Gdynia and Gdansk are Baltic Sea ports in Poland. Gdynia is the cruise port of Gdansk City and also the Polish Navy's homeport. The town has a naval museum and several maritime schools. Gdansk is Poland's largest cargo port, with capacity to handle currently world's largest ships.
From Gdynia, cruise passengers can visit Poland's oldest city - Gdansk (fka Danzig) and also Malbork Castle. Between 13th-15th centuries, the fortress was one of Europe's largest and most powerful. Among the other best-known tourist destinations is Sopot - one of Poland's biggest and most popular seaside resorts.
During season 2017, Port Gdansk had scheduled a total of 67 ship calls (over 200% increase over 2016) and handled over 30,000 passengers. Of all ship calls, 40 were cruise vessels and their passengers - around 17,000. Vessels' sizes were also record-breaking - with average gross tonnage over 24,800 GT-tons and average LOA length up to 170 m (558 ft). Among the visiting cruise liners in 2017 were AIDAcara, (June 16 and 30), Thomson Celebration (July 19) and National Geographic Orion (April 12, May 13).
Port Gdańsk is one of Baltic Sea's largest ports. It is located on Gdańsk Bay's southern coast and extends along Vistula River's estuary Martwa Wisła. The seaport is divided into Inner Port and Exterior (Northern) Port.
Inner Port houses the port operator company "Port of Gdansk Cargo Logistics (bulk and general cargo handling and storage), DCT Gdańsk Container Terminal, ferry terminals, Poland's largest ferry company Polferries, phosphates (bulk cargo) terminal, liquid and bulk sulphur (cargo) terminal, fruit terminal, Port Free Zone. At Inner Port are handled mainly grain, fertilizers, lumber, ore, steel, boxships, Ro-Ro vessels and Ro-Pax vessels (car and passenger ferries).
Exterior Port is in Gdansk Bay. Here are handled the largest vessels (up to DWT 300,000 tons and max draft 15 m / 50 ft). Exterior Port houses coal terminal, Naftoport terminal (crude oil, fuels), LPG terminal (liquefied petroleum gas) and DCT-Deepwater Container Terminal. DCT is Poland's largest and Baltic Sea's only terminal with capacity to handle ULCVs (ultra-large container vessels) with max capacity 23,000 TEUs. In 2018, DCT Gdańsk handled 1,9 million TEUs. The terminal has quay length 1306 m (4285 ft) and max water depth 17 m (56 ft).
In 2016, Port Gdansk reported a record year with handled over 37,3 million tons of cargo. For 2017-H1 (first half), the port handled total 18,5 million cargo tons. For 2018-H1, transshipment volumes were over 25 million tons. Increases in transshipments were reported for general cargo (37%), TEU-containers (44%), commercial vehicles (24%), bulk cargo (21,2%). Traffic with other Baltic Sea ports increased by 35%, including with St Petersburg Russia (14%), Klaipeda Lithuania (7,5%) and Riga Latvia (0,7%).
In November 2017, Port Gdansk Authority leased a port property to Krajowa Spolka Cukrowa for building a new sugar cargo terminal (silo capacity 50,000 tons) plus facility access infrastructure. The new terminal is adjacent to Nabrzeze Wislane Quay, which allows entry of large-capacity bulk cargo vessels. The new facility includes a large silo, sugar packing facility, logistics warehouse (capacity 10,000 tons), parking (capacity 37 trucks) and container depot (capacity 130 containers). The terminal's annual capacity is around 300,000 tons of sugar. The sugar is delivered in rail containers and also via silo trucks.
On November 21, 2017, arrived the first KIA cars as the Polish company Adampol SA started commercial vehicle transshipments at Port Gdansk. New cars transshipments by Adampol are via cooperation with the Slovakian factory that assembles 5- and 3-door versions of "KIA Cee'd", as well as "KIA Sportage" and "KIA Venga". The new cars are transported from Zilina (Slovakia) to Port Gdansk, where they are stored and loaded onto a car carrier (RoRo ship) taking them to the UK. This deal made the port an important new automobiles logistics hub.
- Statistics for 2017 showed over 60,000 commercial vehicles transshipped from Gdansk (over 400% increase over 2016). Before November 2017, KIA cars were transported via Cuxhaven Germany. The new logistics route avoids congestion on the German motorways, as well as at other ports. As of 2017, Adampol's KIA cars total annual transshipment volume for the UK market was about 50,000 vehicles. Adampol also has contracts for Hyundai and Nissan vehicle transshipments.
- In 2017, Nissan changed its logistics route for East-Central Europe. Now all manufactured in Japan, Spain and UK Nissan cars are distributed via Port Gdansk across Poland, as well as to Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary and Ukraine. The assembled in Czech Republic Hyundai vehicles are transported via roads and railways to Port Gdansk, from where are shipped to the UK.
In 2018, Port Gdansk transhipped nearly half of all goods through all cargo ports in Poland. Thanks to this it is getting closer and closer to the podium of the largest Baltic ports. FY2017 ended with transhipped 40,6 million tons of goods (Poland's all-time record). In 2018, the port broke this record with 49+ million tons (20,7% increase) Highest growths were in coal (7,2 million tons, +41%), TEU-containers (20 million tons, +21%), general cargo (21,5 million tons, +18%), fuels (15,5 million tons, +18%), bulk cargo (3,9 million tons, +14%). As of 2019, Port Gdansk is ranked 3rd largest in Baltic Sea. Port Gdynia is ranked 4th-largest. The largest Baltic Sea ports (from around 200 cargo ports) are Aarhus and Malmo-Copenhagen.
In 2020, Port Gdansk will inaugurate the expanded Oliwskie Quay. The project is part of the EU co-financed port development program, which also includes expansion projects for Zakretu Pieciu Gwizdkow Quay, Ziolkowskiego Quay and Polferries Quay (former ferry terminal).
- Quays' total length is approx 1,2 km (0,75 ml). For the project, all 7 potential contractors submitted bids / tendered.
- Works will be carried out in phases to allow the quays to remain operational.
- Construction works include demolition works, quay sites, waterworks and sewage pipelines. Of all funds, 85% are from CEF (Connecting Europe Facility / EU funding instrument).
- Port extension project cost PLN 1 billion (USD 290 million / EUR 237 million).
Gdynia cruise terminal
Most cruise ships (including all large-sized) dock at Gdynia port's Francuskie Pier, located in the port's industrial area. There are no passenger terminal facilities here. Bus shuttles to Gdynia are available. Francuskie Pier is at approx 30-min walking distance to the town's Main Railway Station. Train travel to Gdansk is about 40-min. From Gdansk Main Railway Station to Dluga Street (Old Town) is about 15-min walking.
Smaller-sized cruise ships often dock at the Oliwskie Pier (in Gdansk's New Port), located approx 4 ml (6 km) from the city center. Taxis and shuttle buses from here are offered at additional cost.
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