belfast-Heysham (the Irish Sea, freight only) ships Hibernia, Precision
- (Northern Ireland-England UK, crossing time 8 hours) Belfast-Liverpool/Birkenhead (Irish Sea) ships Lagan, Mersey, Performer, Edda, Embla
- (Ireland-France, crossing time 17 hours) Rosslare Europort-Cherbourg (ship Horizon)
- (Holland-England UK, crossing time 6,5 hours) the Hook of Holland-Harwich (North Sea) ships Britannica, Hollandica
- (Holland-England UK) the Hook of Holland-North Killingholme Haven (North Sea, freight only) ships Transit, Transporter
- (Holland-England UK) Rotterdam-Harwich (the North Sea, freight only) ships Capucine, Severine
- (Holland-England UK) Rotterdam-North Killingholme Haven (the North Sea, freight only) ship Scotia
- (Sweden-Denmark, crossing time 3 hours) Goteborg-Frederikshavn (Baltic Sea) ships Jutlandica, Danica, Gothica
- (Sweden-Denmark, crossing time 5 hours) Varberg-Grena (Baltic Sea) ship Nautica
- (Sweden-Germany, crossing time 9 hours) Goteborg-Kiel (Baltic Sea) ships Germanica, Scandinavica
- (Norway-Denmark, crossing time 9 hours) Oslo-Frederikshavn (Baltic Sea) ship Saga
- (Sweden-Poland, crossing time 10 hours) Karlskrona-Gdynia (Baltic Sea) ships Spirit, Vision, Baltica
- (Sweden-Latvia, crossing time 8,5 hours) Nynashamn-Ventspils (Baltic Sea) ships Scottish Viking, Flavia
- (Sweden-Germany, crossing time 6 hours) Trelleborg-Rostock (Baltic Sea) ships Mecklenburg Vorpommern, Skane
- (Sweden-Germany) Trelleborg-Sassnitz (Baltic Sea, freight only) ship Sassnitz
- (Germany-Latvia) Travemunde (Lubeck)-Liepaja (Baltic Sea) ships Urd, Nordica
Currently, TT LINE ferries operate on the routes:
- (Sweden-Germany) Trelleborg-Rostock and Trelleborg-Travemunde (daily departures, crossing time 6-6,5 hours) - ships Nils Holgersson, Peter Pan, Robin Hood, Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn
- (Sweden-Germany) Helsingborg-Travemunde (freight-only)
- (Sweden-Poland) Trelleborg-Swinoujscie (crossing time 6 hours), and (Denmark-Poland) Ronne-Swinoujscie (crossing time 5 hours) - ship Nils Dacke.
Currently, DFDS SEAWAYS ships operate on the following passenger ferry routes:
- Denmark-Norway (Copenhagen-Oslo) ships CROWN SEAWAYS, PEARL SEAWAYS (crossing time 17 hours)
- (English Channel crossing time 2 hours) UK England-France (Dover-Dunkirk) ships DELFT SEAWAYS, DOVER SEAWAYS, DUNKERQUE SEAWAYS
- (English Channel crossing time 2 hours) UK England-France (Dover-Calais) ships CALAIS SEAWAYS, COTE DES DUNES, COTE DES FLANDRES
- Short break "Mini Cruise" UK England-Holland, crossing time 15,5 hours (Newcastle-IJmuiden / Amsterdam) ships PRINCESS SEAWAYS, KING SEAWAYS
- UK England-France (Newhaven-Dieppe) ships COTE D'ALBATRE, SEVEN SISTERS
- Lithuania-Germany (Klaipeda-Kiel) ships REGINA SEAWAYS, VICTORIA SEAWAYS (crossing time 19,5 hours)
- Lithuania-Sweden (Klaipeda-Karlshamn) ships ATHENA SEAWAYS, OPTIMA SEAWAYS, PATRIA SEAWAYS (crossing time 13 hours)
- Estonia-Sweden (Paldiski-Kapellskar) ship LIVERPOOL SEAWAYS
- Estonia-Finland (Paldiski-Hanko) ship SAILOR
- Mediterranean France-Tunisia (Marseille-Tunis) ship BOTNIA SEAWAYS
Currently, BRITTANY FERRIES ships operate on the following routes:
- Pont Aven (Roscoff-Cork Ireland-Roscoff) - crossing time 14 hours
- Normandie Express (Cherbourg-Portsmouth England-Cherbourg) - crossing time 3 hours
- Armorique, Bretagne and Pont Aven (Roscoff-Plymouth-Roscoff) - crossing time 6 hours
- Cap Finistere, Baie de Seine, Santona (Portsmouth-(Roscoff)-Bilbao-Portsmouth) - crossing time 24-36 hours
- Baie de Seine, and Etretat (Portsmouth-Le Havre Paris) - crossing time 8 overnights, 5,5 days
- Pont Aven, Galicia, Salamanca (Plymouth-Santander Spain-Plymouth) - crossing time 20 hours
- Barfleur (Cherbourg-Poole England-Cherbourg) - crossing time 4 hours
