Viktor Chernomyrdin icebreaker Review and Specifications
Specifications of Viktor Chernomyrdin icebreaker
|Year built||2018 new ship|
|Builder||(Baltiysky Zavod) Baltic Shipyard (St Petersburg, Russia)|
|Class||Russian diesel icebreaker (LK-25 class, Project 22600)|
|Speed||17 kn / 31 kph / 20 mph|
|Length (LOA)||147 m / 482 ft|
|Beam (width)||29 m / 95 ft|
|Gross Tonnage||16000 gt|
Review of Viktor Chernomyrdin icebreaker
MS Viktor Chernomyrdin ("ледокол Виктор Черномырдин") is a new-design (and the world's largest) Russian diesel icebreaker. "MS" stands for "motor ship". The vessel is owned and operated by Rosmorport. Rosmorport is a Russian FSUE ("Federal State Unitary Enterprise") created in 2012 by the Russian Federation's Ministry of Transport.
Among the newest Russian icebreaker ships, Viktor Chernomyrdin is named after Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin (1938-2010), a Russian politician, the longest-serving Prime Minister (1992–1998) and the first chairman of the Gazprom (natural gas and oil production corporation company).
The current "Project 22600" design (aka LK-25) was produced by the Russian Petrobalt Design Bureau, in co-operation with the Finnish Aker Arctic. On December 2, 2011, Rosmorport signed a RUB 7,5 billion (USD ~120 million) contract with the Baltic Shipyard, for the building of the 25-megawatt icebreaker.
Ship's keel-laying ceremony on October 10, 2012 was attended by Russia's Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. The Viktor Chernomyrdin ship was initially planned to enter service in late 2015. However, due to design flaws resulting in 2500 tons overweight and 0,7 m / 2,3 ft increased draught, the LK25 project was delayed by over 2 years. The shipbuilding yard signed a new design contract with Vympel. The contract with Nordic Yards (for construction of the ship's superstructure) was also cancelled. The icebreaker's delivery was re-scheduled for July 2017. In January 2017, the delivery was rescheduled once again for early 2018. The shipowner Rosmorport suffered financial losses because it had to charter a Finnish ice-breaker at daily charter rate of RUB 3 million (USD ~47000).
Rosmorport's Viktor Chernomyrdin itinerary program offers Russian Arctic expedition cruises.
Viktor Chernomyrdin icebreaker vessel details
This Project 22600 vessel is the world's biggest diesel-powered icebreaker. Bigger in size are only Russia's nuclear-powered icebreaker ships 50 Let Pobedy, Arktika (2017), Rossiya, Sibir (2019), Sovetskiy Soyuz, Taymyr, Ural (2020), Vaygach and Yamal.
The development of the LK-25 icebreaker design dates back to the first plans for rebuilding the Russian fleet after the dissolution of the Soviet Union (USSR). A number of nuclear-powered and conventional ice-breaking ship designs were proposed. They ranged from 7-megawatt LK-7 auxiliary vessels to 110-megawatt LK-110N nuclear ships with ice-breaking capacity up to 3,5 m (11 ft).
Of these, the 25-megawatt LK-25 ships were intended to escort merchant vessels and lead convoys through the freezing Arctic waters, as well as to operate as auxiliary icebreakers along the Northern Sea Route assisting complex cargo shipping convoys.
This vessel is RMRS-classified (Russian Maritime Register of Shipping) as "Icebreaker8" class. According to the project's specifications, it is designed to operate continuously in compact ice fields with thickness up to 2 m (7 ft) and freezing temperatures down to -35 Celsius (-31 Fahrenheit) for a period of 60 days.
As to power output, the ship is slightly less powerful than the USCG (US coastguard) icebreakers of the Polar-class (also diesel-powered). However, the Chernomyrdin ship is designed as a double acting vessel, which means it can fully operate in both directions. Additionally, its propulsion system features the latest technology azimuth thrusters. These are podded marine propellers able to rotate to any horizontal angle, thus making the rudder obsolete. The Azipod propulsion gives the ship superior maneuverability in comparison to all older designs, which propulsion consists of shaft lines and rudders.
- The vessel has 1 dining room, Sauna, Passenger Lounge, Gymnasium, 1 swimming pool (indoor, heated), Infirmary, 1 elevator, 2 helipads (helicopter deck) plus hangar with 2 transport helicopters.
- DWT Deadweight tonnage: 22258 tons
- Displacement tonnage: 22000 tons
- Clear path width: 50 m (164 ft)
- Max Draught: 9,5 m (31 ft)
- Icebreaking capacity: 3 m (10 ft)
- Ice-class 8 (highest is 9)
- Range: 60 days
- Power: Four marine diesel engines (8,7 MW each, or 34,8 MW total power output)
- Propulsion: Diesel-electric; centerline shaft (10 MW fixed pitch propeller), two ABB Azipods (VI1600 azimuth thrusters, 7,5 MW each, or 15 MW combined output)
Note: In case of poor AIS coverage, tracking the vessel's current location will be impossible. You can see the CruiseMapper's list of all icebreakers and ice-breaking research ships in the "itinerary" section of our Icebreakers hub. All states and their fleets are listed there.