Arktika icebreaker Review and Specifications
Specifications of Arktika icebreaker
|Year built||2020 new ship|
|Builder||(Baltiysky Zavod) Baltic Shipyard (St Petersburg, Russia)|
|Class||Russian nuclear icebreaker (LC-60YA-class, Project 22220)|
|Speed||21 kn / 39 kph / 24 mph|
|Length (LOA)||173 m / 568 ft|
|Beam (width)||34 m / 112 ft|
|Gross Tonnage||33540 gt|
|Passengers||64 - 128|
|Decks with cabins||5|
|Sister-ships||Sibir (2019), Ural (2020)|
Current position of Arktika icebreaker
Review of Arktika icebreaker
NS Arktika ("атомный ледокол Арктика”) is a new design (and the world's largest) Russian nuclear icebreaker. "NS" stands for "nuclear ship". The vessel that is state-owned (by the Russian Federation) and operated by Atomflot. Atomflot company provides all Russian nuclear icebreakers with maintenance and technological services. The company also serves the country's special vessels fleet.
Among the newest Russian icebreaker ships, Arktika is one of the Project 22220 ships (aka LK-60Ya). This is a special class of 3 nuclear-powered icebreakers designed and constructed in Russia. Being the first in the series, Arktika was laid down in November 2013 and planned to enter service in 2019 (June) but rescheduled for 2020 (May). After its completion, this ship became the world's ever biggest and most powerful icebreaker, surpassing the "nuclear cruise ship" 50 Let Pobedy (50 Years of Victory) by length (14 m longer) and width (4 m wider).
Negotiations between the Russian companies Atomflot and USC (United Shipbuilding Corporation) have been lengthy. In early 2013, the federal government allocated RUB (rubles) 86,1 billion (or ~USD 1,3 billion) for the project. Rosatom (also state-owned corporation) insisted that the two ice-breaking ships should have a total building cost of RUB 77,5 billion (~USD 1,2 billion). However, the offer was declined by the shipbuilder Baltic Shipyard (aka Baltiisky Yard). A second tender with the adjusted shipbuilding price of RUB 84,4 billion was announced in Dec 2013.
The Arktika icebreaker's itinerary program offers North Pole expedition cruises and also longer itineraries on the Northern Sea shipping route (on Russia's Arctic coastline).
Russia's nuclear fleet of ice-breaking vessels is used exclusively in the Arctic Ocean for escorting merchant ships and assisting research stations floating in the ice-covered waters north of Siberia. These ships are also used for scientific and Arctic cruise expeditions. The Russian nuclear ice-breakers must sail in ice-cold waters to effectively cool their reactors.
NS Arktika icebreaker vessel details
Project 22220 class Russian nuclear ships have minimal draught is 8,6 m / 28 ft and max draught is 10,5 m / 34 ft. The dual-draft design makes these ships capable of operating in both the Arctic Ocean and in ice-covered rivers.
Project 22220 icebreakers are equipped with two RITM-200 nuclear reactors with a total of 350 MW thermal capacity. Propulsion power output is 1100 MW. The previous design was for 60 MW output (the reason why this class is alternatively known as "LK-60"). RITM-200 model is a pressurized water reactor developed by OKBM Afrikantov (Russian mechanical engineering company) and designed to produce power output of 55 MWe (megawatt electrical). RITM-200 uses up to 20% enriched uranium-235. The reactor is refueled every 7 years and has planned lifespan of 40 years. RITM-200 is also used to power Russia's newest and most powerful aircraft carriers (Project 23000E). Arktika ship's maximum ice-breaking capability is 2,8 m / 9, ft at cruising speed between 1,5 - 2 knots (2,8 kph / 1,7 mph).
In May 2015 was reported that Russia made a decision on the development of the design for its newest nuclear-powered icebreakers to be able to move across Arctic ice of thickness up to 4.5 m / 15 ft. The icebreaker features propulsion power of 110 MW. Russia's new icebreakers are nearly twice as powerful as Project 22220 nuclear ships.
The steel for the Arktika ship (thick plate "Mill 5000") was supplied by the MMK company (Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works). The company one of the world's largest producers and supplies with steel over 50% of Russia’s shipbuilding. Steel plate "Mill 5000" is used for manufacturing the Russia's naval fleet, as well for building tankers and ice-class vessels. The steel is certified internationally, including by Lloyd’s Register and Bureau Veritas.
Besides NS Arktika, the list of other Russian nuclear icebreaker ships includes 50 Let Pobedy (2007), Rossiya (1982), Sibir (2019, sistership), Sovetskiy Soyuz (1990), Taymyr (1989), Ural (2020, sistership), Vaygach (1990), Yamal, (1992), Sevmorput (1988, cargo ship). The photo below is of the old NS Arktika ship.
