Providencia Island (Colombia, officially named Isla de Providencia) is a mountainous island in southwestern Caribbean Sea, located midway between Jamaica and Costa Rica. Providencia and the neighbouring San Andres Island and Santa Catalina Island form the department "San Andres y Providencia". The goup is located approx 775 km (482 ml) northwest of mainland Colombia (South America). Providencia island has population around 5,000.
- Island's highest elevation point is 360 m (1181 ft) above sea level. The smaller island Santa Catalina is connected through a 100-metre footbridge to the larger Providencia. El Embrujo Airport (domestic flights) serves the island.
- Providencia was the site of English Puritan colony founded in 1629 by Providence Island Company. In 1641 it was briefly taken by the Spanish. Pirate Henry Morgan used the island as a base for raiding Spanish empire. Rumours suggest much of pirate's treasure remained hidden on the island. Different parts of Providencia are named after Henry Morgan. Forts and cannons that date back hundreds of years ago can be found all over Santa Catalina.
- As of 2015 Providencia Island was not seriously affected by Colombia's drug trafficking. However, many islanders were recruited to work for the drug cartels using their seafaring skills, knowledge of the surrounding waters and the shortage of employment opportunities.
- Old Providence McBean Lagoon (995 hectares national park) is located on the island's northeastern side, between Rocky Point and Maracaibo. The nature park consists of Cayes (small isles), coral reefs, mangroves, tropical forest and lagoons, with a small tourist centre (located on Crab Caye).