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Tokyo is a large seaport and Japan's capital city (Tokyo Metropolis) located on Honshu Island's southern part (Tokyo Bay's western shore). Tokyo is also Japan's largest city with population over 13,6 million (metro over 37,8 million). Port Tokyo is one of country's largest seaports, with annual shipping traffic capacity around 100 million cargo tons and 4,5 million TEUs (containers). The seaport employs over 30,000 people serving over 32,000 vessels annually. The city is served by two international airports - Narita and Haneda.
The city (named Edo) was renamed and became country's capital in 1868, when Tokugawa dynasty was overthrown. Old Town Edo is the heart of downtow Tokyo, and is most famous with the Imperial Palace and its surrounding parks. In Kasumigaseki district are most government buildings.
Among Northern Tokyo's best known tourist attractions are Ueno Park (shrines, tombs, pagodas), Tokyo National Museum (archaelogical artefacts and Japanese art), Senso-ji temple. Tokyo's best for shopping area is Ginza district.
The metropolis has been left in ruins twice - during Great Kanto earthquake (1923) and after the US bombings during WW2 (1939-1945). This explains why the landscape has predominantly modern architecture. The city features 2 distinctive towers: Tokyo Tower and Tokyo Skytree (opened 2012, Construction cost USD 600 million) - Japan's tallest and the world's second tallest structure (height 634 m / 2080 ft, 35 floors) after Dubai's Burj Khalifa (height 830 m / 2722 .ft, opened in 2010, construction cost USD 1,5 billion).
Tokyo City has numerous gardens and parks, including 4 national parks, among which is Fuji-Hakone-Izu (comprising all of Izu Islands). During cherry blossoms bloom, many thousands of residents gather in the Inokashira Park, Ueno Park, and Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden for picnics under the trees. Each year on July's last Saturday, an amazing fireworks show over Sumida River attracts over 1 million spectators.
"Bureau of Port and Harbor" is Port Tokyo's authority company, which manages, administers, maintains and upgrades the seaport as infrastructure and facilities / terminals, also develops reclaimed lands, the waterfront area, and all seaside parks.
The seaport serves not only Tokyo City, but also large part of Shinetsu Region and southern Tohoku (total population over 40 million). The port links land and sea transportation of both import and export goods. The port authority constantly enhances the port's terminals (cargo, container, ferry and cruise), providing warehouse storage facilities located mainly on reclaimed lands.
Statistics for 2009 show that the port served over 28,000 vessels. The handled cargo was around 72,5 million tons, of which around 40,7 million tons were foreign trade (exports 12,1 million tons, imports 28,6 million tons). The vast majority of the foreign trade through the port is with Asian countries (over 70%) The port's second largest foreign shipping trade partner is North America and the 3rd is Europe.
Foreign Imported via cargo shipping commodities in Tokyo include chemical products, personal goods, electrical equipment, furniture, equipment, processed foods, fruits and vegetables, industrial machinery, pulp / paper. Port's foreign exports include chemical industry products, reusable materials, industrial machinery, autos and auto parts, scrap metal, electrical equipment, rubber and metal products.
Port's inbound domestic cargo shipping includes sand and gravel, cars, petroleum products, cement, pulp / paper, oil products. Port's outbound domestic cargo shipping includes cars, waste soil, miscellaneous cargoes (heavy oil, processed food, drinks, pulp / paper).
Port Tokyo covers a land area of around 3,9 ml2 (10 km2) and has breakwater with length 5,2 ml (8,4 km). The port's total length of wharves and piers is over 14 ml (22,7 km) . The port has 204 berths, which include 15 container ship berths with total length around 2,8 ml (4,5 km). Tokyo is homeport for passenger and car ferries (Ro-Pax ships) linking the capital city with Shikoku and Kyushu.
Port's container terminals include:
- Oi Container Terminal (inaugurated in 1999) is one of the country's most modern terminals) covers almost 1 km2 (234 acres). The terminal has 7 berths (total length 1,5 ml / 2,4 km, max draft 15 m / 49 ft). The terminal is equipped with 20 gantry cranes and ultra-modern cargo distribution facilities and warehouses.