- Pont Aven, and Bretagne (Saint Malo-Portsmouth-Saint Malo) - crossing time 11 overnights, 8 days
- Mont St Michel, Normandie and Honfleur (Caen-Portsmouth-Caen) - crossing time 6 hours
- Pont Aven, Etretat, Cap Finistere, and Baie de Seine (Portsmouth-Santander-Portsmouth) - crossing time 24 hours
- Connemara - Portsmouth-Le Havre (crossing time 5,5 days / 8 overnights), Cork-Roscoff (1 weekly return-crossing)
- freight ferry Pelican (Bilbao-Poole UK-Bilbao)
BC FERRIES' largest ships operate on the following routes (daily service):
- ships Spirit of British Columbia, Spirit of Vancouver Island, and Coastal Celebration - Vancouver Island (between Tsawwassen and Swartz Bay / Victoria BC) - crossing time 1,5 hours, distance 45 km (28 ml)
- Coastal Inspiration ship - Vancouver Island (between Tsawwassen and Duke Point / Nanaimo BC) - crossing time 2 hours, distance 70 km (44 ml)
- Coastal Renaissance ship (Horseshoe Bay-Tsawwassen / between West Vancouver (Metro) and Vancouver Island) - crossing time: 1 hour 40 min, distance 35 ml (56 km)
- Northern Adventure ship (Prince Rupert-Port Hardy / Kaien Island-Vancouver Island) - "Day Cruise" Inside Passage crossing time (overnight), distance 507 km (315 ml) - Port Hardy, Bella Bella (Campbell Island), Klemtu (Swindle Island), Prince Rupert.
- Northern Expedition ship (Prince Rupert-Skidegate Graham Island / Haida Gwaii) crossing time 7 hours, distance 172 km (107 ml)
- The company connects mainland BC with the Gulf Islands Cortes, Denman, Hornby, Quadra, Sointula, Texada, Bowen, Gabriola, Galiano, Mayne, Pender, Salt Spring, Saturna, Thetis. The list of destinations also includes Cariboo Chilcotin Coast, Sunshine Coast, Coast Mountains, Vancouver Metro, Northern BC, Thompson Okanagan, Victoria BC, and Vancouver Island.
Currently, P&O FERRIES ships operate on the following routes:
- UK to France (Dover-Calais) - European Seaway, Pride of Burgundy, Pride of Canterbury, Pride of Kent, Spirit of Britain, Spirit of France
- mini cruises England UK to Belgium (Hull-Zeebrugge) - Pride of Bruges, Pride of York - crossing time 13 hours
- mini cruises England UK to Holland (Hull-Rotterdam) - Pride of Hull, Pride of Rotterdam - crossing time 10 hours
- England to Ireland (Liverpool-Dublin) - European Endeavour, Nordbank, Norbay
- Scotland UK to Northern Ireland (Cairnryan-Larne) - European Causeway, European Highlander
- freight ferry service the UK to Belgium (London Tilbury-Zeebrugge) - Norsky, Norstream
Currently, TALLINK-SILJA LINE ships operate on the following cruise ferry routes:
- Finland-Sweden (Helsinki-Aland (Mariehamn)-Stockholm / crossing time 16 hours) - ships Silja Serenade, Silja Symphony
- Finland-Sweden (Turku-Aland (Mariehamn or Langnas)-Stockholm / crossing time 10,5 hours) - ships Baltic Princess, Silja Galaxy
- Estonia-Sweden (Tallinn-Mariehamn Aland-Stockholm / crossing time 15,5 hours) - ships Baltic Queen, Victoria 1
- Sweden-Latvia (Stockholm-Riga / crossing time 17 hours) - ships Isabelle, Romantika
- Finland-Estonia (Helsinki-Tallinn / crossing time 2 hours) - ships Megastar, Silja Europa, Star, MySTAR
- Ireland-Scotland (Belfast-Cairnryan / crossing time 2,5 hours) - chartered ships Superfast 7, Superfast 8
Currently, FINNLINES ships operate on the following passenger ferry routes:
- Finland-Germany (Helsinki-Travemunde, crossing time 27-29 hours) - Finnstar, Finnmaid, Finnlady
- Finland-Sweden (Naantali-Kapellskar via Langnas Aland Islands, crossing time 8-9 hours) - Finnfellow, Finnclipper, Finnswan
- Sweden-Germany (Malmo-Travemunde, crossing time 9 hours) - Finnpartner, Finntrader
- Freight-only services are offered on the routes Finland-Poland (Helsinki-Gdynia, with 3-4 weekly departures) and Finland-Denmark (Helsinki-Aarhus, with 2 weekly departures).
