Isla Pan de Azucar (Chile) is the largest island in Pan de Azucar National Park, best-known for its breeding colony of Humboldt Penguins. Wildlife also includes sea lions and various sea birds (also Peruvian pelicans). Fauna includes over 20 cactus species. The climate is desert, with max-min temperatures between 18-5 C (65-41 F). Rainfall is in the summer (average max 15 mm).
Most popular cruise ship tourist activities are scuba diving, sea kayaking, fishing, wildlife-themed boat tours (around the island, but tourists are not allowed to leave the boat). As amenities, Isla Pan de Azucar offers camping and lodging, food service, information, assistance by park rangers. Destinations visited on boat tours and cruise shore excursions include Cisne Bay, Inglesa Bay, El Chuncho Beach, Puerto Viejo Beach, Caleta (Cove / fisher settlement), Balneario Flamenco, Caldera, Chanaral. Northward from Caleta, a gravel road links to Pan-American Highway (33,000-km / 19,000-ml long road network across North and South America).
Parque Nacional Pan de Azucar (National Park / translate "sugar loaf") straddles the border between two Chilean regions (Antofagasta and Atacama). The park is approx 30 km (19 ml) north of Isla Chanaral and 180 km (50 ml) north of Copiapo (usually accessed from Santiago). The park was founded in 1985 and currently covers total area approx 438 km2 (169 ml2). Pan de Azucar NP is open the whole week between 8:30-12:30 am and 2-6 pm. Park's land fauna includes mammals (guanaco, culpeo and chilla foxes, European / brown hare) and reptile (mainly Tropidurus and Callopistes).