Nain NL (Nunainguk) is a port town in Canada's Newfoundland and Labrador province, with population around 1,000 (almost all of whom are Inuit). Since 2005, the town is the administrative capital of Nunatsiavut (an autonomous Inuit Land Claims Area), while Hopedale (located approx 1090 mi / 1750 km to the south-southwest by air) is Nunatsiavut's legislative capital. Happy Valley-Goose Bay (Nunatsiavut's principal seaport and airport) is approx 370 km (230 mi) to the south by air.
The town can be accessed only by ships/boats and aircraft.
During summer, regularly scheduled weekly ferries (leaving roundtrip from Vali/Happy Valley-Goose Bay) interlink Rigolet, Makkovik, Postville, Hopedale, Natuashish, Nain (being the route's northernmost port). As cruise port, Nain is visited by smaller-sized (expedition type) ships and ice-strengthened superyachts.
Nain Airport serves regular flights (by PAL Airlines) connecting to CFB Goose Bay Airport (Canadian Forces Base), Hopedale, Makkovik, Natuashish, Postville, Rigolet, Voisey's Bay Mine. Flights to other Canadian airports are via CFB Goose Bay. Nain Airport can handle only small planes and helicopters.
In close proximity to Nain (off Labrador's mainland coast) are the islands Paul (the largest), Rhodes, Barth, Satosoak, Hillsbury.
The settlement was established in the late-18th-century with the Hebron Mission (by the Moravian Brethren/Church) founded in 1771.