The Arktika ship's namesake was decommissioned in 2008. Built in 1975, the old NS Arktika (IMO 7429061) belonged to the Arktika-class nuclear ships - the world's largest and most powerful ever built. The ship was state-owned but operated by MSCO (Murmansk Shipping Company, later transferred to Atomflot). The old Arktika icebreaker was one of all 10 Russian nuclear ships. It was also among the 6 vessels of this class - together with the old Sibir (1977-1992), Rossiya (1982), Sovetskiy Soyuz (1990), Yamal (1992) and 50 Let Pobedy (2007).
- The vessel has 1 dining room, Sauna, Library, Auditorium, Passenger Lounge, Volleyball Court, Gymnasium, 1 swimming pool (indoor, heated), Infirmary, 1 elevator, 1 helipad (helicopter deck) with a Mi-2 transport helicopter.
- DWT Deadweight tonnage: 9000 tons
- Displacement tonnage: 33540 tons
- Clear path width: 50 m (164 ft)
- Draught: 8,6 m (28 ft min) 10,5 m (35 ft max)
- Icebreaking capacity: 4,5 m (15 ft)
- Ice-class 9 (highest)
- Range: unlimited
- Power: 2x RITM-200 nuclear reactors (175 MW power output each)
- Propulsion: 3 shafts (combined power output 110 MW)
Note: In the case of poor AIS coverage, tracking the vessel's current location will be impossible. You can see the CruiseMapper's list of all icebreakers and ice-breaking research ships in the "itinerary" section of our Icebreakers hub. All states and their fleets are listed there.
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On June 16, 2016, the world’s largest icebreaking vessel was launched (floated out from drydock) at the Baltic Shipyard in St Petersburg. Ship's first nuclear reactor (RITM-200 steam generator) was delivered and installed on September 2, 2016. On November 22 was installed the second nuclear reactor. Each RITM-200 reactor has thermal capacity of 175 MW (350 MV combined power output).
In the summer of 1977 (August 9-22) was the Russian (Soviet Union) North Pole expedition on the old Arktika icebreaker leaving roundtrip from Murmansk. The ship was commanded by Captain Yury Kuchiyev and reached the North Pole on August 17. An anniversary voyage in 2017 repeated the 1977 expedition's route with the 50 Let Pobedy nuclear ship. The itinerary started on August 13, 2017, and reached the North Pole on August 17.
As Project 22220 vessels are able to navigate both deep (sea) and shallow waters (river estuaries), ROSATOM received two types of ice-breaking ships for the price of one, which means saving of hundreds of millions of USD. NS Arktika and its sisterships are of utmost importance for Russia's strategy to open the Northern Sea Route (NSR) for commercial and military operations the whole year-round. By 2024, the NSR is planned to serve vessels carrying 80+ million tonnes of shipments. The Russian Government gave ROSATOM the lead in route's 6-year infrastructure development project, the total funding for which is RUB 734,9 billion (USD 11,37 billion / EUR 10,17). Of those, RUB 274 billion were provided by the Government, while the remaining RUB 460+ billion were provided by investors, the largest among which are ROSATOM, ROSNEFT and NOVATEK.
ROSATOM (2007-founded) is a state-owned nuclear energy corporation headquartered in Moscow. It comprises over 360 companies and organizations, specializing in scientific research and nuclear weapons, as well as world's only fleet of nuclear icebreakers. In 2017, ROSATOM produced 202,868 billion kWh of electricity annually or 18,9% of Russia’s total electricity. Corporation's construction projects include 33 nuclear powerplant units installed and maintained in 12 countries. It also manufactures related equipment, produces isotopes for nuclear medicine, conducts researches and studies, produces supercomputers and software, develops renewable energy technologies (including wind turbines). ROSATOM covers 17,7% of world's nuclear fuel market and ~35% market share of the global Uranium enrichment services.
ROSNEFT (1993-founded) is a state-controlled gas and oil corporation headquartered in Moscow. The company specializes in research, extraction, production, refinement and transportation of natural gas and petroleum. ROSNEFT is ranked Russia's 3rd largest company and country's 2nd-largest state-controlled (after Gazprom) and world's 24th largest oil company in terms of revenue (FY2017 - USD 103 billion / EUR 92,09 billion).
NOVATEK (1994-founded) is Russia's 2nd-largest natural gas producer and world's 7th-largest stock-listed company by annual natural gas production volume. The company is listed and traded on London (LSE) and Moscow (MCX) stock exchanges. Major shareholders are Leonid Michelson (CEO, ~28%), Volga Group (23%), Total SA (French multinational, ~16%) and Gazprom (9,4%).
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