Kerch is an Azov-Black Sea port and city on Crimea Peninsula, with a population of around 150,000. Since 2014, the city is part of the Russian Federation (Republic of Crimea). The other major Russian Crimea ports are Sevastopol, Yalta, Feodosia, Yevpatoria.
Kerch Strait separates the Azov Sea from the Black Sea. In 2015-2018 was built Crimean Bridge. This is a combined road-railroad bridge (actually 2 parallel bridges). By length (11 km / 11 ml), Crimean Bridge is ranked Europe's longest. The bridge connects directly Kerch with Taman (Krasnodar Krai, Russia).
The town (under the name Panticapaeum) was founded as a Greek colony in 7th century BC, making it one of the oldest Crimean cities. In the 6th-7th centuries AD, the town (renamed Bospor) was ruled by Byzantine Empire (395-1453) and developed under Greek Christianity. In the 7th century was conquered by the Khazars and renamed Karcha. In the late-10th century, Khazaria was conquered by Kievan Rus. In the 13th century, Crimea was invaded by the Mongols. In 1318 AD, the town (named Cerco) became a colony of the Republic of Genoa (1005-1797). In 1475, it became part of the Ottoman Empire (1299-1922), renamed Kerch, and served as the slave-market. In 1790 it became part of the Russian Empire (1721-1917). In the early-19th century, Kerch developed into a major trade hub and fishing port.
Today, Kerch is an important seaport and resort destination, with main industries metallurgy, shipbuilding, ship repairs, floating docks, commercial fishing, tourism, aircraft repairs, oil and gas, manufacturing (glass-optics, instruments, machinery.
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