Trincomalee (Gokanna) is a port town and capital of Trincomalee District (Sri Lanka's Eastern Province) with total area approx 8 km2 (3 ml2) and population around 100,000. Trincomalee is among country's main centres of the Tamil-speaking culture. The city was built on a peninsula, dividing its inner and outer harbours.
The city of Trincomalee is home to the popular Koneswaram temple and other historical monuments like Bhadrakali Amman Temple, Trincomalee Hindu College and Trincomalee Hindu Cultural Hall. The city is also the site of Trincomalee railway station and ancient ferry service to harbour's south side at Muttur and to Jaffna.
The European powers competed for mastery of the harbour, ruled over the years by Portuguese, Dutch, French and British. The harbour (ranked world's 5th largest natural harbour) is overlooked by highlands. The harbor entrance is guarded by two headlands. A road runs along its eastern and northern edges. There are plans for developing the harbour into a commercial seaport.
In 2015, Sri Lanka and India agreed to develop the largest oil depot of South Asia at a seaport close to Trincomalee. Indian Oil Corporation and Ceylon Petroleum Corporation work together to develop Upper Tank Farm at China Bay.
Trincomalee is sacred to both Tamils and Hindus. It has numerous temples of historical importance, including Koneswaram, Bhadrakali, Sri Muthumariamman. The city also has some of Sri Lanka's most scenic beaches (relatively clean and unspoilt) popular for swimming and sun bathing. Whale watching is another common activity in the area. There are the 7 hot springs of Kanniya on the road to the city of Trincomalee. A wall bounds the rectangular enclosure that includes all 7 springs. Each of them is in turn enclosed via a dwarf wall in order to form a well. The temperature of each spring is slightly different, but the water is warm and relaxing.