Currently, COLOR LINE ships operate on the following passenger ferry routes:
- (Norway-Germany / Oslo-Kiel) - Color Fantasy, Color Magic (crossing time 20 hours)
- (Norway-Sweden / Sandefjord-Stromstad) Color Hybrid, Color Viking (crossing time 2,5 hours)
- (Norway-Denmark / Kristiansand-Hirtshals) Superspeed 1 (crossing time 3 hours 15 min)
- (Norway-Denmark / Larvik-Hirtshals) Superspeed 2 (crossing time 3 hours 45 min)
Currently, MOBY LINES ships operate on the following ferry routes:
- MS Bastia (Santa Teresa di Gallura-Bonifacio Corsica Island)
- MS Giraglia (Piombino-Cavo Elba Island)
- Moby Ale, Moby Baby, Moby Love, Moby Lally, and Moby Niki (Piombino-Portoferraio Elba Island) - crossing time 1 hour
- Moby Kiss and Moby Vincent (Livorno-Bastia Corsica Island) - crossing time 4,5 hours
- Moby Drea (Livorno-Olbia Sardinia Island, Olbia-Genoa) - crossing times 6-6,5 / 10,5 hours
- Moby Otta (Genoa-Olbia Sardinia Island) - crossing time 10,5 hours
- Moby Tommy (Civitavecchia (Rome)-Olbia Sardinia Island) - crossing time 5,5-6,5-8 hours (day and night crossings)
- Moby Aki (Livorno-Olbia, Piombino-Olbia Sardinia Island) - crossing times 6 / 5 hours
- Moby Wonder (Livorno-Olbia Sardinia Island) - crossing times 6 hours
- Moby Corse (Genoa-Bastia Corsica Island) - crossing time 5 hours
- Moby Zaza and Moby Dada (Nice France-Bastia Corsica Island) - crossing time 5 hours
- Princess Anastasia (St Petersburg-Helsinki-Stockholm-Tallinn) - crossing time 62,5 hours
Currently, GRIMALDI ships operate on the following routes:
- Italy-Spain - Civitavecchia-Porto Torres (Sardinia)-Barcelona / crossing time 20 hours) - ships Cruise Barcelona, Cruise Roma
- Italy-Spain (Savona-Barcelona / crossing time 17 hours) - ships Cruise Smeralda, Florencia
- Italy-Morocco - Savona-(Barcelona)-Tangier / crossing time 32 hours - ship Cruise Smeralda
- Italy-Tunisia via Sicily - Civitavecchia-Palermo-Tunis (crossing time 18,5 hours), Salerno-Palermo-Tunis (crossing time 16,5 hours) - ships Catania (freight), Mykonos Palace, Zeus Palace
- Sardinia-Italy (Porto Torres-Civitavecchia / crossing time 7 hours 15 min) - ships Cruise Barcelona, Cruise Romo
- Sardinia-Spain (Porto Torres-Barcelona / crossing time 11 hours 45 min) - ships Cruise Barcelona, Cruise Roma
- Sardinia-Italy (Olbia-Livorno / crossing time 8 hours 15 min) - ships Cruise Bonaria, Cruise Olbia
- Sardinia-Italy (Olbia-Civitavecchia / crossing time 6,5 hours) - ships Zeus Palace, Mykonos Palace, Florencia
- Italy-Sicily (Livorno-Palermo / crossing time 18 hours) - ships Mykonos Palace, Cruise Ausonia
- Italy-Greece (Brindisi-Corfu Island-Igoumenitsa / crossing time 30,5 hours) and Venice-Ancona-Igoumenitsa-Patras (crossing time 36 hours) - ships Euroferry Egnazia, Euroferry Olympia, Euroferry Corfu
