Wiesbaden is a Rhine River cruise port and city in Hesse state (Germany) with population around 290,000 (metro around 560,000). The metro area Wiesbaden-Frankfurt-Darmstadt-Mainz has combined population around 5,8 million.
The city is located on Rhine's northern bank (after the confluence of Main River) and across the river from Mainz (Rhineland-Palatinate state's capital). Frankfurt is approx 38 km (24 ml) to the east.
Wiesbaden is one of Europe's oldest spa resort destinations, famous for its hot springs used since Roman times. Spring bathing was developed as important business in the Middle Ages, when were operated a total of 16 bath houses. By the 18th century their number grew to 23. Along with spa bathing, the city was also famous as destination for gambling. Until 1872 (when Spielbank was closed), Wiesbaden Casino rivalled Bad Homburg vor der Hohe, Baden-Baden and Monaco. The casino was reopened in 1949. Pupolar tourist events held annually in Wiesbaden are International May Festival, Rheingau Wine Festival, Rheingau Musik Festival.
Popular toursit attractions include Palace Square buildings, Luisenplatz buildings, churches (St Bonifatius, St Elizabeth's, Protestant Marktkirche, Bergkirche, Lutherkirche), 3 state museums, Warme Damm park. The city is served by a river cargo port (containership port) and 2 airports (Frankfurt Airport, Frankfurt Hahn Airport).
Here are headquartered or operated major companies like Abbott Laboratories (US health care company), DXC Technology (US consulting and information technologies), Ferrari (Italian car manufacturer), Federal-Mogul (US rail and vehicle products manufacturer), Melbourne IT (Australian Internet company), NCL Norwegian Cruise Line, SCA-Svenska Cellulosa (Swedish timber-pulp-paper manufacturer), SGL Carbon (chemical company), Dyckerhoff GmbH (cement-building materials manufacturer), KION Group (materials handling equipment manufacturer), DBV-Winterthur Holding (insurance company), R+V Versicherung (insurance company), Industriepark Kalle-Albert (one of Germany's largest). The city is ranked state's second largest by generated gross domestic product per person.