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Cherbourg-Octeville is a major port city in France, located at Cotentin peninsula's northern end, and in the northwestern department of Manche. It is a subprefecture of the department and was formed when the former commune absorbed Octeville on February 28, 2000. On January 1, 2016, Cherbourg was merged into the newly formed commune of Cherbourg-en-Cotentin. Cherbourg is also important fishing, military and cargo port. It features the world's largest man-made harbour and also has a yacht marina.
The city of Cherbourg is a subprefecture and Maritime prefecture of La Manche. Due to its union, it's the most populated in its department - with around 37,000 inhabitants, ranking it the region's second - following Caen.
The port is protected by Cherbourg Harbour, located between La Hague and Val de Saire. Over the centuries, the town has been a strategic position disputed between France and England. It became a first-rate military port under the leadership of Louis XVI (1754-1793) and Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821). Cherbourg holds an arsenal of the French Navy. A stopping point for major Transatlantic liners in the first half of 20th century, the port was primary goal of US troops in 1944 during the invasion of Normandy.
Cherbourg is established on the probable location of the Roman camp of Coriallum. In 1295, the settlement was sacked by the English but withstood several of their sieges during the next two centuries. In the 17th century were initiated projects for improvements and fortification of the harbour.
The town was captured by the British in 1758, and its port facilities were completely destroyed. In the 1770s they were restored in a long-term project and completed in the middle of the 19th century. During WW2 (1939-1945), Cherbourg was occupied by the Germans (in 1940) and suffered heavy damage while being recaptured by the Allies in 1944.
From Cherbourg, cruise ship tourists can visit Arromanches, Normandy Beaches, Mont Saint Michel.
Cherbourg cruise terminal
Cherbourg cruise ship terminal is located at very close proximity to the city center (about 15-min walking distance). Cruise ships dock either at Quay de France or Quai de Normandie. Free of charge shuttle buses are operated from the cruise port terminal to center of the town.
The cloasest to the cruise terminal train station is at approx 2 km (bus shuttles also stop there). Train travel from Cherbourg to Paris is 2:45 hours.
The cruise terminal is an an impressive building, constructed in the early 20th century. The facility houses tourist information center and a souvenir shop. Here passengers are offered free food tasting (delicacies produced in the region of Normandy). Right next to the terminal building is the nautical museum La Cite de la Mer, which also has an aquarium.
Port Cherbourg cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Cherbourg, France. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
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