Pulau Flores Island is one of Lesser Sunda Islands located in Indonesia's eastern half. The island is part of East Nusa Tenggara province and has land area approx 13,540 km2 (5,230 ml2) and population around 1,84 million. The largest port town is Maumere (population around 55,000). Flores Island is east of Komodo and Sumbawa and west of Alor Islands and Lembata. Timor is southeast. To the south (across Sumba Strait) is Sumba Island and beyond Flores Sea (to the north) is Sulawesi.
Among all Indonesian islands, Flores is ranked 10th most populous and 10th largest. Its west coast is one of the few sites (aside from Komodo Island) where Komodo dragons (up to 3 m long lizards) are found in the wild. It is part of UNESCO's Komodo National Park (also including the islands Komodo and Rinca). Kelimutu National Park is island's 2nd national park preserving endangered species.
The most popular tourist attraction on Pulau Flores is its 1639-m (5377-ft) Kelimutu volcano (near Moni Town) featuring 3 colored lakes. These crater lakes in the caldera are fed by volcanic gas source, which makes the water highly acidic. These lakes change colors (red through green and blue) on irregular basis, depending on water's oxidation state.
Diving and snorkelling locations are found along island's northern coast, the most popular being Riung and Maumere. Sadly, the coral reefs were practically destroyed as fishermen use bombs to fish, locals sell shells to tourists, plus the devastating effects of the 7,8 Richter magnitude Flores earthquake and tsunami (December 12, 1992).
In addition to tourism, island's major economic activities include seaweed production, agriculture and fishing. Flores is among Indonesia's newest coffee production territories. Previously, most Coffea Arabica from Flores Island was blended mixed with other origins. Currently, demand for this kind of coffee is growing due to its heavy body and sweet (floral, woody and chocolate) notes.
Pulau Flores Island cruise terminal
Most cruise ships to Pulau Flores berth at Larantuka Dock (on island's eastern coast). Some ships may dock at Ende (on island's southern coast).