- Aomi Container Terminal has 5 berths (total length 0,98 ml / 1,57 km). Two berths are with max draft 13 m (43 ft) and 3 berths are with max draft 15 m (49 ft).
- Shinagawa Container Terminal is the japan's oldest (inaugurated in 1967) and public (managed by the metro Government). Currently, Shinagawa Terminal serves the container shipping trade with South Korea, Southeast Asia and China, plus several Japanese coastal routes. The terminal has all 3 berths (total length 623 ft / 190 m, max draft 10 m / 33 ft) and is equipped with 4 gantry cranes.
- Wakasu Terminal serves only domestic containerized cargo trade with 1 berth (length 623 ft / 190 m, max draft 11 m / 36 ft).
Port's bulk and breakbulk terminals include:
- Oi Foodstuffs Terminal has 3 berths and handles mainly imports (wheat, fresh fruits / vegetables, other foodstuff). It has 3 berths and a wheat mill and silo complex (relocated from Harumi Terminal). Terminal's facilities include 2 transit sheds (for imported food products, 1 berth (length 755 ft / 230 m, max draft 12 m / 39 ft) and another 2 berths (total length 1247 ft / 380 m, max draft 11 m / 36 ft).
- Oi Marine Products Terminal has 2 berths (total length 1476 ft / 450 m, max draft 12 m / 39 ft) and handles imported frozen seafood. Behind the terminal, there are 3 cold-storage sheds, private warehouses, 6 cold-storage warehouses.
- Oi Construction Material Terminal has 4 berths (total length 918 ft / 280 m, max draft 5 m / 16 ft).
- Wakasu Construction Materials Terminal (inaugurated in 1989) is public and handles domestic sand, gravel, stone. It has 4 berths (total length 1214 ft / 370 m, max draft 5,5 m / 18 ft).
- Among others, Odaiba Liner Terminal, Foreign Trade Terminal and Harumi Terminal serve general cargo vessels.
- Odaiba Liner Terminal has 9 berths (total length 1,8 km, max draft 10 m / 33 ft) and handles mainly steel, pulp / paper, timber
- Bulk Cargo Terminal (inaugurated 2000) is public and handles mainly foreign cargo ships carrying coal and non-ferrous metals. It has 1 berth (length 787 ft / 240 m, max draft 12 m / 39 ft).
- Lumber Terminal 15 handles imports from the USA and Canada. It has 3 berths (total length 2360 ft / 720 m, max draft 12 m / 39 ft), open-air storage yard (capacity 200,000 m3 of timber).
- Tsukishima Terminal is a fisheries base with numerous cold-storage warehouses. This terminal is a major food source for the metro area. The terminal has 2 berths (total length 873 ft / 266 m, max draft 7,5 m / 25 ft).
- Shibaura Terminal has 6 berths (total length 2560 ft / 780 m, max draft 7,5 m / 25 ft) feet), handles general cargo (cement, papers, foodstuffs) and has numerous transit sheds and storage lots.
- Takeshiba Terminal has 3 berths (total length 1526 ft / 465 m, max draft 7,5 m / 25 ft) and handles general cargo and agricultural products.
- Hinode Terminal has 6 berths (total length 1850 ft / 564 m, max draft 6,7 m / 22 ft) and handles foodstuffs, paper, non-ferrous metals.
Port's Ro/Ro (Roll-on/roll-off) ship terminals include:
- Shinagawa Domestic Trade Terminal handles autos, newsprint, miscellaneous ro-ro cargoes to and from Port Hokkaido. The terminal has 3 berths (total length 1562 ft / 476 m, max draft 8 m / 26 ft) plus another 2 berths (total length 1245 ft / 380 m, max draft 10 m / 33 ft).
- Tatsumi Terminal (inaugurated 2002) handles steel and miscellaneous goods between Tokyo and remote Japanese islands. It has 13 berths (total length 3410 ft / 1040 m, max draft 5 m / 16 ft).