- Greece-Crete (Piraeus-Chania / crossing time around 9 hours) during summer - Mykonos Palace
- Sweden-Germany (Malmo-Travemunde / crossing time 9 hours) - Europalink
Currently, GNV ships operate on the following routes:
- Genoa-Palermo Sicily (crossing time 21 hours) - ships La Suprema, Excellent, Excelsior
- Genoa-Tunis (Italy-Tunisia crossing time 24 hours) - ships La Suprema, Excellent
- Genoa-(Barcelona)-Tangier (Italy-Morocco crossing time 49,5 hours) - ships Excellent, Excelsior, Fantastic, Rhapsody
- Genoa-Porto Torres Sardinia (crossing time 12 hours) - ship Azzurra
- Genoa-Olbia Sardinia (crossing time 12 hours - ship Allegra
- Naples-Palermo Sicily (crossing time 10,5 hours) - ships Atlas, Cristal
- Civitavecchia-Palermo-Tunis (Italy-Tunisia crossing time 25 hours) - ship Splendid
- Barcelona-Tangier (Spain-Morocco crossing time 32 hours) - ship Majestic
- Sete-(Barcelona)-Tangier (France-Morocco crossing time 40 hours) - ship Fantastic
Currently, Tirrenia ships operate on the following routes:
- mainland Italy to Sardinia Island - Genoa-Porto Torres (Nuraghes, Sharden), Genoa-Olbia-Arbatax (Athara, Bithia, Janas), Civitavecchia-Olbia-Arbatax (Athara, Bithia, Janas), Civitavecchia-Cagliari (Athara, Bithia, Janas), Naples-Cagliari, Livorno-Cagliari (freight only)
- mainland Italy to Sicily Island - Naples-Palermo, Ravenna-Brindisi-Catania (freight only)
- Sardinia to Sicily - Cagliari-Palermo
- mainland Italy (Termoli) to Tremiti Islands
- mainland Italy to Tunisia - Genoa-Tunis
- Sicily to Malta - Catania-Valletta
Currently, IRISH FERRIES ships operate on the following routes:
- Ulysses (Ireland-Wales UK) Dublin-Holyhead (crossing time 2 hours)
- Isle of Inishmore (Ireland-Wales UK) Rosslare Europort-Pembroke Dock (crossing time 4 hours)
- Epsilon, WB Yeats - Ireland-France (Dublin-Cherbourg, on weekends, crossing time 19 hours) and Ireland-Wales UK (Dublin-Holyhead, workweek, crossing time 2 hours)
Currently, BALEARIA ships operate on the following ferry routes:
- Algeciras to Ceuta and Tangier
- Almeria to Melilla and Nador
- Barcelona to Ibiza, Mallorca, Menorca
- Ceuta to Algeciras
- Denia to Ibiza, Mallorca, Formentera
- Formentera to Ibiza and Denia
- Ibiza to Barcelona, Denia, Mallorca, Formentera, Valencia
- Malaga to Melilla
- Mallorca to Barcelona, Ibiza, Menorca, Denia, and Valencia
- Melilla to Almeria and Malaga
- Menorca to Barcelona and Mallorca
- Valencia to Mallorca, Ibiza, Mostaganem
- In the period 2015-2016, the ship Bahama Mama operated daily service between USA-Florida and Bahamas (Fort Lauderdale to Freeport).
