Turku is a port city located on Finland's southwest coast, and at the mouth of Aura River. The city covers a total area of approx 246 km2 (945 ml2) and has population around 190,000.
Turku is most famous for the Meyer Turku shipbuilding yard, where many of the newest (and all the world's largest) cruise liners were built. Besides cruise ships, Meyer Turku also constructs passenger cruise ferries, which as vessel type are combined Ro-Ro vessel (car ferry) and cruise ship. Other types of ships built here are special and offshore supply vessels.
- Turku's economy is centred on Port Turku and also on various service-oriented industries. The city is a popular high-tech centre. Turku Science Park complex in Kupittaa hosts over 300 companies, many of which specialize in information technologies and biotechnologies.
- Due to Turku port's location, the harbor offers the most efficient route to serve Baltic Sea. Turku Harbour is among the major shipment points in the country. It handles more than 4 million tonnes of cargo and corresponding 4 million passengers annually.
- Turku is the only Finland's port with a train ferry service. Limited train ferry operation for cargo is provided by SeaWind Line.
- Cultural venues in the city of Turku include several art galleries, theatres and cinemas, as well as a philharmonic orchestra. The cultural centre organises several regular events, most notably the annual Medieval Market held in July. Turku is Finland's official Christmas city, and 'Christmas Peace' is declared on every December 24 from Brinkkala Hall balcony. The rock festival Ruisrock and Turku Music Festival are among the oldest in Scandinavia. Turku also hosts Down by the Laituri, another rock festival, and one of the largest Northern Europen electronic music festivals, UMF ("New Music Festival", Uuden Musiikin Festivaali).
Meyer Turku shipyard Perno
The shipbuilding company Meyer Werft GmbH has its headquarters in Papenburg Germany. In Papenburg are also the company's main (largest) shipbuilding facilities, including 3 dry-docks - the world's largest roofed drydocks ever constructed. The Meyer Werft company was founded in 1795 and is currently among the world's largest shipbuilders of passenger vessels.
- Turku shipyard's facility is named Perno shipyard. The shipyard covers a total area of 1,44 km2 (0,56 ml2). The facility features a large dry-dock (length 365 m / 1198 ft) and a large bridge crane (lifting capacity 600 tons, operative height 70 m, track 150 m).
- Among Meyer Turku's assets are also the subsidiary companies Shipbuilding Completion, ENG'nD (in Rauma) and Piikkio Works ()marine vessel modular cabins manufacturer).
- Turku shipbuilding business started with the Wartsila company. Construction works on the yard started in May 1974. The shipyard became operational in 1979.
- Here Wartsila developed new shipbuilding methods. Hulls were constructed with modular design (in modules), which increased the productivity but also required indoor facilities for all the welding and sheet metal works. In 1979, Wartsila inaugurated the yard's Perno computing centre, starting the world's first computer aided shipbuilding production of vessel modules. In 1984 was introduced the CAD system.
- In October 1987, Wartsila and Valmet merged together their shipbuilding businesses into the new company Wartsila Marine. However, price calculation errors (among other reasons) resulted in Wartsila Marine's bankruptcy in 1989.
- In November 1989, a new shipbuilding company was established and named Masa-Yards. Its owners were Finland (state), Suomen Yhdyspankki (Nordea Bank) and all the shipowners which vessels were still unfinished at the shipyards in Perno and Helsinki.
- By 1991, Masa-Yards' major owner was the Norwegian company Kvaerner, which bought out the stakes of Finland and the shipowners. In 1991, the company was renamed to Kvaerner Masa-Yards.
- Among the company's shiporders were a japanese cruise ship by NYK Line) and 4 LNG carriers (by NGSCO / UAE).
- In the late 1990s, Kvaerner Masa's Permo shipyard started building RCI (Royal Caribbean) cruise ships of the Voyager-class. The first vessel from this series was Voyager of the Seas (1999) followed by two sister ships - Explorer of the Seas (2000) and Adventure of the Seas (2001). Later, RCI ordered two modified Voyager-class (larger) cruise vessels - Navigator of the Seas (2002) and Mariner of the Seas (2003).
- In 2001, the shipyard was acquired by the Norwegian company Aker ASA.
- In 2005 the 3 Aker-owned shipbuilding yards (Kvaerner Masa and Rauma) merged into the company Aker Finnyards (renamed to "Aker Yards" in 2006).
