Venice cruise port is the connection of Central Europe with the Middle East and North Africa. It is situated at the intersection of main sea corridors in Europe: Adriatic – Baltic Corridor, Mediterranean Sea Corridor and Helsinki – Valletta Corridor.
Port Venice (officially Porto di Venezia) is a seaport serving northeastern Italy. The port is the country's 8th largest commercial port and also among the largest and most important in southern Europe (Mediterranean Sea) concerning the cruise tourism sector. As cargo volumes, in 2006 the port handled around 30,937 million tons of freight and over 1,453 million passengers (ferry and cruise).
Port Venice is the largest Mediterranean cruise port by passenger volumes. However, due to environmentalist campaigns (since COncordia's sinking in 2012) to stop largest cruise liners in Venice (vessels over 10 decks high) Port Venice started progressively to lose ship calls. In 2017, their number dropped over 10% - from 529 (in 2016) to 470. Cruise passenger numbers were down with 11,4% (to around 1,4 million, which lead to a corresponding income fall. Since the mid 1990s, cruise ship tourism is an important income source for the city and its citizens.
- Environmentalists demand larger cruise vessels to Venice to stop navigating along Guidecca Canal to reach the port, as the route takes them within just 300 m (1000) ft of Piazza San Marco (St Mark’s Square).
- Besides the visual impact, other concerns are the damage caused by marine diesel engine pollution and the vessels' water displacement. New port regulations will require cruise ships to reduce emissions by switching to lower-sulphur fuel before entering Venice Lagoon.
- The controversy over whether cruise ships should be allowed into Venice were heightened right after Costa Concordia ship's capsizing near Giglio Island. Following the accident, the government issued a law banning cruise liners with gross tonnage over 96,000 GT from navigating the Guidecca Canal. The number of smaller cruise vessels (over 40,000 GT) along the channel was limited to 5 per day. In 2014, this law came into effect, just to be thrown out 2 months later by the Venice Court of Appeal.
- In mid-June, 2017, over 18,000 Venetians voted in unofficial referendum about banning large cruise vessels that navigate near St Mark Square. Activists set up a total of 60 polling booths, where 17,874 citizens voted to eject the ships which produce waves shaking the city's wooden foundations.
- In September 2017, three of the world's largest cruise companies (Carnival, Royal Caribbean, MSC) run shipping simulations on large liners navigating the Vittorio Emanuele III Channel route (Stazione Marittima) as a proposed alternative to the banned Guidecca Channel route.
MOSE - Venice flood barrier project
MOSE project is designed to protect Venice and Venetian Lagoon from flooding caused by high tides (up to 3 m / 10 ft). The integrated system consists of rows of large mobile gates at 3 inlets (Lido, Malamocco and Chioggia) through which Adriatic Sea water enters and leaves the Venetian Lagoon.
These gates are able to temporarily isolate the lagoon from the sea during high tides as they open and close separately thus controlling the water flow.
In the Mose system's control centre is in Venice’s Arsenal, where 9 people constantly monitor the lagoon's conditions. The monitoring staff's training started in 2011 by simulating real-time flood defence operations. During that period was also collected data about water levels, waves, water pressure, fresh river flood.
- Flooding due high tides mires Venice during winter months. During high tide forecasts, sirens all over the city sound a warning, and real-time information is provided (online and via mobile phones). Other measures are setting up temporary elevated platforms in city parts with heavy pedestrian traffic.
- High tides usually last 2 1/2 hours.
- Venice's flood of November 4, 1966, saw water leavels reaching up to 194 cm (6 ft). This was the end of the agriculture in the lagoon and also resulted in the death of the majority of its plants. Previously, the lagoon was a winemaking region.
- The Mose barrier concept was first proposed in 1988.
- The consortium Venezia Nuova was contracted by Italy's Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport.
- Construction works (simultaneously at all 3 lagoon inlets) started in 2003.
- The project also included other anti-flood measures - coastal reinforcement, raising quaysides, lagoon's improvement.
- The project was 85% completed in 2014. In 2016, the gates arrived and were inserted into their concrete foundations.