Currently, TRASMEDITERRANEA ships operate on the following routes:
- (roundtrip from Barcelona to) Ibiza, Mahon (Menorca), Palma de Mallorca, Formentera
- (roundtrip from Palma de Mallorca to) Ibiza, Mahon (Menorca)
- (roundtrip from Valencia to) Ibiza, Mahon (via Palma), Formentera
- roundtrip from Cadiz to Arrecife
- Cadiz- Las Palmas (via Arrecife), Cadiz- Tenerife (via Las Palmas), Cadiz-La Palma (via Arrecife, Las Palmas, Tenerife), Cadiz-Fuerteventura (via Arrecife, Las Palmas, Tenerife, La Palma)
- (from Lanzarote Island) Arrecife-Las Palmas, Arrecife-Tenerife (via Las Palmas), Arrecife-La Palma (via Las Palmas, Tenerife), Arrecife-Fuerteventura (via Las Palmas, Tenerife, La Palma)
- (from Gran Canaria Island) Las Palmas-Tenerife, Las Palmas-La Palma (via Tenerife), Las Palmas-Fuerteventura, Las Palmas-Arrecife (via Tenerife, Fuerteventura), Las Palmas-Cadiz (via Fuerteventura, Arrecife)
- (from Tenerife Island) Santa Cruz de Tenerife-Las Palmas, Tenerife-Fuerteventura (via Las Palmas), Tenerife-Arrecife (via Las Palmas, Fuerteventura), Tenerife-Cadiz (via Gran Canaria , Fuerteventura, Lanzarote)
- (from San Miguel de La Palma Island) Santa Cruz de la Palma-Las Palmas (via Tenerife), La Palma-Puerto Rosario-Fuerteventura (via Tenerife, Las Palmas), La Palma-Arrecife (via Tenerife, Las Palmas, Puerto Rosario, Fuerteventura), La Palma-Cadiz (via Tenerife, Las Palmas, Fuerteventura, Arrecife)
- (from Fuerteventura Island) Puerto del Rosario-Arrecife, Fuerteventura-Cadiz (via Arrecife)
- Algeciras-Ceuta, Algeciras-Tangier (Morocco)
- Almeria-Melilla, Almeria-Ghazaouet (Algeria), Almeria-Nador (Morocco), Almeria-Oran (Algeria)
- Trasmediterranea current fleet includes the ships Albayzin, Almariya, Dimonios, Fortuny, Forza, Juan J Sister, Sorolla, Tenacia, Zurbaran.
Currently, CORSICA-SARDINIA FERRIES ships operate on the following routes:
Between mainland France-Italy and Corsica Island (In brackets are crossing times)
- between Nice and Ajaccio (6 hours), Bastia (5 hours), Calvi (4 hours), Ile Rousse (4 hours), Porto Vecchio (9 hours)
- between Toulon and Ajaccio (6,5 hours), Bastia (8,5 hours), Ile Rousse (6 hours 15 min), Porto Vecchio (12 hours)
- between Savona and Bastia (4,5 hours), Calvi (6 hours)
- Livorno-Bastia (3,5 hours)
- Piombino-Bastia (2 hours 15 min)
Between mainland Italy-France and Sardinia Island
- Livorno-Golfo Aranci (6,5 hours)
- Nice-Golfo Aranci (16 hours)
- Toulon-Porto Torres (13 hours)
Elba Island (Portoferraio) to/from Piombino (30 min) and Bastia (90 min).
Corsica Linea operates on the Mediterranean Sea routes only, connecting mainland France (Marseille) with Corsica Island (France), Sardinia Island (Italy) and North Africa (Arab Maghreb) - Algeria and Tunisia.
Corsica Linea ferry links include:
- Marseille-Corsica (Ajaccio) - ships Paglia Orba, Jean Nicol, Danielle Casanova
- Marseille-Corsica (Bastia) - ships Vizzavona (Euroferry Corfu), Pascal Paoli
- Marseille-Algeria (Algiers) - ships Vizzavona, Mediterranee (seasonal)
- Marseille-Tunis - ships Vizzavona (year-round), Danielle Casanova (seasonal)
- Marseille-Algeria (Bejaia) - Vizzavona (seasonal)
- Marseille-Ile Rousse - Monte d'Oro
- Corsica-Sardinia (Ajaccio-Porto Torres) - Jean Nicoli
NAVIERA ARMAS operates mainly inter-island shipping services in the Canary Islands, also connecting the Canaries with Iberia (mainland Spain and Portugal) and North Africa (Morocco).
- Las Palmas (Gran Canaria) - Morro Jable (Fuerteventura) - Arrecife (Lanzarote) - ship Volcan de Tamadaba (crossing time 5 hours)
- Las Palmas - Santa Cruz de Tenerife - ship Volcan de Tijarafe (crossing time 2 hours).
