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Tílos Island is located in Aegean Sea (Eastern Mediterranean) and is part of Greece's Dodecanese islands. Tílos is located midway between the islands Kos and Rhodes, and has population under 1,000. Along with two uninhabited siales (Antitilos and Gaidaros), Tílos forms a municipality with total area approx 65 km2 (25 ml2), which is part of Rhodes regional unit.
The island is shaped as inverted S, hass length approx 15 km (9 ml / northwest-southeast), max width 8 km (5 ml) and land area approx 61 km2 (24 ml2). The landscape is similar to Nisyros - mountainous (limestone), with red lava sand, springs, fertile meadows, rocky or pebbled coast with several sand beaches.
During its history, the island was ruled by Byzantine Empire (395-1453), Crusaders (Knights of Saint John, 1309-1470), Ottoman Empire (1299-1922, in the period 1523-1912). In June 2008, island's mayor performed Greece's first same-sex marriage.
Island's best known tourist attractions include Ayios Pandeleímon Monastery, Megalo Chorio ruins (medieval castle / Fortress of Mesaria), Livadhia (principal port harbour and island's economic centre), Mikro Chorio (15th century town built by Knights of St John), castles (Megalo and Mikro Chorio, Mesaria, Agrosikia, Stavrou Lambrou).