- In 2008, the South Korean shipbuilding corporation STX acquired Aker Yards and renamed the company to STX Europe. The company STX Europe is headquartered in Oslo Norway and operates over a dozen large shipyards located in South America (Brazil), Asia (Vietnam) and Europe (STX France, Norway, Romania).
- In September 2014, Meyer Werft acquired 70% of the shipbuilder STX Finland. Also then, Meyer Werft bought the Turku shipyard from the shipbuilder STX Europe - former Aker Yards (until 2012 operating as subsidiary company of South Korea's STX Corporation). The remaining 30% were state-owned stake (by Finland). In 2015, Finland's stake of 30% was bought by Meyer Werft.
- Meyer Werft is a family-owned and managed company. In 1997, it became part of Meyer Neptun Group (with the acquisition of Neptun Werft in Rostock). In 2014, Finland's Turku shipyard (named Meyer Turku Oy) was also added to the group.
- In 2017, the Turku shipyard increased its investments for new steel-cutting equipment from the planned EUR 75 million to EUR 185 million. The investments included a profile cutting line, a plate cutting line and a panel line to the steel halls. The new equipment was ordered to boost Meyer Turku's steel production in order to fulfil the record breaking shipbuilding order book 2017-2024. The new laser-hybrid technology is basically digitally-controlled welding.
- In Nov 2017 was installed a new lifting crane (height 120 m / 394 ft, capacity 1200 tons) manufactured by the Finnish company Konecranes Plc.
- In May 2018 Meyer Turku announced a 5-year investment plan of EUR 200 million for shipyard infrastructure improvements, implementing new technologies and expanding its design team and staff (from 1900 to around 4000.
- In June 2018, Scandinavia's largest gantry crane was delivered to Meyer Turku. The Goliath crane (by KoneCranes) has height 120 m, rail span 154 m, track length 750 m, lifting capacity 1200 tons, lifting height 90 m. It is used for lifting large prefabricated blocks during the construction of largest cruise liners.
Turku cruise terminal
CruiseMapper's digital map of Turku cruise port shows the location of Meyer Turku Perno shipyard. Turku City and its cruise port are located to the east, so you'll need to zoom out a little to see it. Cruise ships in Turku Finland dock at a dedicated cruise terminal facility located at Aura River's mouth (the below photo).
Port Turku spans a wide region on the city's southern coastline - from River Aura's mouth to the district Pansio. The area is located around the railway station. The port provides regularly scheduled ferry service (twice daily) via the ferries operated by the companies Viking Line and Silja Line. Their ferry ships link Turku with Stockholm through Mariehamn (Aland Islands).
CruiseMapper's list of cruise ships built in Turku Finland (in and after 2000) includes:
- Adventure Of The Seas (2001)
- Allure Of The Seas (2010) world's largest
- Explorer Of The Seas (2000)
- Freedom Of The Seas (2006)
- Independence Of The Seas (2008)
- Liberty Of The Seas (2007)
- Mariner Of The Seas (2003)
- Navigator Of The Seas (2002)
- Oasis Of The Seas (2009) world's largest
- Icon Of The Seas (2022)
- Costa Smeralda (2019)
- Mein Schiff 3 (2014)
- Mein Schiff 4 (2015)
- Mein Schiff 5 (2016)
- Mein Schiff 6 (2017)
- Mein Schiff 1 (2018)
- Mein Schiff 2 (2019)
- (cruise ferries) Color Fantasy (2004), Stena Scandinavica (2003), Viking Grace (2013), Megastar (2017)
The list of shipowners of vessels constructet by Turku Finland includes:
- Royal Caribbean
- AIDA Cruises
- Costa Cruises
- TUI Cruises
- Holland America Line
- Celestyal Cruises
- Star Cruises (Genting Hong Kong) Asia
- various small cruise lines
Other related CruiseMapper pages are themed on cruise ship design-construction-shipbuilders and newest cruise ships (on order / under construction).
Port Turku cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Turku, Finland. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
|30 August, 2019|
The Turku cruise port map is interactive. It shows the port's exact location, along with the real-time cruise ship traffic (if any) in its vicinity - today, and right now. By zooming-out you can see other cruise ship ports located near Turku, Finland.
If you lose the Turku location on the map, simply reload the page (also with F5 button). This feature is integrated with the CruiseMapper's cruise ship tracker tracking the vessels' current positions at sea and in ports.
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