- Santa Cruz de Tenerife - Morro Jable (Fuerteventura) Las Palmas - ship Volcan de Tamasite (crossing time 2,5 hours)
- Los Christianos (Tenerife) - San Sebastian (La Gomera) - ship Volcan de Taburiente
- Motril (Granada) - Nador (Morocco) - ship Volcan de Timanfaya (crossing time 6 hours)
- Motril - Melilla (Spanish Morocco) - ship Volcan de Tijarafe (crossing time 6 hours)
- Huelva (Spain) - Santa Cruz de Tenerife - Las Palmas de Gran Canaria - ships Volcan del Teide, Volcan de Tinamar (crossing time 36 hours)
Currently, MINOAN LINES ships operate on the following routes:
- (Greece-Crete) Festos Palace and Knossos Palace (Piraeus-Heraklion) - crossing time 6 hours
- (Greece-Italy) Cruise Europa and Cruise Olympia (Patras-Igoumenitsa-Ancona-Trieste) - crossing time 29,5 hours (22 hours to Ancona)
Currently, BLUE STAR FERRIES ships operate on the following routes:
- Note: All departures to the Greek Islands are roundtrips from Port Piraeus (Athens).
- (Greece to Crete) Blue Horizon (Piraeus-Heraklion)
- (Greece to Crete) Blue Galaxy (Piraeus-Chania)
- (Greece to Cyclades Islands) Blue Star Paros (Piraeus-Syros-Tinos-Mykonos) - crossing time 6 hours
- (Greece to Cyclades Islands) Blue Star Delos (Piraeus-Syros-Paros-Naxos-Ios-Santorini-Anafi) - crossing time 7 hours 45 min
- (Greece to Cyclades Islands) Blue Star Naxos (Piraeus-Syros-Paros-Naxos-Santorini-Irakleia-Schoinoussa-Koufonisia-Donousa-Amorgos-Astypalaia)
- (Greece to Dodecanese Islands) Blue Star 2 (Piraeus-Samos-Kos-Rhodes-Karpathos) - crossing time 20 hours
- (Greece to Dodecanese Islands) Blue Star Patmos (Piraeus-Kalymnos-Kos-Rhodes, Astypalaia-Patmos-Leipsoi-Leros-Nisyros-Symi-Tilos-Kastellorizo) - crossing time 22 hours 40 min
- (Greece to North Aegean Islands) Blue Star 1 (Piraeus-Psara-Oinousses-Chios-Lesbos) - crossing time 12 hours
Currently, ANEK LINE ships operate on the following routes:
- (Greece to Crete) Piraeus-Chania (ship Elyros) and Piraeus-Heraklion (ship Kriti 2)
- (Greek Islands, ship Prevelis) Piraeus-Milos-Santorini-Kasos-Karpathos-Halki-Rhodes and Piraeus-Milos-Santorini-Anafi-Crete (Heraklion, Sitia)-Kasos-Karpathos-Rhodes
- (Greece-Italy, ships Hellenic Spirit and Olympic Champion) Patras-Ancona (via Igoumenitsa)
- Greece-Italy, ship Asterion 2) Patras-Venice (via Igoumenitsa)
Currently, SUPERFAST FERRIES ships operate on the following routes:
- Italy-Greece (Bari-Igoumenitsa-Patras) ships Superfast I and Superfast II (crossing time 16,5 hours)
- Italy-Greece (Ancona-Igoumenitsa-Patras) ship Superfast XI (crossing time 22,5 hours)
The following map shows all Greek island ferry ports served by ships leaving from mainland Greece (Piraeus and Rafina).
Follows a list of small-fleet companies ships and routes.
CONDOR FERRIES operates between UK-France and Channel Islands - Jersey (St Helier Port) and Guernsey (St Peter Port). Fast ferry Condor Liberation serves the route Poole England-Channel Islands. Fast ferry Condor Rapide serves the route St Malo France-Channel Islands. The inter-island service Guernsey-Jersey is 1 hour (on the fast ferries) and 2 hours (on Commodore Clipper). Commodore Clipper and Commodore Goodwill serve the route Portsmouth England-Channel Islands (crossing time 7 hours).
POLFERRIES operate between Poland and Sweden, connecting the ports Swinoujscie-Ystad (crossing time 6 hours, ships Baltivia, Cracovia, Mazovia) and Gdansk-Nynashamn (crossing time 19 hours, ships Wawel, Nova Star).
MARINE ATLANTIC (Canada) operates regular services across Cabot Strait (on the route Nova Scotia-Newfoundland Island) connecting the ports North Sydney-Port aux Basques, and North Sydney-Argentia (Placentia). Crossing times are, respectively, 7 hours (year-round, 7 days a week) and 14-16 hours (summer-only / June through September, 3 days a week). The fleet consists of Atlantic Vision, Blue Puttees, Highlanders, Leif Ericson.
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