- No 10 Terminal serves regularly scheduled ferry and cargo ships linking Tokyo with Kyushu, Okinawa and Hokkaido. The list of handled here cargoes include steel, autos, pulp / paper, general cargo. The terminal has 11 berths (total length 4920 ft / 1500 m, max draft 7,5 m / 25 ft), plus another 13 berths (total length 3020 ft / 920 m, max draft 5 m / 16 ft).
- No 10 Multi-Purpose Terminal has 1 berth (length 590 ft / 180 m, max draft 7,5 m / 25 ft)
- Tokyo Ferry Terminal has 4 berths (total length 2960 ft / 902 m, max draft 8,5 m / 28 ft) and handles general cargo and autos.
Tokyo cruise port
Port's cruise terminals are 4 - Harumi, Takeshiba, 10-1 (multi-purpose) and Hinode.
Harumi Passenger Ship Terminal (inaugurated 1991) handles both domestic and international cruise liners. The facility also serves as conference / event center and features an observation deck offering breathtaking views of the city waterfront.
- At Harumi cruise terminal is also held the annual Tokyo Port Festival (in May) with a firework show.
- Harumi Terminal has 2 berths (total length 1495 ft / 456 m, max draft 10 m / 33 ft) and has capacity to handle smaller cruise vessels (with GT tonnage up to 20,000 tons).
- There is an additional berth (length 528 ft / 161 m, max draft 9 m / 28 ft) plus another berth (length 623 ft / 190 m, max draft 10 m / 33 ft).
Takeshiba Terminal (reconstructed in 1995) links Tokyo with Izu and Ogasawara Islands. The facility has 1 passenger terminal, 1 office building, 1 hotel, commercial facilities.
No 10-1 Multi-Purpose Terminal is also used by sail ships and exhibit ships. The terminal has 1 earthquake-resistant wharf that can handle relief goods in cases of emergencies.
Hinode Terminal (port's oldest) was developed into a passenger terminal and promo center.
Since 2018, cruise port's pilotage, towage and other cruiseship charges are subsidized by the Metropolitan Government. Most vessels berth at Harumi Terminal. The traditional greeting ceremony (held during all cruise calls) includes fireboats show and dockside welcoming ceremony with live music performances.
In season 2018, the cruise port had booked 38 ship calls - an increase over 2017 (32) and 2016 (29). The growth was based mainly on foreign liners.
Tokyo cruise terminal
Most cruise ships in Tokyo dock at Harumi Terminal. Port Yokohama is approx 40 km (25 ml) from the city and is often used as an alternative port for Tokyo. Currently under construction is the new cruise terminal "Shinkyaku Pier", with scheduled completion for the 2020 Olympics. The new terminal will be able to handle even world's largest passenger liners of Royal Caribbean's Oasis-class (GT 228000 tons, LOA length 362 m, max passengers 6370 plus 2400 crew).
Nearest to the cruise terminal metro station is Kachidoki, located at approx 20-min walking distance. The other way to access the city is via bus (lines 3 and 5). The nearest bus station is Harumi Futo - just outside the cruise ship terminal.
Large-sized cruise vessels dock at Oi Marine Products Terminal, from where bus shuttles take passengers to Shinagawa Station (railway). Port Tokyo's Oi Marine Products Terminal has 2 berths (total length 450 m / 1476 ft) allowing docking of vessels with max draft 12 m (39 ft).
(new) Koto Ward cruise terminal
The new passenger terminal in Koto Ward is scheduled for completion in 2019. The facility is located south Rainbow Bridge's eastern end (Aomi district). It is closer to the city center than the Oi Terminal.
The new wharf can handle large-sized vessels. Construction works started in the end of 2013.
As most cruise liners to Tokyo usually dock at the Harumi Terminal, to reach it they pass under Rainbow Bridge. Its clearance of 52 m (171 ft) limits larger cruise ships to pass under. The new cruise ship pier can handle even the world’s largest passenger vessels of RCI's Oasis-class (gross tonnage 220,000 tons).
Port Tokyo cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Tokyo, Japan. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
|14 May, 2020|
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