- The project's total cost is EUR 5,4 billion (GBP 3,9 billion). Completion is scheduled sometime between 2018-2020.
- Construction works on the MOSE system were slowed due to investigations into corruption, with allegations of bribery and illegal political parties financing. The investigation resulted in 35 arrests (in June 2014). Among the arrested was the Consorzio Venezia Nuova's former president, who was accused of diverting funds to Venice's mayor for financing his campaign for office in 2010.
- Construction works included pre-building concrete foundations (23,000 tons each), then lowering them into the lagoon. Gates have spares (for each inlet), which allows to be removed every 5 years (for maintenance) without interrupting the barrier's service. All hinges on the gates are equipped with a waterproof camera that permits removal operations to be accurately monitored and controlled.
- The commercial harbor is impacted each time the gates are lifted. The amount of electricity used for the operations is also considerable.
- Venice City was established in the 7th century as a cluster of all 124 island settlements.
Highlights: Canals, St Mark's Square, Doge's Palace, Gondolas
Venice cruise terminal
The Port of Venice is the leader not only in one traffic segment. It is the leader Mediterranean cruise port and main cargo port. The cruises starting from Venice have mainly three directions – the Adriatic Sea, the Aegean Sea and Turkey.
The Venice Cruise Port Terminal (VCT or Terminal Venezia Passeggeri) is the 3rd busiest cruise port in Europe and the 13th in the world. Each year the Port of Venice hosts thousand cruise ships and more than a million passengers. The port is located at the end of Venice (the road to the continental Italy, at the 4th km). It is not directly located on the Mediterranean.
The Port of Venice is in the Venetian Lagoon and the Porto di Lido channel joins it to the Adriatic. Over twenty cruise lines are hosted by the Venice Cruise Terminal. Companies like Norwegian Cruise Lines, Carnival,Royal Caribbean and MSC offer Venice cruises in their itineraries.
There are three major quays at the Venice Cruise Terminal. The biggest one is Marittima basin. It has three terminals and hosts the largest cruise ships. It comprises the TM berth (TM Quay), the Piave Quay [berth 117], the Tagliamento Quay [berths 107, 109, 110, and 112] and the Isonzo Quay [berth 18 and 20]. Two host smaller cruise ships – San Basilio [Quays 29 to 31] and Santa Marta [Quays 24 to 28]. They are situated in the the Giudecca Canal, around the corner of the port.
Venice tours, shore excursions, hotels
City Tours and Shore Excursions
Venice is known to be the “Queen of the Adriatic”. It is one of the most romantic world cities. Venice can enchant anyone with its breathtaking palazzos, canals and beautiful bridges. This city is so spectacular, that you will need at least three days to enjoy some of its wonders. Spend a day in a gondola at the narrow channels and be amazed by Venice. Go to Murano, the Venetian glassmaking center, or visit some of the famous places near the St Marks Square:
- Basilica: the place where you can see Pala d’Oro. This famous altarpiece dates since 976. It is made of solid gold by the Byzantine goldsmiths and it has precious gems encrustations.
- Doge’s Palace: situated right to the Basilica. You can see the Council Hall, plaques of the Doges (all 76, except Doge 55) and the world-famous Bridge of Sighs (the last walking place for the criminals before their transfer from the palace into the jail).
- Campanile: dating since 912. The Campanile is the third building you have to see. There is astonishing city view from the top of it. This is not the exact original of the building, but a rebuilding with the original materials after its collapse in 1902.
The Venice cruise port map is interactive. It shows the port's exact location, along with the real-time cruise ship traffic (if any) in its vicinity - today, and right now. By zooming-out you can see other cruise ship ports located near Venice, Italy.
If you lose the Venice location on the map, simply reload the page (also with F5 button). This feature is integrated with the CruiseMapper's cruise ship tracker tracking the vessels' current positions at sea and in ports.
Port Venice cruise ship schedule shows timetable calendars of all arrival and departure dates by month. The port's schedule lists all ships (in links) with cruises going to or leaving from Venice, Italy. To see the full itineraries (ports of call dates and arrival / departure times) and their lowest rates – just follow the corresponding ship-link.
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