Rijeka is Croatia's principal (largest) seaport. By population (around 130,000, metro over 245,000) the city is ranked the country's 3rd-largest - following the capital Zagreb and Split. The port is located on Kvarner Bay. Other major Croatian passenger (cruise and ferry) ports are Dubrovnik, Split, Zadar, Sibenik.
Historically, due to its strategic position and excellent deep-water port, Rijeka was ferociously contested, especially among Croatia, Italy and Hungary (serving as Kingdom of Hungary's biggest and most important port), changing hands many times over centuries. The overwhelming majority of citizens (83%) are presently Croats (according to 2011 census data), along with a number of Italians, Serbs and Bosniaks.
Rijeka is the major city of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County. Its economy is largely dependent on shipbuilding (shipyards "Viktor Lenac Shipyard" and "3. Maj") and maritime transport. The city of Rijeka hosts Croatian National Theatre Ivan pl.Zajc, first constructed in 1765, and the University of Rijeka, established in 1973 but with roots that date back to School of Theology (1632).
Port Rijeka is Croatia's largest seaport in terms of cargo shipping traffic. Statistics for 2015 show nearly 11 million tons of cargo handled, mostly refined petroleum products and crude oil, general and bulk cargoes and TEU containers. The port is managed by Port of Rijeka Authority. The first record of port in Rijeka dates back to 1281. In 1719, Port of Rijeka was granted the charter as free port. Ferry connections exist between Rijeka and surrounding cities and islands, but there are no direct international passenger ship connections. Coastal lines to Split and Dubrovnik operate twice a week and provide international connections.
In 2016, the city was selected as European Capital of Culture for 2020, along with Galway Ireland.
Rijeka City's economy is largely based on shipbuilding and maritime transport. Here are located the shipyards "3 Maj" and "Viktor Lenac".
3 Maj Shipyard (Rijeka)
3 Maj ("Third May Shipyard") builds mainly oil tankers, bulk cargo vessels and container ships. Occasionally, here are also constructed smaller passenger ships, ferries and yachts. The 3 Maj yard employs approx 2900 workers. Its first docks were built in 1892 and leased by a Germany company under the name "Howaldtswerke". In 1902, after the German rent expired, the yard had low activity. In 1905, three Hungarian businessmen resumed the yard's operations (under the name "Danubius"). In 1920, the yard was leased by an Italian company and renamed to "Cantieri Navali del Quarnaro".
During WW2 (1939-1945), the shipyard was destroyed, and following the war had to be completely rebuilt. Then it was renamed to "Kvarnersko Brodogradiliste", later renamed to "3 Maj" (in memory of May 3, 1945, when the town was freed from German occupation)
When Croatia was part of Yugoslavia, the shipyard was one of the Mediterranean's largest, employing around 4500 workers at full capacity.
At 3 Maj Shipyard is built the luxury mega-yacht Scenic Eclipse II (2020).
Viktor Lenac Shipyard (Rijeka)
Viktor Lenac Shipyard is located approx 3 km / 2 ml from Port Rijeka. The shipyard was among the world's first making ship lengthenings. It has all 3 floating drydocks, 1 drydock for vessels with DWT up to 160,000 tons, over 1 km of berthing / quays, a large offshore construction site.
Currently, Viktor Lenac Shipyard specializes in ship conversions and offshore gas platform construction.
- The yard was founded in 1896 (under the name "Lazarus") as a ship repair facility serving vessels of the Austro-Hungarian Empire's fleet. In 1948, the shipyard was nationalised and renamed "Viktor Lenac".
- In late 1960s, the yard was moved 3 km / 2 ml to the south to its current location, which had deeper draught. After purchasing 2 floating drydocks and cranes, the yard developed shiprepair, vessel conversion and offshore platform capabilities. Today, Viktor Lenac Shipyard is Croatia's only privately owned shipyard.
- After being rescued several times by Croatian government guarantees, in Nov 2003 the company filed for bankruptcy, reporting debts of EUR 102 million. The process was completed in 2008.
- Since 2008, the currently owned by "Tankerska plovidba" (country's largest shipping company) shipyard is Croatia's largest, followed by Uljanik Shipyard in Pula, which is country's builder of RoRo vessels / car carriers, and dredging ships).
- Since 2009, following a major refurbishment, Floating Dock 11 can accommodate Suezmax vessels.
Port Rijeka cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Rijeka, Croatia. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
|14 May, 2019|
|23 May, 2019|
|25 May, 2019|
|Mein Schiff 6||07:00||18:00|
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