Oden icebreaker Review and Specifications
Specifications of Oden icebreaker
|Year built||1988 / Age : 31|
|Builder||Götaverken (Arendal, Sweden)|
|Class||Swedish diesel icebreaker (Polar research vessel, expedition ship)|
|Operator||Swedish Maritime Administration|
|Speed||16 kn / 30 kph / 18 mph|
|Length (LOA)||107 m / 351 ft|
|Beam (width)||31 m / 102 ft|
|Gross Tonnage||9605 gt|
Review of Oden icebreaker
Oden is a Swedish icebreaking vessel owned by Sweden and operated by Sjofartsverket (Swedish Maritime Administration). The ship is homeported in Lulea Sweden. The list of Swedish icebreakers includes Ale (1973), Frej (1975), Oden (1982) and Ymer (1977).
- The ship's operator is a Swedish Government agency providing services to the country's transportation sector. The agency's main services are pilotage, maintenance of all the Sweden's shipping lanes (including icebreaking and keeping them safe for navigation), also maintenance of lighthouses, maritime search, and rescue. Most of the agency's budget is financed through fees from commercial ships - cargo and passenger (ferry and cruise vessels).
- On Polar cruises (Antarctic and Arctic scientific expeditions) the ship is chartered by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat (Government agency under Sweden's Ministry of Education and Research).
The icebreaker Oden was originally built to maintain ice-free cargo shipping passage through Gulf of Bothnia (Baltic Sea's northernmost arm, located between Finland and Sweden). Later, the ship was modified to also serve as a scientific research vessel. It is operated in packed-ice conditions routinely and independently (without the need for additional icebreaking support).
This icebreaker is named after the god of wisdom Odin - the Norse mythology's father of all gods. God Odin was also associated with knowledge, prophecy, magic. Seeking for knowledge, he travels the realms of gods and men, caring with him Gungnir (the never missing spear) and Draupnir (the ring of magic). Odin and his brothers Ve and Vili together slew the primeval monster Ymir (the father of the giants). After that, they created the first couple of humans (Ask and Embla) out of wood. The name Odin (Odinn) in Old Norse means “furious”. From its Proto-Germanic Wodanaz version (the old Anglo-Saxon’s Woden/Wodan) originates the name for the 4th day of the week – Wednesday (starting from Sunday). The icebreaker's namesake is the Viking River Cruises boat Viking Odin (launched 2012).
Arctic and Antarctica cruise expeditions (itineraries)
Oden's scientific cruise itineraries are in both Polar regions - the European Arctic and Antarctica. In 1991, Oden became the world's first diesel icebreaker to reach the North Pole. On this Arctic cruise expedition, Oden was accompanied by the German icebreaker RV Polarstern (launched 1982). Since then, Oden has participated in several Arctic and Antarctic scientific cruise expeditions.
- European Arctic cruise itineraries usually include Laptev Sea (between Siberia, Taimyr Peninsula, Severnaya Zemlya, and New Siberian Islands), East Siberian Sea (between Siberia, New Siberian Islands, and Chukotka Peninsula) and Chukchi Sea (between Wrangel Island and Point Barrow Alaska).
- The ship has also participated in numerous Canadian Arctic cruise expeditions. During the last one (in 2016) Oden assisted the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker ship CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent on a Canadian Arctic undersea mapping expedition.
- In the period 2006-2011, the ship was chartered for 5 cruises to Antarctica - 2007-2008, 2008-2009, 2009-2010, 2010-2011
- In Antarctica, the icebreaker also often visits the USA's McMurdo Station (on Ross Island). In Queen Maud Land are currently operated the following research stations maintained by: Norway (Troll, Tor), Russia (Novolazarevskaya), South Africa (SANAE 4), Sweden (Svea, Wasa), Finland (Aboa), Germany (Neumayer 3, Kohnen), India (Maitri), Japan (Showa, Dome Fuji) and Belgium (Princess Elisabeth).
- Oden's Antarctic cruises are usually themed on biology, oceanography and biogeochemistry research.
Oden icebreaker vessel details
The icebreaker features an aft-located helipad deck (helicopter landing platform), 1 onboard helicopter and fore-located cargo deck with gantry crane for loading/unloading cargo, including laboratory equipment and containerized (mobile) labs.
- The ship is powered by four Sulzer marine diesel engines (model 8ZAL4OS) each 4,5 MW or combined (max) power output 18 MW.
- Propulsion consists of two LIPS BV controllable-pitch propellers.
- Max Draught: 8,5 m (28 ft) fully loaded
- DWT Deadweight tonnage: 4906 tons
- Displacement tonnage: 13000 tons
- Icebreaking capacity: 1,9 m (6 ft) at speed 3 Kn (5,5 kph / 3,5 mph)
- Cargo capacity: 40 TEUs (containers)
- Range: 56000 km (35000 ml) at speed 13 Kn (24 kph / 15 mph)
- Endurance: 100 days
Note: In the case of poor AIS coverage, tracking the vessel's current location will be impossible. You can see the CruiseMapper's list of all icebreakers and ice-breaking research ships in the "itinerary" section of our Icebreakers hub. All states and their fleets are listed there.